Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 4 4 1807. (Syn: Litsea apetala Pers.; Litsea hexantha Siebold ex Bl.; Litsea polyantha Juss.; Malapoenna monopetala (Roxb. ex Baker) Kuntze; Tetranthera alnoides Miq.; Tetranthera fruticosa Buch.-Ham. ex Meisn.; Tetranthera hexantha Sieber ex Meisn.; Tetranthera hirana Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Tetranthera macrophylla Wall.; Tetranthera monopetala Roxb.; Tetranthera quadriflora Roxb.; Tetranthera verticillata Buch.-Ham. ex Meisn.; Tetranthera villosa Boj.; Tomex monopetala (Roxb. ex Baker) Hoffmgg.; Tomex pubescens Willd. ex Meisn.);
Himalaya (Kumaun to Sikkim), E. Pakistan, Burma, S.W. China (Yunnan) as per Annonated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal;
China (Guangdong, Guangxi, SW-Guizhou, S-Yunnan), Cambodia, India, Laos, Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi, Sind), Thailand, Vietnam, Java, peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Perak, Pahang, Selangor), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Andamans (Middle Andamans, South Andamans), Nicobars (Great Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay), Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (Yangon, Bago), Nepal as per Catalogue of life;
Common name: Meda • Hindi: Meda, Gwa, Singraf, Katmarra, Jangli-rai-am • Manipuri: তুমিতলা Tumitla • Marathi: ranamba • Tamil: maidalagadil, muchaippeyetti, picinpattai • Mizo: nauthak • Telugu: chiru mamidi, meda, chiru maamidi, naara, narachettu, naramaamidi • Kannada: gajapippali, hemmudi, kainji • Bengali: bara-kukurchita • Khasi: dieng soh phohskei, dieng sohtyllap • Nepali: Kutmira • Assamese: muga, sualu


NS 01: Small Tree for Id from Renuka Ji (H.P.) :  Attachments (6). 12 posts by 7 authors.

This medium-sized tree was shot from the periphery of Renuka Ji Lake (Himachal Pradesh) in April 2011..
wanted to share this for id after I saw an upload of Litsea glutinosa by …
the flowers were small with boat-shaped sepals, creamish petals and numerous woolly stamens…
I could never see this anywhere again for detailed shots of flowers/fruits…
I hope to get the id from these pics only..

I thought Mitragyna parvifolia

I too think this could be Mitragyna parvifolia

It looks more like a Litsea sp. to me
The flowers of Mitragyna are not like this at all

I think … is correct. Thanks for correction.
The flowers looks like that of Litsea and not Mitragyna.

Thanks … for correction
On second look, it is not Mitragyna at all
Happy to have seen another tree species from Himachal Pradesh

Hope Litsea consimilis

I agree with …, it is not Mitragyna.

May be Litsea monopetala.

perhaps it is Litsea monopetala

Fwd: Fwd: [efloraofindia:150003] NS 01: Small Tree for Id from Renuka Ji (H.P.) :
It is Letsea monopetela



This fair-sized tree was shot from periphery of Renuka Ji Lake in Himachal..
Please suggest which species of Litsea this can be…

Please check if it is Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers.

Thanks a lot …  I take this as Litsea monopetala, though I feel better pics are required…

Plant: Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers.
Location: Gohpur, Assam
Assamese name: Xoalu
Photo: Ananta Borah, Bongaigaon, Assam


Attached images are Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers. from Assam, known as Soalu in Assamese. It is a primary food plants for Muga Silk worms (Antheraea assama). Antheraea assama is endemic to Assam. Muga culture is originated in Assam and recorded in literature dates back to 1662 B.C. Muga culture is a traditional profession of many Ethnic groups of Assam.


Unknown tree-1 collected from Kamrup district, Assam : Attachments (6). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Attached images are Unknown tree collected from Kamrup district, Assam. Please ID the Plant species.

Date :.09.03.2013

Location: Kamrup district

Family : Euphorbiaceae/ Moraceae (?)

Genus & species : Unknown

Habitat: Grows wild

Habit : Tree

Could it be Litsea monopetala? Not sure though

Photographed these fruits about 2 hrs. ago, a wild small to medium tree on pond-side.
ID would be appreciated.
As per distribution by Sir Prain we should have Litsea glutinosa, Litsea apetala and Litsea salicifolia Hook. f. var. laurifolia of Fl. Br. Ind.

I would like to add that leaves glabrous upper surface, abaxially soft hairy (can’t say if tomentose, hoary…..etc).

This is Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers. (syn. L. polyantha Juss.), I think.

I have taken account of all species in Bengal Plants, irrespective of distribution.
Attached here trunk, branch, branchlet, petiole and leaf character.
Interesting feature is this has all kind of lamina!
Attachments (10)


june15sk35/40 — Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Another specimen from another village.

Nice shots.


Need id assistance for Arunachal Plant : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

I need id assistance for the following plant collected from LOWER SUBANSIRI District (ARUNACHAL PRADESH)
Locality: Kardo Hill
Altitude: 6300 ft

Date: 16/11/2014
Habit: tree up to 5 m tall
Flowers mild scented

Litsea sp.

Litsea species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

My guess is Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers.
Family: Lauraceae

Litsea species.

Thanks, …, for the Id. I think these appear to match with images at Litsea monopetala


Another tree for ID from Ranikhet, Uttarakhand-GSMAY2015/15 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Tree photographed from Ranikhet, Uttarakhand
April 17, 2012. Please help with ID.

Lauraceae member. Not sure which genus.

Litsea monopetala as per two Facebook Groups Indian Flora and Plant Wealth of India.


Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Sharing some pictures of Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers. shot at Nuwakot  Nepal on 25 April 2015 at  3200 ft.

Location: Raniban, Balaju, Nepal

Altitude:  4900 ft.
Date: 11 June 2016
Nepali Names : कटमेरो Katamero / कुटमेरो Kutamero / रातमाटी Raatamaati
Attachments (4)


Fwd: SK343JAN26-2017:ID- 1 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

Location: Raniban, Balaju, Nepal
Altitude:  4900 ft.
Date: 11 June 2016

efi thread

Tree for ID SMP April2016 : 12 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Observed this large tree profusely flowering. Kaziranga Assam.

My guess is Litsea monopetala (Lauraceae)

Is this Litsea glutinosa?

Or Litsea monopetala?

Image is not that much wonderful…. a close up would have given better identifying features…

This tree is very common in Assam. I find it here at Cooch Behar but not that common. I don’t know the name of the tree. I captured few images of bird eating fruits of this tree. Attaching two such images which may help in identification.
Attachments (2)

If you have any other images, pl. post.

Was not possible to take closeups

It seems the tree is Litsea monopetala (syn Litsea polyantha).


ID of the tree; # (4 replies, 2 pictures, 15.12.10);
This photo was taken at Shyamkhola (with you) in the month of April’10. Need the ID of the tree

I think more close up & other details pictures are required for identification.

Can this be a Memycylon?

Litsea monopetala??

Ýes  …, It seems like Litsea monopetala. Sorry for the misidentification.


Litsea doshia (D. Don) Kosterm. (accepted name) ?? : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)
Location: Nagarkot, Nepal
Date : 31 March 2017
Altitude : 4800 ft.
Or  Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers.   ???

I think does not match with any as per images at the following:
Further check specimen of Litsea doshia at

I think appears close to images at Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers.



Same tree on 2 April 2018 !
Attachments (5) – around 800 kb each.

Fwd: LITSEA MONOPETALA : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Litsea monopetala (MEDA/ KUKUR CHITA)

Re: SYMBIOSIS : 1172 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Blue throated Barbet feeding on the fruits of Litsea monopetala.

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1174 : Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Asiatic pied starling feeding on fruits of Litsea monopetala.

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1175 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Jungle Myna feeding on fruits of Lisea monopetala.

great. what is the difference between a jungle mayna and city maina?

Thank you … Jungle Myna has a crest and lacks bare orbital skin.

Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1189 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red Whiskered Bulbul feeding on fruits of Litsea monopetala.

Re: SYMBIOSIS : 1185 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Common Myna feeding on fruits of Litsea monopetala.

Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (6)- around 700 kb each.
Location: Okharpauwa, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation:  1689 m.
Date: 10 May 2019
Habit : Wild


Tree ID from Bangladesh SM071 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Habit: Tree
Habitat: Garden
Flowering: April

efi page on Bridelia retusa
Bridelia retusa var. roxburghiana Müll.Arg. is a synonym of Bridelia retusa (L.) A.Juss. as per The Plant List

I think looks different from images at Bridelia retusa

Certainly Sir. Some Litsea sp. might be.

I would suggest Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers. –

Bridelia assamica?

With all due respect, Sir, flower pictures of Bridelia asamica, shared in the group website (—z/p/phyllanthaceae/bridelia/bridelia-assamica) seem to look different.
If we magnify the image no. “11 April_ 2014_Dhaka Sourav Mahmud (40)_resize” at around 2x , the flowers would be closer to those of Litsea.
Please forgive me if I am proved wrong.

This appears close to images at Tree for ID SMP April2016 (identified as Litsea monopetala).


Need id Assistance for Moraceae Plant: 7 images.
I need id assistance for the following Moraceae plant

Locality: Deganga Village outskirt
District: North 24 Parganas
State: West Bengal
Plane Area
Date of Collection: 18/03/2018

Resembles Litsea,
Check with Litsea monopetala

Yes, it appears close to images at Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers.


Tree for ID from Ranikhet Uttarakhand-GS15022022-3: 2 high res. images.
Please help with the ID of this tree, photographed from Ranikhet, 17-4-2012.

I think it is a Premna sp.

Appears as Litsea monopetala, female tree.




Catalogue of life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  GRIN  Flora of Pakistan  Annonated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal  Flora of China  Flowers of India  world agroforestry centre Trees of Andhra Pradesh, India By Thamminen Pullaiah, S. Sandhya Rani (Description)