Keys from Flora of Bhutan with Habitat, elevation and flowering-fruiting time
1. Leaves elliptic or narrowly oblanceolate, 1-4cm wide (if wider then margins strongly crenate); sepals ovate or oblong-spathulate, scarcely overlapping … 2
+ Leaves obovate or oblanceolate, 3-8cm wide, margins entire or weakly crenate; sepals suborbicular, distinctly overlapping .. . .. 6
2. Leaf margins distinctly crenate; flowers in umbels or panicles .  . .. 3
+ Leaf margins entire; flowers in panicles . . .. 5
3. Leaves thinly coriaceous, 14-22 x 4-6.5cm; flowers in short deflexed panicles …. 7. A. bhotanica (Warm broad-leaved forests, l700m. May)
+ Leaves thickly coriaceous, 7-14 x 1-4cm; flowers in i erect umbels … 4 
4. Leaf margins with conspicuous marginal band of raised red gland-dots; sepals 3-3.5mm; petals 6-7mm; fruit c 10mm … 1. A. macrocarpa (Evergreen oak and cool broad-leaved forests, 1600-2400m. May-July)
+ Leaf margins with few marginal raised gland-dots not forming a distinct line; sepals c 1.2mm; petals c 4mm; fruit 6-8mm … 2. A. crispa (Oak forest, 2l30m. December-February)
5. Leaves 20-30 x 5-8cm . . . ..3. A. colorata (Terai forests. November-January)
+ Leaves 7-19 x 2-4.5cm . . .. 4. A. thyrsiflora (Subtropical and terai forests, often along streams, 300-l200m. May-July)
6. Bracts at base of pedicels 4-6mm, early deciduous; sepals 3-4mm, not enveloping fruit .. 5. A. solanacea syn. of Ardisia elliptica Thunb. (Subtropical and terai forests, 300-1800m. April-July)                            
+ Bracts at base of pedicels 15-25mm, subpersistent; sepals 11-12mm, enveloping fruit .. .. 6. A. involucrata (Subtropical and terai forests, 300—2400m. June-July)

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As per efi thread :
1. Umbels terminal ……. Ardisia sonchifolia Mez.
1. Umbels lateral or axillary ….. 2
2. peduncle 2-3 cm long …….. Ardisia littoralis Andr (syn. of Ardisia elliptica Thunb.)
2. peduncle 5-(12) cm long …… Ardisia solanacea Roxb. (syn. of Ardisia ellipticaThunb. as per CoL)

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BSI Flora of India Checklist (Volume 2) (Distribution):

Name Distribution
Ardisia agasthyamalayana Endemic to India: Kerala
Ardisia amplexicaulis Endemic to India: Kerala
Ardisia andamanica EXCLUDED TAXA
Ardisia blatteri Endemic to India: Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Ardisia colorata Assam, Manipur, Tripura
Ardisia courtallensis EXCLUDED TAXA
Ardisia crenata Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, West Bengal
Ardisia depressa Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland
Ardisia floribunda Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
Ardisia griffithii Arunchal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya
Ardisia humilis Through out India
Ardisia icara Arunachal Pradesh, Assam
Ardisia involucrata Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Sikkim, West Bengal
Ardisia keenani Assam, Manipur
Ardisia khasiana var. Ardisia khasiana (Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram)
var. thomsonii C.B. Clarke in Hook.f. (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Mizoram, Sikkim)
Ardisia meghalayensis EXCLUDED TAXA
Ardisia odontophylla Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya
Ardisia oxyphylla Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Ardisia paniculata Assam, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal
Ardisia pauciflora var. pauciflora (Kerala, Odisha, Tamil Nadu)
var. rhomboidea (Wight) Rijupalika Roy, Anirban Roy & A. Pramanik. (Endemic to India: Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
Ardisia pedunculosa Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya
Ardisia rhynchophylla EXCLUDED TAXA
Ardisia sonchifolia Endemic to India: Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Ardisia stonei Kerala
Ardisia virens Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland

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Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Ardisia amplexicaulis Bedd. Shrub Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Fischer 1921
Coimbatore
Ardisia blatteri Gamble Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Viswa nathan
et al. 2002
Theni,
Tirunelveli
Ardisia littoralis Andr. is a synonym of Ardisia elliptica Thunb. Shrub Back waters  Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Thoothu kkudi
Ardisia missionis Wall. ex A.DC. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Clarke 1882
Coimbatore,
Tirunelveli
Ardisia paniculata Roxb. Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Fischer 1921
Coimbatore
Ardisia pauciflora Heyne ex Roxb. Shrub/ small
tree
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Theni, Tirunelveli
Ardisia rhomboidea Wight Shrub/ small
tree
Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Clarke 1882, Fyson 1932
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Salem, Tirunelveli
Ardisia solanacea Roxb. syn. of Ardisia elliptica Thunb. Shrub/ small
tree
Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Viluppuram, Tiruchchira ppalli,
Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai 
Ardisia sonchifolia Mez Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Coimbatore,
Tirunelveli

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Botanical name Family Common name
Ardisia macrocarpa Myrsinaceae Himalayan Coralberry
Ardisia oxyphylla Myrsinaceae Pointed-Leaf Ardisia
Ardisia solanacea  syn. of Ardisia elliptica Thunb. Myrsinaceae Shoebutton Ardisia

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Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Brief details-

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1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett –
Ardisia amplexicaulis Bedd.- I- Kerala
Ardisia quinquegona– I- Meghalaya
Ardisia rhynchophylla C.B.Clarke- I- Meghalaya

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Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
Ardisia solanacea  syn. of Ardisia elliptica Thunb.

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Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By Bora, Yogendra Kumar (2003)- Details with keys
Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Brief details-
Ardisia humilis

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Ardisia : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Ardisia

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome


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Ardisia‎‎ with comparative images:
Pl. go through‎ Ardisia‎‎ (Primulaceae) page with comparative images of species in efloraofindia. On clicking the link of species, one can check the complete details. Genus pages generally give details of most of the species found in India.
I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identification in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genus (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


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