Asystasia chelonoides ?




Asystasia crispata Benth. (Images by Anurag N. Sharma, Identified by Prabhu kumar KM (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

Asystasia indica H.J.Chowdhery & Av.Bhattacharjee (Images by Somnath Paldas, Identified by K. Manasi, Mayur Nandikar, S. Pardeshi, Ushadi & Hemson (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Asystasia mysorensis (Roth) T.Anderson (Images by Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Asystasia nemorum Nees (China (Yunnan to Guangdong) to Indo-China, Jawa to Lesser Sunda Islands: China South-Central, China Southeast, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO)
Wild form:

Cultivated variety:


Asystasia variabilis (Nees ex DC.) Trim. (S. India, Sri Lanka as per POWO)


FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S. Karthikeyan, M. Sanjappa and S. Moorthy and published by BSI, Kolkata in 2009 is an important document for names, authority and distribution of Acanthaceae species in India. 
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Asystasia occur in India:
Asystasia chelonoides Nees [var. chelonoides; var. quadrangularis]
A. crispata Benth.
A. dalzelliana Santapau
A. gangetica (L.) Anderson
A. indica H.J.Chowdhery & Av. Bhattacharjee
A. macrocarpa Nees (syn. of Mackaya macrocarpa (Wall. ex Nees) Das)
A. mysurensis (Roth.) T.Anderson
A. pusilla C.B.Clarke
A. travancorica Bedd. 
Based on the following specimens at Kew Herbarium:
A. nemorum Nees also occur in India.
Scrutiny of these names in The Plant List 2013 indicate them as accepted. 

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Asystasia chelonoides Nees Strag gling Herb Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul,  Nilgiri, Theni, Tiruvanna malai, Tirunelveli
Asystasia crispata Benth. Herb aceous Under shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests to Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai
Asystasia dalzelliana Sant. Herb Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests  Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Dharmapuri,  Madurai, Salem,  Theni, Tiruchchira ppalli
Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. And. Strag gling Climbing Herb Plains, Moist Localities Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 All districts
Asystasia travancorica Bedd. Herb Western Ghats,  Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Tirunelveli

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name

Asystasia dalzelliana Asystasia violacea Acanthaceae Violet Asystasia
Asystasia gangetica Acanthaceae Ganges Primrose
Asystasia indica Acanthaceae Indian Asystasia
Asystasia intrusa = Asystasia gangetica subsp. micrantha (Nees) Ensermu Acanthaceae Common Asystasia
Asystasia mysorensis Ruellia mysurensis, Asystasia lawiana Acanthaceae Mysore Asystasia

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details with Keys
Asystasia chelonoides Nees var. quadrangularis C.B.Clarke 
Asystasia dalzelliana (syn: Asystasia violacea Dalzell ex C.B.Clarke)

Flora of Eastern Karnataka, Volume 2 By N. P. Singh (1988- Details with Keys

A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 12 By M. D. Dassanayake (1998- Details with Keys
Asystasia variabilis Trimen (syn: Asystasia chelonoides Nees var. quadrangularis C.B.Clarke; Asystasia chelonoides sensu Thw.; Asystasia gangetica var. variabilis Nees; Asystasia nemorum Nees var. angustifolia Thw.)

Asystasia chelonoides Nees

Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (1998)- Details-
Asystasia dalzelliana

Vegetables edited by G. J. H. Grubben (2004)- Great details-
Asystasia gangetica
Asystasia mysorensis

World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy By Johannes Seidemann (2005)- details-

Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-

Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-

Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)-

Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1986)- Details-
Asystasia coromandeliana NEES = Asystasia gangetica


Asystasia : 7 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Asystasia

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added the list of Indian species based on the relevant references.

A. nemorum is still very confused- pl. see efi thread. Other things seems to match.

Thanks,…, Where did you get the reference of A. nemorum Nees occuring in India ?
Pl. see Asystasia

I have mentioned that based on two herbarium specimens at Kew (links given) A.nemorum occur in India. These two specimens were collected from India which is sufficient evidence to say that the species occur in India.

Thanks, … There seems to be some confusion between A. nemorum Nees, Asystasia dalzelliana & Asystasia chelonoides.
Hope some of the experts can sort it out.


Asystasia chelonoides VERSUS Asystasia dalzelliana : 5 posts by 2 authors.
1) … is Asystasia chelonoides distributed in forest area surrounding Mumbai / Thane, that is Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnala Bird Sanctuary ?
2) … is Asystasia chelonoides confusingly close to Asystasia dalzelliana (syn. Asystasia violacea) ? … if so, any quick key to their ID.

Recently … has stated in another thread (Is it Asystasia ? ID25062013) as
A.chelonoides is now A.chelonoides Nees var. variabilis [Nees in DC] Almeida [comb.Nov.]. It is a separate species.”       

Illustration at FOC shows A.chelonoides Nees as a syn. of A. nemorum.
And Asystacia nemorum [previously Asystasia dalzelliana / Asystacia violacea] as per Dr.Almeida’s ‘Flora of Maharashtra’, Vol 4-A, pg.9 as quoted by … in another thread
Is it Asystasia ? ID25062013

Thanks, …, Flora of China says:
“…A. nemorum has a compact inflorescence with flowers clustered toward the apex, a long and slender corolla tube, blue corollas, and is known only from Peninsular Malaysia (where cultivated) and Java (where native). …….” & does not link it with Asystasia dalzelliana.
None of the sources at Asystasia, links A. nemorum with Asystasia dalzelliana.
Thus I am not accepting Dr. Almida’s views in this matter until something new comes up.

I will wait for response to my latter query:
2) … is Asystasia chelonoides confusingly close to Asystasia dalzelliana (syn. Asystasia violacea) ? … if so, any quick key to their ID.

Pl. see Asystasia

Thank you very much … Difference in habit is a clear key to separate Asystasia chelonoides and Asystasia dalzelliana.


Pl. go through Asystasia page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.