Ficus benjamina L.,  Mant. Pl. 129 1767. (Syn: Ficus benjamina var. bracteata Corner; Ficus benjamina var. comosa (Roxb.) Kurz; Ficus benjamina subsp. comosa (Roxb.) Panigrahi & Murti; Ficus benjamina var. comosa King; Ficus benjamina var. haematocarpa (Blume ex Decne.) Miq.; Ficus benjamina var. nuda (Miq.) M.F.Barrett; Ficus benjamina f. warringiana M.F.BarrettFicus comosa Roxb.; Ficus cuspidatocaudata Hayata; Ficus dictyophylla Wall. ; Ficus haematocarpa Blume ex Decne.; Ficus lucida Aiton; Ficus neglecta Decne.; Ficus nepalensis Blanco; Ficus nitida Thunb.; Ficus notobor Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Ficus nuda (Miq.) Miq.; Ficus papyrifera Griff.; Ficus parvifolia Oken; Ficus pendula Link; Ficus pyrifolia Salisb.; Ficus reclinata Desf.; Ficus striata Roth; Ficus umbrina Elmer; Ficus xavieri Merr.; Urostigma nudum Miq. ….);
India (Cultivated throught), China, Malesia to the Solomon Islands and N. Australia. Introduced elsewhere for avenue plants as per Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy- Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012;
Weeping Fig, benjamin tree, golden fig, Java fig, tropic-laurel, Chinese banyan • Hindi: पुकर pukar • Marathi: नांदरूक nandaruk, नांदरूख nandarukh • Tamil: நீண்டமரவகை nintamaravakai, வெள்ளால் vellal • Malayalam: putra juvi • Telugu: Konda golugu, konda zuvvi, పెద్దాzఉవ్వీ pedda zuvvi, putra zuvvi • Sanskrit: banij, mandara ;

Images by tspkumar



TSP-DEC2015-55-228: Images of Ficus benjamina (Moraceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Ficus benjamina (Moraceae) the Weeping Fig. 

Habit: Evergreen tree 

Habitat: Cultivated. 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Tumkur and Bangalore, about 900 msl 

Date: 23-06-2014, 10-02-2015 and 16-03-2015


Ficus Species : Mumbai : 13MAR16 : AK-6 : 06/06 : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Ficus Species seen in a cultivated garden in Mumbai.
Picture taken on 1st June, 2015.

Branches at tips are not terete or cylindrical and seems much flattened, leaves are also acuminate with tapering tips and coriaceous.
This should be Ficus benjamina L.

Thanks for the detailed description and id.

Yes looks like Ficus benjamina.

this is Ficus benjamina variety.


DV – 01AUG10 – 1152 :: Ficus benjamina look-alike : 8 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (3)

This Ficus tree at the north-east end of Rani Baug.
It has yellowish figs, normally seen in pairs.
The leaf shape and size seems like enlarged version of Ficus benjamina
The figs too are almost 3 – 4 times the size of F. benjamina
ID please
Date/Time : August 1, 2010 at 11.52am IST
Location Place
: Veermata Jijabai Bhosale Udyan, Mumbai
Altitude : 14 m (above mean sea level)

GPS : 18°58’44.29″N, 72°50’22.79″E
Habitat : Garden 🙂
Type : Botanical 🙂
Habit : tree
Height : about 12 – 15 m
Length : – not a climber –
Type : alternately arranged, simple leaf with entire margin
: elliptic, acuminate
Size : about 10 – 15 cm x 5 – 7 cm
: fig
Size :
: do not know
Colour : do not know
Calyx : do not know
Bracts : – no bracts –
Type : fig
: ellipsoid, with tip pronounced
Size : about 20 – 25 mm
Seeds :
do not know

yes this is Ficus benjamina.

Looks like “regular”  F. benjamina to me, though fruit (larger, lighter in color) resembles that of  F. benjamina ‘Exotica’. The foliage and habit of the tree pictured do not match the (garden-derived) F. benjamina ‘Exotica’.
Perhaps it is F. benjamina var. nuda?

Ficus benjamina in Pune has figs 2-3 cm. Are these bigger
than 3 cm? It looks benjamina all right. May be its a mature old tree to bear this size figs. Nuda has red and 1 cm sized figs.

This does look like usual Ficus benjamina to me, but there are more than one cultivars of this, nuda and compacta.

… many many thanks for the ID … am convinced with Ficus benjamina.
The figs, yellowish like ripe lemon colour, are about 20 – 25 mm slightly ellipsoid abruptly tapering to a point … hope that can give us some idea about the variety.
Referring Pradip Krishen ji’s Trees of Delhi … F. benjamina var. comosa seems a possible candidate.
Since this species of Ficus is one of the most popular in gardens, there are lot of cultivars (… to me, lot of confusion) !!
Will wait for comments.

I am quite sure of this plant being Ficus benjamina

Ficus benjamina L.

ID – 0208MS01 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4).
Found this Ficus spp planted as ornamental at Jadhavgadh near Pune.

Please help identify..

Probably Ficus benjamina?

efi page on Ficus benjamina 

Ficus benjamina L.

All subspecies and varieties of this species are now considered and synonymous to one species:

Species : BBC Show, MNP,Mumbai : 06APR17 : AK-05 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Came across these pictures in my collection.
Ficus Species seen at the BBC Show in MNP during March, 2014.
Kindly help in id.

This should be Ficus benjamina (Bonsai?).


Moraceae sp. from Assam KD 06 Aug 17 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

Attached images are Moraceae sp. Pl. ID the plant
Date :22.08.2017
Location: Assam
Family : Moraceae
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild on roadside
Habit : Tree

Sir, Images are identified as Ficus benjamina

Ficus benjamina tree

Family Moreaceae
large Round shape canopy structure


Ficus benjamina L. : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Location: Lakeside, Pokhara, Nepal 

Date : 13 August 2017
Altitude : 2600 ft.

Nepali Names : समी Samee / स्वामी Swaamee / चोन्कर Chonkar

Sir, Photographs are confirmed as Ficus benjamina L.

Nepali Names : समी / स्वामी




Flora Picture of the Year 2010- Aarti Khale:
My picture of the year is of a tree rather than a flower…..Ficus Benjamina. This huge tree is the largest seen by me at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka during a visit there in November, 2010. The entire tree covers an area of half an acre in the gardens and is still growing.
It was amazing to see such a huge tree. There are many more rare trees & flora in this garden.

This is pretty, and I got confused from the branching patterns….. I think they have some how deliberately entangled the branches during early stages. But very nice and rare pic of this hude plant, which is usually seen
in gardens only.


Ficus for ID : 020511 : AK-2: 2 images.
Taken on the 9th of April, 2011 at Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai, Maharashtra. A huge tree.

Ficus benjamina. Thanks for sharing. The fruit size is bigger than what I have seen. There are few cultivars of benjamina which has smaller leaves.

SYMBIOSIS: 1 correct image as above.
Attaching three imges of bird/plant symbiosis.
( a ) Bluethroated Barbet/Ficus benjamina …………                 

It is great reporting of symbiosis. I always read your postings with interest and stand to gain knowledge on  the relationship between the plants and mythology besides the great symbiosis of birds and plants.


Attachments (5)


Ficus for ID : 230412 : Nasik : AK-1:
An Ornamental, potted, small tree in a plant nursery at Nasik, Maharashtra.
Name given was Black Ficus having dark green leaves.
The bark had a beautiful design on it.

Ficus blackiana or Ficus benjamina ‘Black’

The Weeping Fig is an evergreen tree, native to south and southeast Asia. It is the official tree of Bangkok, Thailand. 
It is a tree reaching 30 m tall in natural conditions, with gracefully drooping branchlets and glossy leaves 6-13 cm long, oval with a pointed tip. In its native range, its small fruit are a favorite food of some birds. 
It is a very popular house plant, due to its elegant growth and tolerance of poor growing conditions; it does best under bright, sunny conditions but will also tolerate considerable shade. 
It requires a moderate amount of watering in summer, and only enough to keep it from drying out in the winter. It does not need to be misted. The plant is sensitive to cold and should be protected from strong drafts. When grown indoors, it can grow too large for its situation, and may need drastic pruning or replacing. The leaves are very sensitive to small changes in light. When it is re-located it reacts by dropping many of its leaves and replacing them with new leaves adapted to the new light intensity. 
Weeping Fig has many varieties like Ficus benjamina var. nuda and Ficus benjamina var. comosa.
Ref. Amazon

4 images.


Ficus for ID : 060412 : AK-1:
Sharing pictures of an Ornamental Ficus species from a plant nursery in Nasik.
It had curved leaves, fruits seen.

Ficus benjamina
Curly Weeping Fig, Chinese Banyan

for close to forty years i always had potted ficus benjamina plants as houseplant, never did one of these had curly leaves…
is this a variant????

Same doubts as …


210612 BRS383:

Pl. find the attached file contain photos for validation.
Is it Ficus benjamina?
Location: NBNP Garden, Anaikatti, Coimbatore (640 MSL)
Date: June, 2012
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Tree

I think a variety of F.benjamina.


Attaching an image of a Treepie on eating fruits of Ficus benjamina.


efloraofindia:”For Id 17102012MR1’’ tree with red cherry like fruits at Pune:
09/10/2012 Pune
Requesting identification of this medium ht tree with red cherry like fruits in a public park. No flowers were seen.

Ficus benjamina var. nuda.

Yes Ficus benjamina but fruits are so pinkish….


Ficus for ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 181012 : AK-3:
Ficus tree seen at Lalbagh, Bangalore on 26/7/2012.
A cultivated, garden tree with small red fruits.
Ficus benjamina?

a wild guess: ficus benjamina may be
but a caveat:
the ficus benjamina I had or seed fruiting alwys have had slightly longish yellow/orangeish berries…
but we have see a ficus benjamina here in the last two weeks with red berries … may you can search for it…

I found a post identified as Ficus benjamina var. nuda which was posted recently by …
Hope some expert is able to confirm this is also the same.


Is this Ficus benjamina ?200112- NS 3 from Pune:
Could photograph only d top of d tree n nt d whole plant.
Location-Pune, Date-07.01.12
looks lik Ficus benjamina.
Plz Id.

Yes it is correct

Id of Fruit : Attachments (1).  4 posts by 3 authors. in identifying this fruit.
Location –Nirvan Garden, Powai, Mumbai
Date – 29.03.2013

May be Ficus microcarpa (Moraceae)>

it is Ficus benjamina variety

check the color of ripe fruit
if it is red or yellow then F. benjamina var. benjamina
if orange-yellow then F. benjamina var. nuda

Bangalore-Ooty November 2013 :: Requesting ID of this tree at Lalbagh, Bangalore :: 26122013 :: ARK-35 : Attachments (1). 8 posts by 5 authors.
Requesting to please ID this tree captured in Lalbagh, Bangalore in November 2013.

Ficus sp

…. Ficus microcarpa L.f.

It is introduced cultivar developed from Ficus benjamina L. I shall provide further details shortly. 

Yes more like Ficus benjamina.
We see two varieties one with red fruits and the other with yellow fruits.
The leaves of both are similar.
Let us wait for … comments.

Ficus benjamina var. comosa, (Roxb.) Kurz <=> Yellow Weeping Fig Tree 
Ficus benjamina var. nudo, (Miq.) M. F. Barrett <=> Red Weeping Fig Tree 
Ficus benjamina var. nudo, (Miq.) M. F. Barrett <=> White Weeping Fig Tree 
Ficus benjamina var. benjamina, L. <=> Orange Weeping Fig Tree

Thank you … I now take it as Ficus benjamina var. nudo based on the information above…


Tree ID from Bangladesh SM123 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).

Habit: Small Tree
Habitat: Park

Location: Dhaka City

To me it looks like Ficus benjamina ‘Variegata’.

Ficus benjamina L. SN 47 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Ficus benjamina L., fruiting twig from a garden of Bangalore

Nice pictures of F. benjamina


Ficus benjamina? (Moraceae) from Andaman Islands. : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Abundant small tree in the interior forests, fruiting in September.

It may be Ficus benjamina.

It is difficult to visualise the size of the leaves from the photographs. Nevertheless, the leaves have resemblance to F.elastica 

I am sorry.  I have no further photo from this tree nor it is possible now to go back there.

Thanks for the message. For me it looks like Ficus elastica.

with these small yellow fruits?

… remarks are valid. On looking at the fruits I too feel the plant could be F.benjamina only.

Ficus Species For ID : Mumbai : 20AUG15 : AK-38 : 38/38 :  3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Ficus tree seen in a cultivated garden in Mumbai.

Ficus benjamina (syn. F.nuda).



Fruit for Id – ID11022018SH1 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)

Fruit for Id pl.
Location – Mumbai
Date – March 2013

To me it seems Ficus benjamina.

Ficus benjamina looks good

Ficus For ID : Muscat : 16MAR16 : AK-8 : 08/08 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
Ficus tree seen in a cultivated park with Orange fruits.
Ficus benjamina?

Yes, it is Ficus benjamina L. !!

Very good pictures. Ficus benjamina.

Ficus benjamina var. nuda.
Figs orange (yellow in type), leaves more acuminate and less shiny than the type.


SYMBIOSIS : 470 : Attachments (1). 9 posts by 2 authors.
Attaching an image of female of a Koel eating fruits of a Ficus sp. The leaves of the tree resembles leaves of Ficus benjamina, but the tree is small and the fruits are smaller.

efi page on Ficus benjamina

We are having Ficus benjamina at this place, but this tree is small in size and the fruits are also small in size as seen in the image

It should be Ficus kurzii King.

Thanks, … Though distribution of Ficus kurzii is shown in India as per GRIN, but not shown in Flora of China &  Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy-   Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012 as per details at Ficus

Yes sir, many of the species under commercial cultivations are not discussed in Synopsis of the Genus Ficus; since this species has distribution from Myanmar and can also be found in AJC Bose Indian Botanic Garden in Division number 2 & 6. 

As this the only image of this species so far in efi, may I request you to pl. post detailed images of this tree.


This is a introduced species at this place.The size of the tree is 10 to 12 ft high. Leaves look like Ficus benjamina.
Fruits are pea size. Attaching a collage. In case you desire more image please let me know.
Attachments (1)


Attaching another collage of the said species. Attachments (1)

Thanks, … It is difficult to make out any details from these.
If you can send original size images, than possibly we can make out something.

The images are in original size, If you want the details of the leaves, I can send.

Thanks, …, Yes- the details of figs and leaves.

For details of figs you will have to wait. Details of leaves I will send in a day or two.

Attaching four images of the plant.
I will be able to post images of fruits in due course of time.
Attachments (4)

After going through latest images (9th March, 2018), tertiary reticulate veins are not prominent, fruit is small as per … therefore species is different.
This is Ficus benjamina L. (=F. benjamina var. benjamina)

Shall we say it is a different species of Ficus benjamina?.
We are having few trees of Ficus benjamina at this place. These trees are much larger and their fruits are larger.
If desired I can upload images of Ficus benjamina.

Ficus tree for ID :: JUL2018 MK004 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Please help in identifying this Ficus tree. There are no prominent prop roots. Is this F.benjamina?
Habitat: Garden
Place: Hosur, Tamilnadu
Altitude: 900 m asl
Date: 14 June 2018 (Red fruits)
Date: 18 Aug 2017 (immature fruits)

Appears so. There are many varieties. Pl. check efi site.

Plant ID: Ficus benjamina L.

For me the ID is correct. This is a common ornamental tree.  Also used for BONSOI. There are 4 to 5 varieties. Please check & pin point the variety you have posted.

Fwd: Request for identification of Ficus species- 1: 6 posts by 1 author. Attachments (2)
This Ficus species is found in Rajnagar , Kumarghat , Unakoti district Tripura.

A request whether this is planted or in wild, need for identification.

Both Ficus 1 and 2 I sent to you are wild and they are found only in deep forests.

Closest I can go is Ficus benjamina, but this is supposed to be cultivated only.

You are right this should be Ficus benjamina L.


Re: Ficus 2 : 5 posts by 5 authors. 4 images.
Please identify

Pl. check comparative images at Ficus

Ficus benjamina,

Correct ID …!

Ficus benjamina

Ficus benjamina :: Puducherry :: 15 OCT 19 : 7 posts by 4 authors. 5 images.
Puducherry  near sea coast
Date: October 15, 2019 … Altitude range: about 0 – 3 m (0 – 10 feet) asl
Ficus benjamina  L.

the black dots on the berries are they normal or some disease?

Thanks … I think its normal. I see it in many pictures on internet. But there are clean, plain-coloured figs too.
Those familiar with figs must be able to throw some light.


Duranta erecta ‘Golden Edge’ (Duranta goldiana) from PUSA Delhi-GS18102020-2 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Duranta goldiana is recent cultivar sold under the name Duranta goldiana, becoming popular in India.
But there is no species by that name, it is actually a cultivar Duranta erecta ‘Golden Edge’ a cultivar with conspicuous yellow edged leaves
Clicked from PUSA, Delhi, 26-2-2014, where it was displayed as D. goldiana

This looks like a Cultivar of Ficus benjamina to me and not Duranta.
Please check.

I agree with …, it’s Ficus benjamina only,


Ficus benjamina ‘Éster’ : Bangalore : 05APR21 : AK-06: 2 images.
A cultivated garden plant seen in a housing complex in Bangalore.
Id credit Varun Sharma Ji.

Ficus benjamina


MS, Jan.,2022/03 Ficus sp.(kurzii?) for id.: 3 images.
Location : Dampui-ngaw, Mizoram

Altitude : ca.1,000 m
Date : 01-03-2016
Habit : Tree
Habitat : Wild

Ficus benjamina L. !

To me also appears close to images at Ficus benjamina

Flora of China says about Ficus benjamina Linnaeus:
…. leaf blade ovate to broadly elliptic, 4-8(-14) × 2-4(-8) cm, ± lea-thery, glabrous, base rounded to cuneate, margin entire, apex shortly acuminate; secondary veins 8-10 on each side of midvein, parallel, anastomosing near margin, indistinct from tertiary veins
Flora of China says about  Ficus kurzii King:
….. leaf blade lanceolate-elliptic, 5-12 × 2-5.5 cm, ± leathery, glabrous, abaxially with cystoliths, base cuneate, margin entire, apex ± acute to almost acuminate; basal lateral veins 1/4-1/3 length of leaf-blade, secondary veins 6-9 on each side of midvein, parallel, anastomosing near margin, and slightly raised on both surfaces, tertiary veins reticulate.
Do not know how true the above descriptions are.
Expert inputs are required.

Yes it is Ficus benjamina grown in gardens. Medium sized tree with spreading and thick canopy. Hypanthodium looks to be smaller may be the tree is still small

For me it looks like Ficus benjamina.

This is Ficus benjamina L. (recorded as Ficus benjamina var. nuda (Miq.) Barrett a synonymous from Mizoram)  with red receptacles.
Leaves with reticulate tertiary veins indistinct from secondary veins or absent as in shared photographs. Whereas, in F. kurzii leaves with prominent reticulate tertiary veins.


Tree for ID from Lal Bagh Bangalore-GS05022022-5: (Mixed tread): 4 very high res. images.
Please help with the ID of tree photographed from Lal Bagh Bangalore, 29-5-2015.

Appears to be some Ficus.

I think close to images at Ficus benjamina

Ficus nitida

Ficus nitida Thunb. is syn. of Ficus benjamina

This is Ficus benjamina L.

Ficus benjamina.
A common tree usually cultivated in pots and used as a house plant. There are few varieties. There is one huge huge tree in central area of Lalbagh.


Ficus benjamina for validation: 6 images.
Request for validation of Ficus benjamina from Bilaspur for validation. Photographed in March 2022.

I guess the correct ID !

Attaching images.


identify this common ficus tree species: 2 images.
pantnagar 20/1/23

Ficus benjamina ‘variegata’ !



identify this ficus species having ficus benghalensis like roots: 3 images.
20/1/23, pantnagar

Pl. check

it looks like ficus nitida ??…

Yes, the following seems possible: (syn. Ficus nitida Thunb.)



Moraceae: Ficus microcarpa L. f.: 1 image.
location/date: Chikaldara, Melghat Tiger Reserve, Amravati Distr., Maharashtra, November 1994

Plant ID: Ficus benjamina L.
Fig osteoles are round not with 3-way slits, leaf margins more recurved, leaf tips more acuminate than obtuse, fig colour yellow (never in F. microcarpa), also display image in POWO is wrong for F. benjamina its of F. microcarpa.