Grewia asiatica L., Mant. Pl. 1: 122 1767. (syn. Grewia hainesiana Hole; Grewia obtecta Wall.; Grewia subinaequalis DC.;                          (=) Microcos lateriflora L.);
India: Common in deciduous and semi evergreen forests. Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; also cultivated; Bangladesh and Sri Lanka as per BSI Flora of India;
GREW-ee-uh — named for Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712), an English physician and author
a-see-AT-ee-kuh — of or from Asia
commonly known as: phalsa • *Bengali*: ফলসা phalasa • *Gujarati*: ફાલસા phalsa • *Hindi*: फालसा phalsa • *Malayalam*: പരുഷകമരം parushakamaram • * Marathi*: पळशी palshi, फालसा phalsa • *Punjabi*: ਫਾਲਸਾ falsa • *Sanskrit*: परूषकः paroushak • *Tamil*: பலிசமரம் palicamaram • *Urdu*: پهالسا falsa
Native to: India, Nepal, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand
Large shrub or small tree with broadly ovate to almost orbicular leaves, never lobed, acute to obtuse at apex; stipules obliquely lanceolate or falcate; flowers orange-yellow, 2 cm across; sepals 1.2 cm long; stamens numerous, filaments orange-yellow turning red; fruit globose, 5-12 mm across, dark purple.
Sold as seasonal fruit in tropical and subtropical areas; fruit also used in the prepararion of pickles and beverages;

Grewia asiatica Linn. from Hooghly:
Attaching images of Grewia asiatica Linn. that we call FALSA in Bengali.

Species : Grewia asiatica Linn.
Habit & Habitat : small tree, garden
Date : 26-03-2012 & 11-04-2012
Place : Gobra (Hooghly), WB

Very good set of pictures.
There is always confusion between this one and Grewia tiliifolia
But I think you are correct here.

Yes Sir, i saw an earlier post by … featuring G. tiliifolia. But wiki says that tree is much bigger. My tree is very small, about 12 ft. high and we call it FALSA.

Plants For id/validation-01: Grewia asiatica from Panipat :  Attachments (5).  7 posts by 4 authors.
This small, spreading tree with alternate, dentate leaves and orange flowers was shot from a garden boundary in Panipat.. I hope this should be Grewia asiatica… please validate/suggest id..

Affirmative … This is Phalsa [Grewia asiatica]. Some of my photographs of this are available at this link

To me it fairly matches with G.asiatica.


Malvaceae Fortnight- Post 25:: Grewia asiatica? from Panipat: NS August 10/10 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
This medium size tree was recorded from Panipat, is this Grewia asiatica ??

Yes, more probably goes with G. asiatica

Malvaceae Fortnight- Post 26:: Grewia asiatica? from Patiala (Punjab): NS August 11/11  : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Please validate the id of this shrub seen growing at Botanical Garden of Punjabi University, Patiala (Punjab)..
Is this Grewia asiatica ??

Yes, more probably Grewia asiatica!

Small Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 05MAY17 : AK-04 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
A small tree seen in Lalbagh on the 1st of May,17.
Kindly help in id.

Some Grewia sp

Thank you so much for the suggested id.
I thought so too based on the leaves.
Unfortunately, there were no open flowers, only buds.

looks like Grewia asiatica

Thanks … I think it’s the same tree in your link, on the lane between the West Gate and Main Gate.


Falsa : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Is falsa the same as the fruit found in Maharashtra and called Kali Maina? 

No. Phalsa is some Grewia species.

Thanks for the clarification and the prompt answer.

23072011-BS-3 Id of a Shrub from Karnal roadside area:
pls id this Shrub Shot from roadside area in Panipat haryana. Yellow flowers small round fruits about 1-1.5 cm. To me it looks like Grewia

looks like Grewia tilifolia ?

Yes this is Grewia tiliaefolia

Grewia species for sure . Whether this is T. tiliaefolia or T.asiatica
need to be checked by comparing the floral/ vegetative characters for confirmation. 

I think this is Grewia asiatica
as the leaves are more or less symmetrical.
Ref … work and observations.
I am attaching  a table of comparison done earlier by me. Post No. [Efloraindia:34287]
After searching all the available literature I am convinced that the plant depicted in this mail by me (Both the sets of pictures) is Grewia tiliifolia (And not G.asiatica)
Attaching a table showing the differences compiled together.
If there are any mistakes and errors please correct me.
Agreed that it is a big tree but the species observed by me happen to be small shrub like tree which might attain huge height.—————–

Grewia tiliifolia

Grewia asiatica


G.tilaefolia; Grewia tiliifolia var. leptopetala, G.inequalis


Local Names

Dhaman; Rodgi; Sonsaman; Tadsal(BSI)

Phalsi (BSI); Phalsa

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-

Wild, common in deciduous forests

Cultivated for fruits; also found wild

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-

Large tree 3-8m (BSI) 30-35 Feet; bark pale brown (Cooke)

Large shrub or small tree (BSI; EfP)


Foliaceous (BSI); Leafy falcate, auricled with a rounded lobe on the lower side,v eined(Cooke), Leafy falcate auriculate (Brandis)

Not foliaceous, broadly ovate or suborbicular(BSI), Linear lanceolate(Cooke) Linear(Brandis) Hairy narrowly oblique-lanceolate, falcate (EfP) Linear lanceolate acute, Nearly as long as the petiole (Cooke)

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-

1.5-11.5 * 3.2-6cm (BSI) Ovate, acuminate at apex; obliquely cordate at base. Margins serrate to crenulate serrate. Glabrescent above, pubescent or tomentose beneath (BSI) 6 nerves on the leaf 3 on the larger and 2 on the smaller side of midrib (Cooke)

7.5-16 * 6-12.5cm (BSI); Ovate to orbiculate (EfP) Acute or subacuminate at apex. Obliquely cordate or rounded at base (BSI). Scabrous (rough) above, tomentose below (EfP). Both half more symmetric. (Neil) Petiole 1/2 inch long thicker at the top (Cooke)

Inflorescence Type/ Size-

Cymose (BSI) Buds obovoid oblong or subglobose, tomentose (Cooke)

Umbellate cymes (BSI) Cymes 3 flowered, peduncle2-3cm (EfP) Buds obovate oblong ribbed, pubescent (Cooke)

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-

Yellow, stamens many, Petals bifid or notched at apex or entire or slightly emarginate at apex( BSI) Petals half long as sepals, oblong spathulate entire or notched, ovary villous, style longer than stamens (Cooke)

Yellow bracteate, stamens many(BSI) Orange yellow, 2cm across, pedicel 1.5cm, Stamens numerous (EfP) Petals 2/3the length od sepals (Cooke)

Petal gland; Ovary stigma

0.5mm long (BSI) Stigma 4 lobed (EfP) gland 1/3 the length of petal, stigma somewhat irregularly 5 lobed (Cooke)

Petal gland with white hairy margins (BSI) Ovary globose, strigose, stigma indistinctly 4 lobed (EfP) Gland 1/3 the length of petal, ovary villous (Cooke)


0.5-0.7 cm across, entire or 2 lobed, sparsely hirsute (BSI)

Globose,1-2 lobed hairy (BSI)(Cooke)

Fls. And fruits



And, peduncles longer than petioles, thus G subinaequalis.

Even i guess G. ubinaequalis, but surely not G. tiliaefolia, G. asiatica, G. laviegata, G. disperma

After observing the characters again Agree with Grewia asiatica Syn G. ubinaequalis
thanks all for getting right Id

identification no130511sn2:
Kindly confirm if it is Grewia asiatica. Is it one and the same? Taken at Mulshi,Pune in April 11

Yes it is Grewia asiatica.

If it is growing wild in Western ghats it is most likely Grewia tilaefolia.
Look for foliaceous stipules

A reply from another thread (…
“Sorry I am no expert but my query dt.130511sn2 has been identified as Grewia tilaefolia. But I find the pictures with 2 types of flowers on the same plant look closer to Grewia damine. Kindly clarify. the photo was taken at Mulshi, Pune.

In G. tiliaefolia the peduncles should be shorter than petioles (here it doesn’t look so).
Most probably G. asiatica of Malvaceae family (according to “the plant list”).

Grewia asiatica. in my area it is called Falsa and the fruits are really very tasty with a sweet sour taste….


: Grewia asiatica Linn., Mant. 1:122. 1767. DC., Prodr. 1:511. 1824
syn: Grewia hainesiana Hole; Grewia subinaequalis DC. Local names
Hindi: Phalsa, dhamin, parusha, shukri
Tel: Jana, nallajana
Large shrub or small tree with broadly ovate to almost orbicular leaves, never lobed, acute to obtuse at apex; stipules obliquely lanceolate or falcate; flowers orange-yellow, 2 cm across; sepals 1.2 cm long; stamens
numerous, filaments orange-yellow turning red; fruit globose, 5-12 mm across, dark purple.
Sold as seasonal fruit in tropical and subtropical areas. Photographed from Herbal Garden, Punjabi Bagh, New Delhi

Here it is. Actually when the tree was flowering in Delhi, all older leaves had almost fallen and new were emerging along with flowers. Here is a few which were still to fall.


Fruits & Vegetables Week: Grewia asiatica, the Phalsa:
Grewia asiatica, the Phalsa, a dessert fruit also used in the prepararion of pickles and beverages.
Local names:
Hindi, Beng & Guj: Phalsa, dhamin, parusha, shukri
Mar: Phalsi
Tel: Jana, nallajana, phutiki
Tam: Palisa, tadachi
Kan: Buttiyudippe, tadasala  

Bhimashnakar report :  Attachments (2)
Visited Bhimashanakr on 30 june 2013 got some flowers.
1) Grewia asiatica 


Malvaceae Fortnight::Grewia asiaticia NSJ 24  : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Grewia asiaticia (Marathi – Phalsa) from Mumbai


Help Needed : 9 posts by 3 authors.
I need the details of cultivation of Grewia asiatica in India.
If anyone know the exact cultivation locality or cultivators number or address please pass the information. That is very much useful to me.

It seems It is being cultivated in Pakistan

It is also cultivated in our Northern Area.

It is cultivated by one farmer in his farm, mitmita village, Aurangabad (M.S.) India and i also collected from the same locality. Actually these species was described by Linnaeus from the material of surat (cultivated) but when i visited the surat Dist. and many gardens of surat i am unable to collected it from surat.

You can write to …, Professor, Agroforestry, Deptt. of Forestry, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. He may be in a position to help you as the plant is being planted in many parts of Punjab as a fruit tree.

Thanks … for your valuable help.
Can you give me more details about that farmer.

Thanks … for your effort and help.
I will contact … soon.

ID 210911 SB01: 5 images.

Unidentified tree
Location: Mumbai
Date: 170911
Description: Height – about 3 meters
Very few flowers could be observed on the tree
The leaves were chordate, with serrate margin, alternate

Looks like species of Grewia of Malvaceae family.

Atleast my guess till the family level was ok.
I had thought it might be of Tiliaceae, now Malvaceae
Could it be Grewia asiatica?
Further help needed for confirmation

or is it Grewia tiliaefolia??

… most probably Grewia tiliifolia.

I too think it to be Grewia tiliifolia.

I think these images may be of Grewia asiatica L. as Peduncles much longer than petioles as per keys in BSI Flora of India

Its very difficult to convey the species, but yes it appears to Grewia asiatica to me!!


Kindly id this Grewia species seen by me at a farm here.
A medium height tree with yellow-orange flowers.
Is it Phalsa?

This is more likely to be Dhaman [Grewia tiliaefolia] some my photographs of which are available at this link
My photographs of Phalsa [Grewia asiatica] for comparison are available at this link

Thanks for the id.

It was just a guess from me.
My knowledge about trees is limited.
If you believe this to be Dhaman, then it should be the right one.
The farm belongs to an Indian, so I found trees which we see in India.

I think these images may be of Grewia asiatica L. as Peduncles much longer than petioles as per keys in BSI Flora of India

For me, it appears to be Grewia asiatica.


Lovely arrangement of leaves : 7 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (1)
got this plant with a lovely arrangement of leaves….
pic taken in the forested areas at Narendrapur near Kolkata.

This is confusing…..Helicteres isora?

Helicteres isora for me too used as a ayurvedic medine though I don’t know the particular use

This looks more like a Grewia species to me possibly Phalsa [Grewia asiatica].

… me too have the same thought of … could be Grewia sp.

Grewia species

Grewia tiliaefolia

More likely to be Grewia asiatica L. due to short petioles.


Grewia Species For ID : Mumbai : 09AUG15 : AK-14 : 14/14 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Grewia Species seen in a garden in Mumbai.
Kindly suggest the Species id.

Grewia species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

Grewia tiliifolia vahl

Possibly Grewia orbiculata!

Thanks for suggested id. Hope to get it validated.

To me appears close to images at Grewia asiatica L.

One more species is there, Grewia orbiculata can you just check for it.

Thanks, … But looks different images at efi site.


Id please
Shrub with scabrid, serrate leaves
Rippen fruits edible,
Local Marathi name is Pitkuri
At kanakeshwar, Alibag
26Nov, 2009

Grewia tilliaefolia also called as Dhaman in Marathi. It is a medium sized tree though.

Sorry, G. tiliaefolia

If this is a shrub and the drupes are 4 lobed, then it could be Grewia
. If the drupes are 2 lobed and edible then it could be G.


Grewia orbiculata or Grewia asiatica? : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (11).

Found in Bangalore
3rd May

efi page on Grewia orbiculata & Grewia asiatica                  

Not G. orbiculata . Watch for the fruits to confirm whether it is G. asiatica (phalsa). However, this could be mostly Grewia damine (Syn. Grewia bicolor, Grewia salvifolia).

efi page on Grewia damine & Grewia asiatica

1. Leaves broad, strongly 5 or more nerved –

  • peduncles at least twice as long as petioles = orbiculata; asiatica
2. Leaves narrow, 3 nerved –
  • leaves finely pubescent above, closely hoary pubescent beneath, peduncles much longer than petioles = salvifolia
(i) leaves densely pubescent above as well as closely hoary beneath; petals notched = orbiculata
(ii) leaves sparsely pilose or pubescent or at length glabrescent above; petals entire; flower buds clavate = asiatica

Hope this resolves the issue.

I think more closer to images at Grewia asiatica L.

I think … is correct.  Fruits also have resemblance, when compared with the  pictures available on G.asiatica fruits.

July 2013 Pune
requesting identification of a medium height tree at a housing society.
big heart shaped leaves and hairy stems. no flowers or fruits were seen

… looks like species of Grewia.

Thank you … for the Id

I think close to images at Grewia asiatica L.


Herbal Garden, Punjabi Bagh, Delhi– April’10?; Chandigarh; 11th of April, 2010 : Near Khadakvasla Dam,on the outskirts of Pune; 


Requesting a tree id 130422-2: 2 high res. images.
A handsome tree with yellow flowers (petals not fused), fruits are green-white.

Please check Grewia

Pl. check comparative images in efi.

I concur with …

Pl. check comparative images at

Where did you click ? Wild or cultivated.
To me appears somewhat close to images at Grewia asiatica L.

Appears to be Grewia asiatica
I would like to know cultivated or wild.

It was growing wild


Tree For ID : Nasik : 10MAY22 : AK – 03: 4 images.
Tree seen near a river bank a couple of days ago (10.5.22).
No flowers, only round fruits.

Grewia asiatica L. ??

Yes, appears close to images at Grewia asiatica

Appears to be G. asiatica L.


Grewia asiatica L.: 8 high res. images.

Location: Sani Bheri, West Rukum, West Nepal 
Date: 30 May 2023
Elevation 900m.
Habit : Wild
Syn : Grewia subinaequalis DC.

Nepali Names: बन कपास Ban Kapaas/ भिमाल Bhimaal/ स्याल फुस्रे Syaal Phusre


Malvaceae: Grewia villosa Willd.: 1 image.
synonym: Grewia villosa B.Heyne ex Roth
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997

Is the id OK?

Not Grewia villosa

Do we have any with the inflorescence?

I think, …, this is the only image he is having.

To me appears close to images at