Grewia asiatica L., Mant. Pl. 1: 122 1767. (syn. Grewia hainesiana Hole; Grewia obtecta Wall.; Grewia subinaequalis DC.; (=) Microcos lateriflora L.);
India: Common in deciduous and semi evergreen forests. Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; also cultivated; Bangladesh and Sri Lanka as per BSI Flora of India;
GREW-ee-uh — named for Nehemiah Grew (1641-1712), an English physician and author
a-see-AT-ee-kuh — of or from Asia
commonly known as: phalsa • *Bengali*: ফলসা phalasa • *Gujarati*: ફાલસા phalsa • *Hindi*: फालसा phalsa • *Malayalam*: പരുഷകമരം parushakamaram • * Marathi*: पळशी palshi, फालसा phalsa • *Punjabi*: ਫਾਲਸਾ falsa • *Sanskrit*: परूषकः paroushak • *Tamil*: பலிசமரம் palicamaram • *Urdu*: پهالسا falsa
Native to: India, Nepal, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand
Large shrub or small tree with broadly ovate to almost orbicular leaves, never lobed, acute to obtuse at apex; stipules obliquely lanceolate or falcate; flowers orange-yellow, 2 cm across; sepals 1.2 cm long; stamens numerous, filaments orange-yellow turning red; fruit globose, 5-12 mm across, dark purple.
Sold as seasonal fruit in tropical and subtropical areas; fruit also used in the prepararion of pickles and beverages;
Grewia asiatica Linn. from Hooghly:
Species : Grewia asiatica Linn.
Habit & Habitat : small tree, garden
Date : 26-03-2012 & 11-04-2012
Place : Gobra (Hooghly), WB
Very good set of pictures.
Yes Sir, i saw an earlier post by … featuring G. tiliifolia. But wiki says that tree is much bigger. My tree is very small, about 12 ft. high and we call it FALSA.
Plants For id/validation-01: Grewia asiatica from Panipat : Attachments (5). 7 posts by 4 authors.
This small, spreading tree with alternate, dentate leaves and orange flowers was shot from a garden boundary in Panipat.. I hope this should be Grewia asiatica… please validate/suggest id..
Affirmative … This is Phalsa [Grewia asiatica]. Some of my photographs of this are available at this link
To me it fairly matches with G.asiatica.
Malvaceae Fortnight- Post 25:: Grewia asiatica? from Panipat: NS August 10/10 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
This medium size tree was recorded from Panipat, is this Grewia asiatica ??
Yes, more probably goes with G. asiatica
Yes, more probably Grewia asiatica!
Small Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 05MAY17 : AK-04 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
A small tree seen in Lalbagh on the 1st of May,17.
Kindly help in id.
Some Grewia sp
Thank you so much for the suggested id.
I thought so too based on the leaves.
Unfortunately, there were no open flowers, only buds.
looks like Grewia asiatica
Can you check if it is this one?
Thanks … I think it’s the same tree in your link, on the lane between the West Gate and Main Gate.
Falsa : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Is falsa the same as the fruit found in Maharashtra and called Kali Maina?
No. Phalsa is some Grewia species.
Thanks for the clarification and the prompt answer.
23072011-BS-3 Id of a Shrub from Karnal roadside area:
pls id this Shrub Shot from roadside area in Panipat haryana. Yellow flowers small round fruits about 1-1.5 cm. To me it looks like Grewia
looks like Grewia tilifolia ?
Yes this is Grewia tiliaefolia
Grewia species for sure . Whether this is T. tiliaefolia or T.asiatica
I think this is Grewia asiatica
And, peduncles longer than petioles, thus G subinaequalis.
Even i guess G. ubinaequalis, but surely not G. tiliaefolia, G. asiatica, G. laviegata, G. disperma
After observing the characters again Agree with Grewia asiatica Syn G. ubinaequalis
Yes it is Grewia asiatica.
If it is growing wild in Western ghats it is most likely Grewia tilaefolia.
A reply from another thread (https://groups.google.com/indiantreepix/thread/e8…
In G. tiliaefolia the peduncles should be shorter than petioles (here it doesn’t look so).
Grewia asiatica. in my area it is called Falsa and the fruits are really very tasty with a sweet sour taste….
Malvaceae Week: Grewia asiatica from Delhi : 3 images.
: Grewia asiatica Linn., Mant. 1:122. 1767. DC., Prodr. 1:511. 1824
syn: Grewia hainesiana Hole; Grewia subinaequalis DC. Local names
Hindi: Phalsa, dhamin, parusha, shukri
Tel: Jana, nallajana
Large shrub or small tree with broadly ovate to almost orbicular leaves, never lobed, acute to obtuse at apex; stipules obliquely lanceolate or falcate; flowers orange-yellow, 2 cm across; sepals 1.2 cm long; stamens
numerous, filaments orange-yellow turning red; fruit globose, 5-12 mm across, dark purple.
Sold as seasonal fruit in tropical and subtropical areas. Photographed from Herbal Garden, Punjabi Bagh, New Delhi
Here it is. Actually when the tree was flowering in Delhi, all older leaves had almost fallen and new were emerging along with flowers. Here is a few which were still to fall.
Fruits & Vegetables Week: Grewia asiatica, the Phalsa:
Grewia asiatica, the Phalsa, a dessert fruit also used in the prepararion of pickles and beverages.
Hindi, Beng & Guj: Phalsa, dhamin, parusha, shukri
Tel: Jana, nallajana, phutiki
Tam: Palisa, tadachi
Kan: Buttiyudippe, tadasala
Bhimashnakar report : Attachments (2)
Visited Bhimashanakr on 30 june 2013 got some flowers.
1) Grewia asiatica
Malvaceae Fortnight::Grewia asiaticia NSJ 24 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Help Needed : 9 posts by 3 authors.
I need the details of cultivation of Grewia asiatica in India.
If anyone know the exact cultivation locality or cultivators number or address please pass the information. That is very much useful to me.
It seems It is being cultivated in Pakistan
It is also cultivated in our Northern Area.
It is cultivated by one farmer in his farm, mitmita village, Aurangabad (M.S.) India and i also collected from the same locality. Actually these species was described by Linnaeus from the material of surat (cultivated) but when i visited the surat Dist. and many gardens of surat i am unable to collected it from surat.
You can write to …, Professor, Agroforestry, Deptt. of Forestry, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. He may be in a position to help you as the plant is being planted in many parts of Punjab as a fruit tree.
Thanks … for your valuable help.
Thanks … for your effort and help.
Description: Height – about 3 meters
Very few flowers could be observed on the tree
The leaves were chordate, with serrate margin, alternate
Looks like species of Grewia of Malvaceae family.
Atleast my guess till the family level was ok.
or is it Grewia tiliaefolia??
… most probably Grewia tiliifolia.
I too think it to be Grewia tiliifolia.
Its very difficult to convey the species, but yes it appears to Grewia asiatica to me!!
Grewia for ID : Oman : 130213 : AK-1: 8 images.
Kindly id this Grewia species seen by me at a farm here.
A medium height tree with yellow-orange flowers.
Is it Phalsa?
This is more likely to be Dhaman [Grewia tiliaefolia] some my photographs of which are available at this link
My photographs of Phalsa [Grewia asiatica] for comparison are available at this link
Thanks for the id.
It was just a guess from me.
My knowledge about trees is limited.
If you believe this to be Dhaman, then it should be the right one.
The farm belongs to an Indian, so I found trees which we see in India.
For me, it appears to be Grewia asiatica.
Lovely arrangement of leaves : 7 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (1)
This is confusing…..Helicteres isora?
Helicteres isora for me too used as a ayurvedic medine though I don’t know the particular use
This looks more like a Grewia species to me possibly Phalsa [Grewia asiatica].
… me too have the same thought of … could be Grewia sp.
More likely to be Grewia asiatica L. due to short petioles.
Grewia Species For ID : Mumbai : 09AUG15 : AK-14 : 14/14 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Grewia species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)
Grewia tiliifolia vahl
Possibly Grewia orbiculata!
Thanks for suggested id. Hope to get it validated.
To me appears close to images at Grewia asiatica L.
One more species is there, Grewia orbiculata can you just check for it.
Thanks, … But looks different images at efi site.
ID261109phk1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 6 posts by 5 authors.
Grewia tilliaefolia also called as Dhaman in Marathi. It is a medium sized tree though.
Sorry, G. tiliaefolia
If this is a shrub and the drupes are 4 lobed, then it could be Grewia
Grewia orbiculata or Grewia asiatica? : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (11).
Not G. orbiculata . Watch for the fruits to confirm whether it is G. asiatica (phalsa). However, this could be mostly Grewia damine (Syn. Grewia bicolor, Grewia salvifolia).
1. Leaves broad, strongly 5 or more nerved –
2. Leaves narrow, 3 nerved –
(i) leaves densely pubescent above as well as closely hoary beneath; petals notched = orbiculata
(ii) leaves sparsely pilose or pubescent or at length glabrescent above; petals entire; flower buds clavate = asiatica
Hope this resolves the issue.
I think more closer to images at Grewia asiatica L.
I think … is correct. Fruits also have resemblance, when compared with the pictures available on G.asiatica fruits.
July 2013 Pune
requesting identification of a medium height tree at a housing society.
big heart shaped leaves and hairy stems. no flowers or fruits were seen
… looks like species of Grewia.
Thank you … for the Id
I think close to images at Grewia asiatica L.
Request for ID : 020910-AK-2 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
phalsa – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Grewia asiatica from Delhi – efloraofindia | Google Groups
What fruit is that? – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Requesting a tree id 130422-2: 2 high res. images.
A handsome tree with yellow flowers (petals not fused), fruits are green-white.
Please check Grewia
Pl. check comparative images in efi.
I concur with …
Pl. check comparative images at
Where did you click ? Wild or cultivated.
To me appears somewhat close to images at Grewia asiatica L.
Appears to be Grewia asiatica
It was growing wild
Grewia asiatica L. ??
Yes, appears close to images at Grewia asiatica
Appears to be G. asiatica L.
Grewia asiatica L.: 8 high res. images.
Location: Sani Bheri, West Rukum, West Nepal
Date: 30 May 2023
Habit : Wild
Syn : Grewia subinaequalis DC.
Nepali Names: बन कपास Ban Kapaas/ भिमाल Bhimaal/ स्याल फुस्रे Syaal Phusre
The Plant List GRIN BSI Flora of India Flora of Pakistan Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post Flowers of India Wikipedia Wikimedia Commons Florabase – the Western Australia Flora World Agro Forestry A Dictionary, Marathi and English Tamil Lexicon [nafex] Medicinal uses of Phalsa(Grewia asiatica) Grewia asiatica (PIER species info)