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Biswas (1993)
has mentioned following species of Hypericum
in India [Section] (Distribution):

  1. Hypericum androsaemum L. (Cultivated in gardens of Darjeeling(West Bengal); Native of Europe)
  2. H. assamicum S.N. Biswas [Section 4. Hypericum] (India: Assam)
  3. H. bellum H.L.Li
    (doubtful) (China(Yunnan), mainly from type locality)
  4. H. benghalense S.N.Biswas [line diagram given] [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: West Bengal (Kalimpong); so far known from the type locality only)
  5. H. calycinum L. (Cultivated in gardens of Darjeeling (West Bengal); Native of Europe)
  6. H. choisianum Wallich ex N. Robson [line diagram given] [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: Himalayas between 2100 and 4120 m; Jammu & Kashmir(Kashmir) Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh (Garhwal) to Sikkim; Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and China(Tibet))
  7. H. cistifolium Lam. (Cultivated in gardens of Darjeeling (West Bengal); Native of eastern North America, Central America and Bahamas)
  8. H. cordifolium Choisy (cultivated) [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (Cultivated in gardens of Darjeeling and Kurseong (West Bengal). Native of Nepal)
  9. H. densiflorum Pursh (Cultivated in gardens of Darjeeling(West Bengal); Native of North America)
  10. H. dyeri Rehder [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: Himalayas from 900 to 2500 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal (Darjeeling); Pakistan, Nepal and Bhutan)
  11. H. elodeoides Choisy [line diagram given] [Section 1. Adenosepalum Spach] subsp. elodeoides (India: Himalayas from Jammu & Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya; China (Yunnan)) &  subsp. wardii N. Robson (India: Manipur (Mt. Sirohi ca 2400 m); Myanmar (Mt. Victoria between 2475 and 2700 m))
  12. H. filicaule (Dyer) N. Robson [synonym of H. monanthemum subsp. filicaule (Dyer) N. Robson] [Section 3. Brathys (Mutis ex L.f.) Choisy Subsection 1. Brathys] (India: Temperate E. Himalayas between 3500 and 4000 m. Sikkim)                       
  13. H. gaitii Haines [line diagram given] [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh)
  14. H. gracilipes Stapf ex C. Fischer [line diagram given] [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: West Bengal (Darjeeling), Sikkim, Meghalaya and Nagaland)
  15. H. gramineum G. Forster [line diagram given] [Section 3. Brathys (Mutis ex L.f.) Choisy Subsection 2. Spachium R. Keller] (India: Meghalaya; Bhutan, Vietnam, Taiwan, China (Yunnan), New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia)                       
  16. H. griffithii Hook. f. & Thomson ex Dyer [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: Arunachal Pradesh; Bhutan and China (Tibet))
  17. H. himalaicum N. Robson [Section 1. Adenosepalum Spach] (India: Himalayas from 912 to 3500 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and West Bengal(Darjeeling); Nepal and Bhutan)
  18. H. hookerianum Wight & Arn. [line diagram given] [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] var. dentatum S.N. Biswas (India: Sikkim, Meghalaya and Tamil Nadu (in Shola forests)), var. hookerianum (India: Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu (in Shola forests); Nepal, Bhutan and Mynamar) &  var. lobbii (N. Robson) S.N. Biswas, comb. et stat. nov. (India: Meghalaya (Khasi hills))
  19. H. humifusum L. [line diagram given] [Section 4. Hypericum] subsp. humifusum (Distrib. India: Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; W. & C. Europe, C. Italy, N. Albania, S. Romania and C.I.S.) & subsp. suborbiculatum S.N. Biswas(India: West Bengal(Darjeeling); Nepal)
  20. H. japonicum Thunb. ex Murray [line diagram given] [Section 3. Brathys (Mutis ex L.f.) Choisy Subsection 2. Spachium R. Keller] (India: Chiefly in Himalayas, N.E. region and Western Ghats from 800 to 2500 m. Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meg-halaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; Sri Lanka Nepal Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, N. Thailand, Vietnam, Korea, China, Taiwan and Malesia)                       
  21. H. monanthemum Hook. f. & Thomson ex Dyer [Section 1. Adenosepalum Spach] (India: In E. Himalayas, on exposed slopes between 1520 and 3850 m. West Bengal(Darjeeling), Sikkim and Assam; Nepal and Bhutan)
  22. H. monogynum L. (Cultivated in gardens of India; Native of China)
  23. H. mysurense Wight & Arn. [line diagram given] [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: In open grasslands between 800 and 2100 m. Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala)
  24. H. oblongifolium Choisy [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nepal)
  25. H. olympicum L. (Cultivated in gardens of Darjeeling(West Bengal); Native of S.E. Europe and Asia minor)
  26. H. perforatum L. [line diagram given] [Section 4. Hypericum] (India: In W. Himalayas from 1300 to 2800 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh; Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, W. Syria, C. Asia, Russia{Siberia), Europe, N. Africa; introduced in E. Asia, America and Australia)
  27. H. petiolulatum Hook. f. & Thomson ex Dyer [Section 4. Hypericum] (India: In E. Himalayas between 1800 and 2200 m. Sikkim and West Bengal (Darjeeling); Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China and Indonesia)
  28. H. podocarpoides N. Robson [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: In W. Himalaya between 1300 and 2000 m. Uttar Pradesh; Nepal)
  29. H. reptans Hook. f. & Thomson ex Dyer [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India. E. Himalayas between 2700 and 3000 m. Sikkim; Nepal, Myanmar and China (Yunnan))
  30. H. tenuicaule Hook. f. & Thomson ex Dyer [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: In E. Himalayas between 2100 and 2500 m. Sikkim, Assam and Nagaland)
  31. H. uralum Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: In Himalayas between 1500 and 3350 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal (Darjeeling), Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur and Nagaland; Nepal, Bhutan, China(Tibet, S.W. China), Myanmar, Thailand and Indonesia)                     
  32. H. wightianum Wallich ex Wight & Arn. [line diagram given] [Section 1. Adenosepalum Spach] subsp. axillare N.Robson (is a synonym of Hypericum kingdonii N.Robson) (India: Arunachal Pradesh; China) & subsp. wightianum (India: Himalayas, N.E. region and Western Ghats between 600 and 3650 m. Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal (Darjeeling), Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and KeraIa; Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand and China (Yunnan)) 
  33. H. williamsii N.Robson [Section 2. Ascyreia Choisy] (India: Sikkim; Nepal)

   

Reference:

Biswas,
S.N. 1993. Hypericaceae. In; Sharma, B.D. & Sanjappa, M. (Eds.) Flora of
India Vol 3 (Portulacaceae – Ixonanthaceae), B.S.I. Calcutta, pp. 49-85.
 
 

 
 

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution English name
Hypericum androsaemum L. Shrub Western Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Eurasia Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Nilgiri sweet-amber
Hypericum humifusum L.  Herb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grasslands Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Nilgiri Trailing St John’s Wort
Hypericum japonicum Thunb. ex Murr. Erect or Procumbent Herb Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats,  Grasslands Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni Japanese St. John’s wort, swamp hypericum 
Hypericum mysurense Heyne ex Wight & Arn.  Shrub Western Ghats, Exposed Grassy Slopes Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Theni, Tirunelveli Mysore St Johns Wort, Mysore Hypericum 
Hypericum patulum Thunb ex Murray Shrub Western Ghats, Cultivated, Native of East  Asiatic  Region Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Dindigul, Nilgiri Goldencup St. Johnswort
Hypericum uralum Buch. – Ham. ex D. Don  Shrub Western Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Eurasia Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Nilgiri St. Johnswort
Hypericum wightianum Wall. ex Wight & Arn. Herb Western Ghats, Exposed Grassy Slopes Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983 Dindigul, Nilgiri  

 

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Hypericum androsaemum Hypericaceae Tutsan
Hypericum choisyanum Hypericaceae Choisy’s St Johns Wort
Hypericum dyeri Hypericum lysimachioides Hypericaceae Dyer’s Hypericum
Hypericum elodeoides Hypericum napaulense Hypericaceae Himalayan St Johns Wort
Hypericum mysurense Norysca mysorensis Hypericaceae Mysore St Johns Wort
Hypericum oblongifolium Hypericum cernuum Hypericaceae Pendant St Johns Wort
Hypericum perforatum Hypericaceae Perforate St Johns Wort
Hypericum podocarpoides Hypericaceae Narrow-Leaved St Johns Wort

  

Some species found in India with description & keys from Flora of Pakistan (Distribution) :  

  • Hypericum choisianum Wall.
    (China (Yunnan) to W. Pakistan)
  • Hypericum dyeri Rehder (West Pakistan to Nepal)
  • Hypericum elodeoides Choisy
    (In woods and damp meadows or sometimes drier habitats (grassy slopes, track-sides, cultivation terraces), c. 1800 m in Kashmir, 1600-3500 m. elsewhere)
  • Hypericum monogynum L.
    (S.E. China, Taiwan. Cultivated in many parts of the world, including the plains of W. Pakistan)
  • Hypericum napaulense Choisy
    (W. Pakistan to Tibet, Yunnan and Burma) is a synonym of Hypericum elodeoides Choisy
  • Hypericum oblongifolium Choisy
    (Western Himalayas from Kurram to Nepal)
  • Hypericum perforatum Linn.
    (Europe and N. Africa to W. China and N.W., India (Kumaun). Introduced into E. Asia, America. Australasia and S. Africa)
  • Hypericum uralum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (Kashmir to S.W. China, Burma, Thailand and Sumatra)

  •  

    Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):

    Hypericum dyeri Rehder (Pakistan to Nepal)
    Hypericum elodeoides Choisy (Kashmir to S.W. China (Yunnan) and Burma)
    Hypericum himalaicum N. Robson (Pakistan to W. Bengal and Sikkim)
    Hypericum hookeranum Wight & Arn. (Nepal to Burma, Tibet, S. India, Thailand)
    Hypericum japonicum Thunb. ex Murray (S. India, Ceylon, Punjab to Japan, S. Korea and S.E. China, south to New Guinea, S. & S.E. Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii)
    Hypericum monanthemum Hook. f. & Thomson ex Dyer (E. Himalaya (Nepal to Assam), Burma, S. China)
    Hypericum oblongifolium Choisy (Pakistan to Nepal)
    Hypericum petiolulatum Hook. f. & Thomson ex Dyer (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), S.W. China (Yunnan), Sumatra, Borneo)
    Hypericum podocarpoides N. Robson (Himalaya (Kumaun, Nepal))
    Hypericum reptans Hook. f. & Thomson ex Dyer (E. Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim, Assam), Burma, S.W. China (Yunnan))
    Hypericum uralum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), Burma, Thailand, S. China, Sumatra)

     

    Hypericum choisyanum Wallich ex N. Robson in Nasir & Ali [Bhutan, NE India (W Bengal, Sikkim), Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan].
    Hypericum elodeoides Choisy in Candolle [Bhutan, N India (W Himalayas, Sikkim), Kashmir, W Myanmar, Nepal].
    Hypericum gramineum G. Forster [Bhutan, NE India, Papua New Guinea, Vietnam; Australia, Pacific islands (Hawaii, New Caledonia, New Zealand)].
    Hypericum hookerianum Wight & Arnott [Bangladesh, Bhutan, NE and S India, Myanmar, Nepal, N Thailand, N Vietnam].
    Hypericum japonicum Thunberg in Murray [Bhutan, Cambodia, N and S India, Indonesia (Sumatra to Irian Jaya), Japan, S
    Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand,
    Vietnam; SE Australia, Pacific islands (New Zealand)].
    Hypericum kingdonii N. Robson [NE India, N Myanmar] (syn: Hypericum wightianum Wallich ex Wight & Arnott subsp.
    axillare N. Robson.)
    Hypericum latisepalum (N. Robson) N. Robson  [NE India, N Myanmar]. (syn: Hypericum bellum subsp. latisepalum N. Robson)
    Hypericum monanthemum subsp. filicaule (Dyer) N. Robson [NE India, N Myanmar (Kachin), Nepal] (syn: Hypericum filicaule (Dyer) N. Robson)
    Hypericum monanthemum subsp. monanthemum [Bhutan, NE India (Sikkim), N Myanmar (Kachin), Nepal].
    Hypericum monogynum Linnaeus [Japan (naturalized); widely cultivated in S Africa, E and S Asia, Australia,
    Central America, N and W Europe, Mauritius, and the West Indies].
    Hypericum patulum Thunberg in Murray [cultivated widely in gardens and naturalized in Japan, India, South Africa,
    and elsewhere].
    Hypericum perforatum Linnaeus [NW India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russia; NW Africa, SW to C Asia,
    Atlantic islands, Europe (except extreme N); introduced into many parts of the
    world].
    Hypericum petiolulatum subsp. petiolulatum [Bhutan, NE India, N Myanmar, Nepal].
    Hypericum sampsonii Hance [S Japan, E Myanmar, N Vietnam].
    Hypericum uralum Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don [Bhutan, NE India, N Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan].
    Hypericum wightianum Wallich ex Wight & Arnott [Bhutan, India (NE and Tamil Nadu), N Laos, N Myanmar, Sri Lanka, N Thailand].


     
    Hypericum: The genus Hypericum edited by Edzard Ernst (2003)


     

    Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993-

    Hypericum elodeoides,

    H. griffithii Hook. f. & Thomson ex Dyer,

    Hypericum hookerianum,

    Hypericum humifusum L.,

    Hypericum japonicum,

    Hypericum lysimachioides Wall. (syn. of Hypericum dyeri Rehder),

    Hypericum monanthemum,

    Hypericum napaulense Choisy is a synonym of Hypericum elodeoides Choisy

    Hypericum patulum Thunb.,

    Hypericum petiolulatum,

    Hypericum reptans &

    Hypericum tenuicaule)


     

    Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999-

    Hypericum mysorense &

    Hypericum perforatum)


     

    An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details –

    Hypericum japonicum)


     

    Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002- Details with keys-

    Hypericum gaitii Haines,

    Hypericum japonicum,

    Hypericum mysorense)



    1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett

    (Hypericum japonicum var. major– Tamilnadu)


     
    Hypericum : 1 post by 1 author.

    I have updated eFI page on Hypericum

    Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

    Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links. On clicking them will show all the details.

    Any comments are welcome


    I have added list of Indian species of Hypericum as mentioned in Flora of India vol-3.
    Names of species in other web resources as mentioned on the genus page indicate that H. scabrum is not mentioned in Flora of India, H. napaulense is synonym of H. elodeoides and H. patulum is neither in Flora of India nor in The Plant List 2013.


    Thanks a lot, …, However, Hypericum patulum Thunb. is mentioned in the Plant List.


    Further updated eFI page on Hypericum (Pl. click)


    Fwd: Key to Hypericum of Chakrata : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)-  Key to Hypericum of Chakrata.jpg

    Pl. go through Hypericum (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Hypericaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

    If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


    Thank you … for the systematic compilation.


     

     
     
     

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