Justicia procumbens Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 15. 1753. (Syn: Ecbolium procumbens (Linnaeus) Kuntze; Justicia hayatae Yamamoto var. decumbens Yamamoto; J. procumbens var. hirsuta Yamamoto; J. procumbens var. linearifolia Yamamoto; Rostellularia procumbens (Linnaeus) Nees; R. procumbens var. hirsuta (Yamamoto) S. S. Ying; R. procumbens var. linearifolia (Yamamoto) S. S. Ying; R. trichochila Miquel.) as per Flora of China;
.
Justicia procumbens subsp. procumbens (syn: Ecbolium procumbens (L.) Kuntze; Justicia hirtella Wall.; Justicia japonica Thunb.; Justicia media R. Br.; Justicia micrantha Wall.; Justicia procumbens f. japonica (Thunb.) H.Hara; Justicia procumbens var. leucantha Honda; Ptyssiglottis sarmentosa Boerl.; Rostellaria adenostachya Nees; Rostellaria japonica (Thunb.) Carr.; Rostellularia adenostachya Nees; Rostellularia cradengensis Bremek.; Rostellularia elegans Bremek.; Rostellularia japonica (Thunb.) J.L. Ellis; Rostellularia juncea Nees; Rostellularia media Nees; Rostellularia mollissima Nees; Rostellularia neglecta Bremek.; Rostellularia procumbens (L.) Nees; Rostellularia procumbens f. alboflora J.L.Liu; Rostellularia sarmentosa Zoll. ex Nees; Rostellularia sundana Bremek.; Rostellularia trichochila Miq.; Rungia sarmentosa (Zoll.) Val.) as per Catalogue of Life;
.
China (from the southern area of Qinling mts; eastward to Jiangsu; southward to Guangdong, west southward to Yunnan), Tibet, Taiwan, Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu), South Korea, Ryukyu Isl., Seychelles (I), Java, India (throughout), Sri Lanka, Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia, Myanmar [Burma] (Chin, Kachin, Sagaing), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch), Laos, Philippines (Batanes, Luzon to Mindanao),
Singapore (I), Maldives, Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives)
as per Catalogue of Life;
.
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details with Keys)
.
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004- Details with Keys)
.
.
jus-TEE-see-ah
— named for James Justice, Scottish botanist and horticulturist
pro-KUM-benz — lying along the ground
.
commonly known as: waterwillow • Konkani: घाटी पित्तपापड ghati pitpapad • Marathi: कलमाशी kalmashi, माशी mashi, पित्तपापडा pitpapada • Tamil: ஆரம் arm, கந்தேறு knteyu, கோடகசாலை kotakacalai, குக்குரம் kukkurm
.
Native to: China, eastern Asia, Indian subcontinent, Malesia
.
Leaves ovate or elliptic, oblong, 1-3.5×0.8-2cm, acute, entire, glabrous or sparsely hairy; petioles 1.5-3cm long. Flowers pale-purple, in axillary and terminal, 1-3cm long, compact, racemose spikes; bracts linear, lanceolate, hairy, ciliate; bracteoles linear, hairy, narrower. Calyx 3-4mm long, deeply 4-partite; segments unequal, linear, subacute or acute. Corolla 4-6mm long, hairy outside, 2-lipped. Stamens 2, attached to the upper part of corolla; anthers unequally placed. Ovary tip and style base hairy. Capsules 3-4mm long, oblong, hairy at the top. .
.

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Family: Acanthaceae
Loc.: Daejeon, S. Korea
Date: 09/10/11


Agreed. Photographed in my forest at Shahapur in July & August this year.


Justicia procumbens
Acanthaceae.
Oh you have spotted it in S.Korea…….. Interesting.
Very common in Western Maharashtara. Attaching my recent pictures taken from Mahabaleshwar in a separate thread.


weeds are soooo useful… three types of butterflies?
is it just nectar source or larva food too!! ????



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Justicia procumbens:  Justicia procumbens
Family : Acanthaceae
Mahabaleshwar Oct 2011


The butterfly is the Angled Pierrot.



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identification no 171111sn2:    This has been tentatively identified as Justicia sp.. Generally Justicia procumbens are pink, though I found a few white sp. on the net. Could this be Justicia procumbens or otherwise. Kindly validate. Taken at Mulshi, Pune in Sept.


White flowered forms are quite common among the population. So better consider it as a variant



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justicia procumbens:
justicia procumbens,
mahabeleshwar



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Kas Week :: DV :: 28 SEP 08 – 1214 :: ¿ Rostellularia procumbens ?: Kas plateauabout 4000 ft asl
… one of the 39 World Heritage sites in the Western Ghats of India

ID please; not sure whether I can differentiate Rostellularia procumbens from Justicia procumbens.
Date/Time: September 28, 2008 at 12.14pm
Habit: herb, about 20 cm tall
Habitat: lateritic plateau among other small herbs and grass

Rostellularia procumbens for me too …
But while searching came across two things (link) which might be useful to some
1: Website holding some information about Antibiotics from flowering plants [http://www.bifcpresidency.tn.gov.in/justicidin_A.html]
2. Regarding Taxonomy of the plant – Both the names of the plant a.Rostellularia procumbens Nees and b.Justicia procumbens L. are kept under unresolved category by The Plant list website (http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-2329315)



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Plz id this herb: pa14 – 28oct2012:
Another herb from Yeoor for id. It is a very short herb upto 1 foot high only and the flowers are also quite small.


Species of Justicia, probably J. simplex.


I have labelled this species as Justicia procumbens L.. in my collection. Rostellularia procumbens Nees may be a synonym [the plant list]
This genera is a taxonomic minefield and therefore additional views are welcome.
I will add that in the field it’s difficult to make out whether the calyx is 4 or 5 partite due to reasons I will not go into here.



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ID-30062013-PR-1 : Attachments (6).  2 posts by 2 authors.
Plants from gujarat

this is justicia sp
habit herb
habitat wild



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Wild Herb For ID : Lonavala : 300713 : AK-3 :  Attachments (1). 4 posts by 2 authors.
A small herb seen growing wild at Karla, near Lonavala on 29/7/13.
Kindly id.


…  looks Justicia sp. may be J. procumbens


Justicia procumbens



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Requesting to please ID this plant captured at Lohagad near Pune in August 2013.
Can this be Justicia procumbens???

This is the Common Small Justicia [Justicia procumbens]. Please check this link 



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Weed : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).

I have been meaning to ask about this ground hugging plant with tiny flowers which has been flowering for about five weeks now. Please help with the ID.
19 September 2014
Flowers smaller than a centimetre.
Plant not more than 5 cm off the ground.

Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP

Most probably Justicia procumbens..


Thank you … I am most grateful. Justicia procumbens (Water willow)



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Satara, Oct 2014 :: Requesting ID :: ARKNOV-43 : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Requesting to please provide ID of this Acanthaceae member captured near Satara, Maharashtra in October 2014.
Is this Justicia procumbens? These pics were clicked at different locations.


The photographs uploaded by … are different species from different families which have been wrongly uploaded as Acanthaceae. I request that upload them separately so that their identification can suggested properly.


agree with …


Apologies for the same, I was not aware that they are different.
Uploading pics that I think belong to the same plant, the other I will upload separately.
Attachments (3)


pls check J. simplex also.


Yes, It is Justicia procumbens


Thank you … for the feedback…
I looked at other uploads in the efi database as well and this  resembled J. procumbens
I take it that this is J. procumbens, the spikes being less than 4 cm in height.



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ANFEB33 Justicia sp. for identification : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (10)

Family: Acanthaceae
Date: 9th January 2015
Place: Aralam
WLS
Habit: Herb


It looks to me Justicia japonica Thunb (=Justicia simplex D. Don)


Thank you … Could you please point out what in the photos decides it as J. japonica?


It is Justicia procumbens L. of Acanthaceae



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Herb from Ajinkyatara (Satara).
Justicia procumbens (Acanthaceae family)


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Acanthaceae Fortnight ANMAR21/42 Justicia sp. for identification : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)

Family: Acanthaceae
Date: August 2014
Place: Makalidurga, Karnataka
Habit: Herb
Habitat: Scrub forest


Justicia micrantha (Oerst.) V.A.W.Graham,


Please tell me the specific identifying features of J. micrantha sir.


efi page on Justicia micrantha


It looks like Justicia procumbens



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Acanthaceae fortnight SN 10 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Justicia procumbens L., diffuse herb from Coorg area of Karnataka



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Acanthaceae Week: Justicia procumbens from Chakrata for validation-GSMAR21/22 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Justicia procumbens photographed from Chakrata, kindly validate

Justicia procumbens



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Posted earlier, identified by …

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Acanthaceae Fortnight : Justicia procumbens : Karla,Lonavala : 30MAR15 : AK-23 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Pictures taken on 29/7/13.
Posted earlier, identified by …


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Attached are pictures of Justicia procumbens captured at Ooty, 9th Mile Meadows in November 2013.
Requested to validate the ID.


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Attached are pictures of Justicia procumbens captured at Rajgad in September 2014.
Requested to validate the ID.


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Attached are pictures of Justicia procumbens captured at SGNP in August 2013 and 2014.
Requested to validate the ID.


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ACANTHACEAE FORTNIGHT:: Justicia procumbens for validation from Morni:: NS MARCH 18/18 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
This is a small glandular herb.. please confirm the id, I hope this can be Justicia procumbens..

Thanks, … May I request you pl. check the keys at Species with description & keys in Flora of Pakistan


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¿ Rostellularia ?
The spike could be measuring about 6 – 7 cm; the flower about 2 mm across.
along Saphale Ghat on September 28, 2009 

Thanks, … Doesn’t it look like Justicia procumbens, you already posted though I may be wrong ?


Thanks … It does look like Justicia procumbens.
But I am not sure whether I am mixing with Rostellularia crinita syn. Justicia micrantha.

Rostellularia crinita & Justicia micrantha are syn. of Justicia neesii as per Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004- Details with Keys)
Pl. check the keys at An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)


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Justicia ¿ procumbens ?
The tiny-flowered Justicia has confused me often; taking opportunity of this fortnight to get most of my sightings for validation. Some of the photo sets may prove insufficient for validation.
along NH3 near Padgha, Thane on July 14, 2007

I think keys in the following link with local flora may settle the issue.
Bracts (?) here appears to be spiny.


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Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Justicia procumbens FOR VALIDATION :: SGNP :: DVMAR64/75 : 4 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.

Justicia ¿ procumbens ?
The tiny-flowered Justicia has confused me often; taking opportunity of this fortnight to get most of my sightings for validation. Some of the photo sets may prove insufficient for validation.
at Sanjay Gandhi National Park on August 26, 2007 

I think keys in the following link with local flora may settle the issue.
Bracts (?) here appears to be spiny


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Justicia ¿ procumbens ?
The tiny-flowered Justicia has confused me often; taking opportunity of this fortnight to get most of my sightings for validation. Some of the photo sets may prove insufficient for validation.
at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary on August 16, 2008 

I think keys in the following link with local flora may settle the issue.
Bracts (?) here appears to be spiny


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Acanthaceae Fortnight :: Justicia procumbens FOR VALIDATION :: Koraigad :: DVMAR66/77 : 4 posts by 2 authors. 2 images.

Justicia ¿ procumbens ?
The tiny-flowered Justicia has confused me often; taking opportunity of this fortnight to get most of my sightings for validation. Some of the photo sets may prove insufficient for validation.
at Koraigad on October 8, 2011 

I think the keys in the following link with local flora may settle the issue.
Bracts (?) here appears to be spiny.



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ACANTHACEAE FORTNIGHT:: Justicia procumbens for confirmation from Chakrata:: NS MARCH 06/06 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
This herbaceous plant was recorded from Chakrata area, quite common in the area, please suggest if this rightly identified as Justicia procumbens

Me too keen on knowing the ID …
I am getting confused with J. procumbens and J. micrantha.


efi pages on Justicia procumbens & Justicia neesii (syn. J. micrantha)



 

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Justicia sp ABAUG01/19 : 8 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.
I think … had helped point it out to me as a Justicia sp. when he visited Dharamshala last year.
Please advise if we can ascertain the species.
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
1800m
17 August 2015

I hope Justicia procumbens.


Thank you … I was confused between J. procumbens and Rostellularia crinita.
How does one differentiate them?

efi pages on Justicia procumbens &  Justicia neesii (syn. Justicia micrantha; Rostellularia crinita)


Looks me too Justicia procumbens



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Flower for Id-ID26102015SH2 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Old picture of flower for Id pl.
Location – Kaas Plateau
Date- 13.09.2009

Habitat –Wild

Rostellularia difusa?


Justicia procumbens
Acanthaceae


Is Rostellularia diffusa synonym of Justicia procumbens ? or is there another species as Justicia diffusa?


efi pages on Justicia diffusa (syn: Rostellaria diffusa (Willd.) Nees) & Justicia procumbens   


Justicia procumbens and Rostellularia diffusa are two different species.
And yeah Rostellularia difusa is a synonym of Justicia diffusa. It is Justicia species for sure.


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Justicia procumbens (accepted name) ??? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (10)
Sharing some pictures I guess is Justicia procumbens (accepted name) shot at Pashupati Forest Kathmandu Nepal today at 4400 ft.
But color of flower is rather light, so it may be different one??

I think matches with images at Justicia procumbens L.


बिसाउने झार Bisaaune Jhaar / खुर्सानी झार Khursaani Jhaar / फुली झार Phuli Jhaar




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Tiny Herb for ID : Lalbagh, Bangalore : 050618 : AK-1 : 16 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Tiny herb seen growing wild in the grass at Lalbagh Botanical Garden, Bangalore in April.


Thanks … for your prompt response. I will check.



Justicia sp. ??


It is some Acanthaceae member. Flowers not clear to tell


It is justicia procumbens only


I also agree with …, for its id as Justicia procumbens

One of my similar looking post from the same location, Lalbagh, Bangalore was suggested as  Justicia micrantha by …
Experts, kindly advise.

Justicia micrantha Wall.  is synonym for Justicia procumbens subsp. procumbens as per catalogue of life

Many thanks for your prompt reply and also for clearing my doubts.


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at Borghat, Mumbai-Pune old highway- 15th August 2009; on 23-8-09 at SGNP-Kanheri Trail-Mumbai; Bannarghatta Forest-17-09-09; Goa on 29/9/09; on Kas plateau Satara in Sep 2009; at Khandala in September, 2009; 16th of September, 2010- Lonavala, Maharashtra; 05.11.2010- BHAGAMANDALA, KODAGU, KARNATAKA, 2875 FT;

Justicia Procumbens + GRIN – Google Search


Request for IB Borghat 5 – indiantreepix | Google Groups


indiantreepix | Google Groups


Wild Flower for ID-250909-RK – indiantreepix | Google Groups

         

Requesting for verification: 11112010 ASP 03 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Request for ID : 131110-AK-3 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
For ID- Khandala – efloraofindia | Google Groups
ID request.. – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Justicia procumbens ? – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Is this justica glauca – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Justicia procumbens vs Rostellularia crinata syn. Justicia micrantha – indiantreepix | Google Groups



References:
Biodiversity In India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (Description) (Rostellularia procumbens (L.) Nees with Justicia procumbens L. as syn.- 2006) 

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