Justicia adhatoda L. (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg))

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Justicia aurea Schltdl. (Images by Raghu Ananth & Aarti Khale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia betonica L. (Images by Dinesh Valke & Muthu Karthick (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia brandegeeana Wassh. & L.B.Sm. (Images by Nidhan Singh & Alka Khare (Validated by Surajit Koley & Bimal Sarkar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia candicans (Nees) L.D.Benson (Images by Siva, Alka Khare, Raghu Ananth & Aarti Khale, Identified/  Validated by Giby Kuriakose & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia carnea Lindl. (Images by Aarti Khale & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia concinna J. R. I. Wood
(Images by Dinesh Valke & Sushant More, Identified/  Validated by (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia crenatifolia J. R. I. Wood (Images by Dinesh Valke & Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia diffusa Willd. (Images by Anurag N. Sharma, Identified A. Lalithamba (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia fulvicoma Schltdl. & Cham. (Images by Alka Khare, Identified by Shrikant Ingalhalikar (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia gendarussa Burm. f. (Images by J.M.Garg (Identified by Vijayasankar Raman) & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia glabra K.D.Koenig ex Roxb. (Images by Muthu Karthick (Indentified by P. Santhan & Gunadayalan Gnanasekaran) & Anurag N. Sharma (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia glauca Rottler (Images by J.M.Garg)


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Justicia heyneana J. R. I. Wood, nom, nov. (Images by Prashant Awale, Validated by Tanay Bose (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia neesii Ramamoorthy (Images by P. Santhan, Alok Mahendroo, Satish Phadke & Nidhan Singh, Indentified/ Validated by Satish Pardeshi & Giby Kuriakose (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia nilgherrensis (Nees) Wall. ex C.B.Clarke (Images by A. Lalithamba & Vijayasankar Raman (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Justicia%20nilgherrensis.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_0131Justicia%20nilgherensis.JPG

 (Images by J.M.Garg, Validated by Dinesh Valke)

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Justicia plumbaginifolia J.Jacq. (Images by Anurag N Sharma, Identified E.S. Santhosh Kumar (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia procumbens L.

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Justicia prostrata ( Roxb. ex C.B.Clarke ) Gamble (Images by Anurag N Sharma, Identified/  Validated by A. Laithamba & Binu Thomas (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia pubigera (Nees) C.B. Clarke (Images by Balkar Singh & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Justicia quinqueangularis J. Koenig ex Roxb. ? (Images by Prashant Desai, Identified by Giby Kuriakose (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia santapaui Bennet (Images by Anurag N. Sharma (Identified/  Validated by Dinesh Valke & Navendu), Prashant Awale & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by Anurag N. Sharma &  J.M.Garg))

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(Images by Balkar Singh, Nayan Singh, Dinesh Valke & Mohina Macker (Indentified by A. Lalithamba, Nayan Singh & J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia spicigera Schltdl (Images by D.S.Rawat, Gurcharan Singh & Renee (Identified by D.S.Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia tranquebariensis Roxb. (Images by Ranjini Kamath (Identified by Muthu Karthick & Vijayasanakar Raman), P. Santhan, Padmanabhan Geetha (Identified by E S SANTHOSH KUMAR) & B. Rathinasabapathy (Identified by KM Prabhu Kumar & Vijayasanakar Raman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia trinervia Vahl (Images by J.M.Garg (Validated by Shrikant Ingalhalikar & Vijayasankar Raman) & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Justicia%20nilgherrensis-1.jpg

 

Justicia vahlii Roth (Images by Sourav Mahmud, Identified by Suarjit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

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Justicia vasculosa (Nees) T.Anders. (Images by M Sawmliana (Idby JRI Wood) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)

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Justicia wynaadensis (Nees) Heyne ex T.And.  Images by Prashant Awale (Identified by Prabhu kumar KM) & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg)

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Justicia
species in India:

  1. Justicia adhatoda L.
  2. Justicia andamanica (Vasudeva Rao) Vasudeva Rao
  3. Justicia anfractuosa C.B.Clarke
  4. Justicia apiculata (Bedd.) J.R.I.Wood
  5. Justicia assamica C.B.Clarke
  6. Justicia atkinsoni T.Anderson
  7. Justicia aurea Schltdl. (Cultivated)
  8. Justicia beddomei (C.B.Clarke) Bennet
  9. Justicia betonica L. [var. betonica; var. ramosissima (Roxb.) C.B.Clarke; var. villosa C.B.Clarke]
  10. Justicia brandegeeana Wassh & L.B.Sm. (cultivated)
  11. Justicia burkilliana J.Bhattacharya apud J.Bhattacharya & Vollesen
  12. Justicia candicans (Nees) L.B.Benson (Cultivated)
  13. Justicia carnea Lindl. (Cultivated)
  14. Justicia concinna J.R.I.Wood
  15. Justicia craibii W.W.Sm.
  16. Justicia crenatifolia J.R.I.Wood
  17. Justicia diffusa Willd. [var. diffusa; var. hedyotifolia (Nees) C.B.Clarke]
  18. Justicia ekakusuma Pradeep & Sivar.
  19. Justicia ellisii Karthik. & Moorthy
  20. Justicia eudoxa J.R.I.Wood
  21. Justicia flagelliformis C.B.Clarke
  22. Justicia fulvicoma Schltdl. & Cham. (Cultivated)
  23. Justicia gendarussa Burm.f.
  24. Justicia glabra K.D.Koenig ex Roxb.
  25. Justicia glauca Rottler
  26. Justicia grossa C.B.Clarke
  27. Justicia heterocarpa T.Anderson
  28. Justicia heterocarpoides Blatt.
  29. Justicia heyneana J.R.I.Wood [var. saldanhae (Mascar. & Janarth.) J.R.I.Wood]
  30. Justicia himalayensis (C.B.Clarke) J.R.I.Wood
  31. Justicia japonica Thunb.
  32. Justicia khasiana C.B.Clarke [synonym of Justicia mollissima (Nees) Y.F.Deng & T.F.Daniel]
  33. Justicia latior (Nees) J.R.I.Wood [subsp. longifolia (Nees) J.R.I.Wood; var. anamalayana (Chandrab. & V.Chandras.) J.R.I.Wood
  34. Justicia latispica (C.B.Clarke) Gamble
  35. Justicia madurensis Burm.f. [synonym of Dyschoriste madurensis (Burm.f.) Kuntze]
  36. Justicia mastersii (T.Anderson) J.R.I.Wood
  37. Justicia meghalayana J.R.I.Wood
  38. Justicia nagpurensis V.A.W.Graham
  39. Justicia neesiana (Wall. ex Nees) T.Anderson
  40. Justicia neesii Ramamoorthy
  41. Justicia nepalensis V.A.W.Graham
  42. Justicia nilgherrensis (Nees) Wall. ex C.B.Clarke
  43. Justicia notha C.B.Clarke
  44. Justicia orbiculata Wall. ex T.Anderson
  45. Justicia pathanamthittiensis Remadevi & Binojk.
  46. Justicia parviflora Retz.
  47. Justicia pectinata L.
  48. Justicia peploides (Nees) T.Anderson [synonym of Justicia quinqueangularis K.D.Koenig ex Roxb.]
  49. Justicia plumbaginifolia J.Jacq. (syn: Beloperone plumbaginifolia Nees) (Cultivated?)
  50. Justicia procumbens L.
  51. Justicia prostrata (Roxb. ex C.B.Clarke) Gamble
  52. Justicia pubigera (Nees) C.B.Clarke
  53. Justicia punduana (Nees) C.B.Clarke
  54. Justicia quadrifaria (Nees) T.Anderson
  55. Justicia quinqueangularis J.Koenig ex Roxb.
  56. Justicia ramamurthyi Karthik. & Moorthy
  57. Justicia repens L.
  58. Justicia salicifolia T.Anderson
  59. Justicia salsoloides T.Anderson
  60. Justicia santapaui Bennet
  61. Justicia simplex D.Don [synonym of Justicia japonica Thunb.]
  62. Justicia sivdasanii Sunil, K.M.P.Kumar & Naveen Kum.
  63. Justicia spicigera Schltdl. (Cultivated)
  64. Justicia stolonifera (C.B.Clarke) B.Hansen
  65. Justicia sumatrana (Miq.) Kurz
  66. Justicia tinctoriella Bennet & Raizada [syn. J.colorifera V.A.W.Graham](Cultivated)
  67. Justicia tranquebariensis L.f.
  68. Justicia trinervia Vahl [synonym of Justicia betonica L.]
  69. Justicia tukuchensis V.A.W.Graham
  70. Justicia vahlii Roth [var. vahlii; var. rupicola (J.L.Ellis) Karthik. & Moorthy
  71. Justicia vallis-silentiosae J.R.I.Wood
  72. Justicia vasculosa (Nees) T.Anderson
  73. Justicia virgata T.Anderson
  74. Justicia wightiana (Nees) J.R.I.Wood
  75. Justicia wynaadensis (Nees) T.Anderson

References:

  1. Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp.277.
  2. Wood, J.R.I. 2014. New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae. Novon 23(3): 385-395.
  3. Sunil, C.N., Prabhukumar, K.M., Kumar, V.V.N., Hareesh, V.S. and Baiju, E.C. 2015. Kew Bull. 70:55
  4. eFI page

 


.

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Justicia
adhatoda
L.
Shrub Plains,
Cultivated
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All districts
Justicia beddomei (Clarke) Bennet Shrub Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Kanniya kumari, Viluppuram
 
Justicia betonica L. Shrub Plains
to Mid Altitude, Open  Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
Justicia diffusa Willd. var. diffusa Herb Deciduous
to Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
 
Justicia diffusa Willd. var. hedyotidifolia (Nees) Clarke Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen
Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul,
Nilgiri, Kanniya kumari, Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai
 
Justicia diffusa Willd. var. orbiculata (Wall. ex T.And.) Clarke (syn. of Justicia orbiculata Wall. ex T.Anderson) Under shrub Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen
Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Dindigul,
Nilgiri, Salem
 
Justicia gendarussa Burm.f   Under shrub Plains,
Cultivated, Native of Malaysian
Region
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
Justicia glabra Koen.ex Roxb. Herb Plains,
Moist Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Coimbatore,
Kanchee puram , Madurai, Nilgiri, Salem, Tirunelveli, Viluppuram
 
Justicia glauca Rottl. Herb Plains,
Dry Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
Justicia japonicaThunb. Herb Moist
Deciduous to Evergreen Forests 
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Erode, Kanniya kumari, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni,
Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai, Vellore, Viluppuram, Virudhu nagar
 
Justicia latispica (Clarke) Gamble Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957, Viswa nathan & Laksh manan 1991
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Madurai, Nilgiri, Salem, Tirunelveli
 
Justicia neesii Ramam. Herb Dry
Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dharmapuri,
Salem,  Tiruvanna malai
 
Justicia nilgherrensis (Nees) Wall. ex T.
And.
Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests, Grass lands
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri, Tiruvanna malai 
 
Justicia procumbens L. Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests, Open areas
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Madurai, Namakkal, Nilgiri,
Tirunelveli
Justicia prostrata (Roxb. ex Clarke) Gamble Herb Plains, Moist Localities Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
 
Justicia salsoloides T. And. Under shrub Plains,
Dry Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Tirunelveli  
Justicia santapaui Bennet Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Nilgiri
 
Justicia simplex D. Don is a synonym of Justicia japonica Thunb.  Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests, Open areas
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dharmapuri,
Dindigul, Namakkal, Salem, Tirunelveli, Viluppuram
 
Justicia tranquebariensis L.f. Under shrub Plains,
Dry Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
Justicia trinervia Vahl Herb Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri
 
Justicia vahlii Roth Strag gling
Herb
Eastern
Ghats, Exposed Hill Slopes
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Tiruvanna malai,
Vellore
 
Justicia wynaadensis (Nees) Heyne ex T.And. Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri
 

 
 
 
 
Justicia madurensis BURM.F.  [synonym of Dyschoriste madurensis (Burm.f.) Kuntze]
 
 
 
 
 

.
Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Justicia adhatoda Adhatoda vasica, Adhatoda zeylanica Acanthaceae Malabar Nut
Justicia aurea Acanthaceae Yellow Jacobinia
Justicia betonica Acanthaceae Squirrel Tail
Justicia brandegeana Acanthaceae Shrimp Plant
Justicia carnea Acanthaceae Pink Jacobinia
Justicia gendarussa Gendarussa vulgaris, Adhatoda subserrata Acanthaceae Gandarusa
Justicia glauca Acanthaceae Glaucous Justicia
Justicia procumbens Acanthaceae Water Willow
Justicia pubigera Peristrophe pubigera, Justicia edgeworthii, Rhaphidospora ciliata Acanthaceae Foldwing Justicia
Justicia santapaui Justicia montana, Justicia andersonii Acanthaceae Santapau’s Justicia
Justicia spicigera Jacobinia spicigera, Justicia ghiesbreghtiana, Justicia sidicaro Acanthaceae Mexican Honeysuckle
Justicia trinervia Acanthaceae Three Nerved Squirrel Tail
Justicia wynaadensis Adhatoda wynaadensis, Ecbolium wynadense, Gendarussa wynaadensis Acanthaceae Wayanad Justicia

.

.
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details with keys

.
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000- Details with keys

.
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004- Details with keys
Justicia simplex D. Don is a synonym of Justicia japonica Thunb.
Justicia neesii Ramamoorthy,

.
Aquatic and Semi-aquatic Plants of the Lower Ganga Delta: Its Taxonomy … By Kumudranjan Naskar (1990- Details with keys)-
Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Chhatarpur and Damoh By G. P. Roy, B. K. Shukla, Bhaskar Datt (Description & Keys-
Justicia simplex D. Don is a synonym of Justicia japonica Thunb.

.

.
A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 12 By M. D. Dassanayake (1998- Details with keys)-
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett
(Justicia salsoloides T.Anderson- Karnataka)

.
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986- p. 152 & 153-

.
As per efi thread:
J. trinervia and J. betonica are two distinct species: the former is generally a low-lying procumbent herb with narrow leaves, whereas the latter species is a taller, erect herb/subshrub/shrub reaching 2 m high, with ovate-lanceolate leaves. (nevertheless, the bracts are similar-looking: scarious with green nerves in both the species);


.

Justicia : 2 posts by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Justicia

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other databases.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments are welcome.


.

Justicia has proved to be a troublesome genus as can be seen in numerous postings during Acanthaceae fortnight.
After going through details etc. available on net & compiling at Justicia, I feel all the members should go through the keys here & correctly identify their species & post them on efi for benefit of all the members.
Some links which may be useful are as below:
For North:
For East & North East:

.

FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S. Karthikeyan, M. Sanjappa and S. Moorthy and published by BSI, Kolkata in 2009 is an important document for names, authority and distribution of Acanthaceae species in India.
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Rungia occur in India:
  1. Rungia apiculata Bedd. [var. apiculata; var. compta] – (both syn. of Justicia apiculata (Bedd.) J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceaeby John R. I. Wood (2014))
  2. R. crenata T. Anderson (Syn. of Justicia crenatifolia J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  3. R. elegans Dalzell & A. Gibson (Syn. of Justicia concinna J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  4. R. himalayensis C.B. Clarke (Syn. of Justicia himalayensis (C. B. Clarke) J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  5. R. khasiana T. Anderson (Syn. of Justicia meghalayana J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  6. R. laeta C.B. Clarke (Syn. of Justicia eudoxa J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  7. R. linifolia Nees (Syn. of Justicia heyneana J. R. I. Wood, nom, nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  8. R. longifolia Nees & Arn. ssp. latior (Nees) L.H. Cramer [var. latior; var. anamalayana] ( (a) Justicia latior subsp. longifolia (Nees) J. R. I. Wood, comb & stat. nov. Basionym: Rungia longifolia Nees in Hook., non Justicia longifolia G. Forst. (b) Justicia latior (Nees) J. R. I. Wood var. latior. Syn: Rungia longifolia var. latifolia Wight ex C. B. Clarke (c) Justicia latior var. anamalayana (Chandrab. & V. Chandras.) J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. Basionym: Rungia latior Nees var. anamalayana Chandrab. & V. Chandras.) as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  9. R. mastersii T. Anderson (Syn. of Justicia mastersii (T. Anderson) J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  10. R. muralis Nees (usually seen as a variety of Justicia parviflora)
  11. R. parviflora (Retz.) Nees (Syn. of Justicia parviflora Retz. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  12. R. pectinata (L.) Nees (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  13. R. repens (L.) Nees (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  14. R. sisparensis T. Anderson (Syn. of Justicia vallis-silentiosae J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
  15. R. wightiana Nees (Syn. of Justicia wightiana (Nees) J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) 

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Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Rungia apiculata Bedd. (Syn. of Justicia apiculata (Bedd.) J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014) Under shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Theni, Tirunelveli  
Rungia crenata T.And. (Syn. of Justicia crenatifolia J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) Herb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore  
Rungia laeta Clarke (Syn. of Justicia eudoxa J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Dindigul  
Rungia latior Nees (syn. of Justicia latior (Nees) J. R. I. Wood var. latior. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) Herb Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grass lands Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Theni, Tirunelveli  
Rungia parviflora (Retz.) Nees (Syn. of Justicia parviflora Retz. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) Herb Western Ghats , Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri,  Tirunelveli  
Rungia pectinata (L.) Nees (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) Herb Western Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen  Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Rungia repens (L.) Nees (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) Herb Plains, Moist Localities Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 All districts
Rungia sisparensis T. And. (Syn. of Justicia vallis-silentiosae J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Theni,  Tirunelveli  
Rungia wightiana Nees (Syn. of Justicia wightiana (Nees) J. R. I. Wood, comb.
nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Under shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Theni, Tirunelveli  

Rungia parviflora NEES (Syn. of Justicia parviflora Retz. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia pectinata (L.) NEES. (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
 
Rungia repens (L.) NEES (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Rungia crenata (Syn. of Justicia crenatifolia J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))   Diapedium crenatum Acanthaceae Toothed Rungia
Rungia linifolia (Syn. of Justicia heyneana J. R. I. Wood, nom, nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))   Acanthaceae Flax-Leaved Rungia
Rungia parviflora (Syn. of Justicia parviflora Retz. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) Justicia parviflora, Rungia polygonoides Acanthaceae Small Flowered Rungia
Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) R. parviflora var. pectinata, R. parviflora var. muralis, Justicia pectinata Acanthaceae Comb Rungia
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))   Acanthaceae Creeping Rungia

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Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal :
Rungia himalayensis C. B. Clarke (Syn. of Justicia himalayensis (C. B. Clarke) J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia pectinata (L.) Nees (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))


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Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia stolonifera (Syn. of Justicia stolonifera (C. B. Clarke) B. Hansen in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014)) 

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by E. Mascarenhas and M. K. Janarthanam (2010)-
Now (Syn. of Justicia heyneana var. saldanhae (Mascar. & Janarth.) J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Plant Wealth of the Lower Ganga Delta: An Eco-taxonomical Approach, Volume 2 By Kumudranjan Naskar (1992)- Details with keys
Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))


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1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Rungia linifolia– Indeterminate- Karnataka (Syn. of Justicia heyneana J. R. I. Wood, nom, nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Floristic Diversity of Assam: Study of Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary By Bora, Yogendra Kumar (2003)- Details-
Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))


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Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)-
Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Manual Of Botany For India By Rai Bahadur K. Ranga Achari
Rungia parviflora NEES (Syn. of Justicia parviflora Retz. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Flora of Eastern Karnataka, Volume 2 By N. P. Singh (1988)- Details with keys
Rungia elegans Dalzell & A.Gibson (Syn. of Justicia concinna J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia pectinata (syn. Rungia parviflora var. pectinata (L.) C.B. Clarke; Rungia parviflora var. muralis) (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Floristic Plants of the World By Rashtra Vardhana (2006)-
Rungia pectinata (syn. Rungia parviflora var. pectinata (L.) C.B. Clarke; Rungia parviflora var. muralis) (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Floral diversity: assessment & conservation : with reference to Sardar Sarovar Project by Swati Samvatsar, V. B. Diwanji
Rungia pectinata (syn. Rungia parviflora var. pectinata (L.) C.B. Clarke; Rungia parviflora var. muralis) (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Chhatarpur and Damoh By G. P. Roy, B. K. Shukla, Bhaskar Datt (1992)- Details with keys
Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))


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A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon -, Volume 12 By M. D. Dassanayake (1998)- Details with keys
Rungia apiculata Bedd. (Syn. of Justicia apiculata (Bedd.) J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceaeby John R. I. Wood (2014)
Rungia latior Nees (syn. of Justicia latior (Nees) J. R. I. Wood var. latior. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia longifolia Nees (syn. of  Justicia latior subsp. longifolia (Nees) J. R. I. Wood, comb & stat. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia parviflora (Syn. of Justicia parviflora Retz. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)-
Rungia himalayensis C. B. Clarke (Syn. of Justicia himalayensis (C. B. Clarke) J. R. I. Wood, comb. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia parviflora (Syn. of Justicia parviflora Retz. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Rungia elegans Dalzell & A.Gibson (Syn. of Justicia concinna J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia linifolia (Syn. of Justicia heyneana J. R. I. Wood, nom, nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia parviflora (Syn. of Justicia parviflora Retz. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia pectinata (Syn. of Justicia pectinata L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia repens (Syn. of Justicia repens L. in view of New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Hot spots of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan by M. P. Nayar – Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, 1996 – Science252 pages
Rungia laeta Clarke.; shrub; southern W. Ghats. (Syn. of Justicia eudoxa J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia linifolia Nees.,; herb; central W. Ghats (Syn. of Justicia heyneana J. R. I. Wood, nom, nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia sisparensis T. And.; shrub; southern W. Ghats. (Syn. of Justicia vallis-silentiosae J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia wightiana Nees.; undershrub; southern W. Ghats. (Syn. of Justicia wightiana (Nees) J. R. I. Wood, comb.
nov. as per
New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
………………

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Biodiversity in India, Volume 2 edited by T. Pullaiah (2003)-
Rungia crenata T.Anderson- Data deficient (Syn. of Justicia crenatifolia J. R. I. Wood, nom. nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))
Rungia linifolia Critically Endangered (Syn. of Justicia heyneana J. R. I. Wood, nom, nov. as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae by John R. I. Wood (2014))

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Rungia: 3 posts by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Rungia

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
I have added list of Rungia species in India based on the reference (Karthikeyan et al. 2009).

Thanks a lot, … None of the sources given at Rungia treats R. parviflora (Retz.) Nees as a synonym of R. pectinata (L.) Nees as give by The Plant List ver. 1.1 (The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym) . Further it has been stated to have been derived from WCSP (in review), which is still under review.
In view we have to treat R. parviflora (Retz.) Nees & R. pectinata (L.) Nees (syn. Rungia parviflora var. pectinata (L.) C.B. Clarke) as different species. I have corrected accordingly.


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I have updated the accepted names on efi as per New Names and Combinations in Indian Acanthaceae John R. I. Wood (2014).
However, more still needs to done.
If any of the members come across any such papers, pl. send me a copy so that I can do the needful.

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Justicia species in India :
I have added the list of Justicia species in India based on few important references and eFI page.

Thanks a lot, …  Pl. also analyse the following:
From efi:
Justicia candicans
Justicia colorifera (Cultivated)
Justicia fulvicoma (Cultivated)
Justicia plumbaginifolia &
Justicia
madurensis BURM.F. (FRLHT)   


I have added these species.

J.candicans is a cultivated species.
J.colorifera is now J.tinctoriella Bennet & Raizada and a cultivated species.
J.fulvicoma is cultivated sepecies.
J.plumbaginifolia is unresolved sp and not mentioned in Karthikeyan et al 2009.
J.madurensis is a synonym of Dyschoriste madurensis (Burm.f.) Kuntze as mentioned in Karthikeyan et al 2009.


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Pl. go through Justicia page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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I request you to with the help of eflora India kindly clarify these species.
There is very confusion over photographic identification of these species.
Rostellularia crinita Nees
Rungia pectinata (L.) Nees
Rungia repens (L.) Nees
Justicia  procumbens L. Rostellularia procumbens (L.) Nees
Justicia diffusa Willd. Rostellularia diffusa

Thanks, …, You can check efi site pages in this matter. We have tried to deal with them in details at each page.


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