Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl., 2): 214 214 1931. (syn. Bonnaya antipoda (L.) Druce; Bonnaya bracteata Griff.; Bonnaya cyanea Griff.; Bonnaya grandiflora Spreng.; Bonnaya marginata Spreng.; Bonnaya pulegiifolia Spreng.; Bonnaya rothii A.Dietr.; Bonnaya roxburghiana A.Dietr.; Bonnaya verbenifolia Spreng.; Bonnaya veronicifolia (Retz.) Spreng.; Bonnaya veronicifolia var. angustifolia C.T.White & W.D.Francis; Cyrtandra capsularis Blanco; Cyrtandra glaberrima Blanco; Didymocarpus blancoi Hassk.; Didymocarpus grandiflorus (Retz.) A.Dietr.; Gratiola grandiflora Retz.; Gratiola marginata Colsm.; Gratiola pulegiifolia Vahl; Gratiola racemosa Roxb.; Gratiola roxburghiana Schult.; Gratiola verbenifolia Colsm.; Gratiola veronicifolia Retz.; Ilysanthes antipoda (L.) Merr.; Lindernia veronicifolia (Retz.) F. Muell.; Ruellia antipoda L.; Vandellia antipoda (L.) T. Yamaz.; Vandellia veronicifolia (Retz.) Haines);
commonly known as: fart weed, sparrow false pimpernel • Assamese: বগা কাঁচিডৰিয়া baga kachidoria • Bengali: সাদা পানি ঘাস sada pani ghas, জাই ঘাস zai ghas • Khamti: yakio • Tamil: தண்ணிப் பூண்டு thanni poondu • Telugu: నీళ్ల పుండు neella pundu
Names compiled / updated at

Prostrate or diffuse herbs, rooting at the nodes. Leaves variable 1.5-2.5 x 0.5-1 cm, elliptic-obovate, base cuneate, margin subentire to serrate, apex obtuse, penninerved, subsessile. Flowers solitary, axillary or in terminal racemes; bracts leafy; pedicle to 1 cm long. Calyx divided to the base; lobes c. 4 mm long, lanceolate, margin scarious. Corolla bluish with an yellow mouth, 6-8 mm long, internally short pilose between the staminodes. Stamens 2, fertile; staminodes 2, hooked. Capsule 1-1.4 cm long, linear-lanceolate. Seeds yellow, ridged. 

Flowering and fruiting: August-October
Sides of streams, reservoirs and marshy areas
Tropical and Subtropical Asia and Australia

The species occurs from Sri Lanka and India east through Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal to China and Japan and south, through Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, the Philippines and Indonesia to Australia, Papua New Guinea and Polynesia (Cook 1996, Kress et al. 2003, Nguyen et al. 2005, Newman et al. 2007, Ahmed 2009, Kwek et al. 2009).
The species is a typical plant of the margins of rivers and streams, as well as occurring in moist grassland, marshes, rice fields, wet hollows in open rain forest and seasonally inundated disturbed ground., 0-1,000 m alt

This is another small herb inside an uncultivated paddy field.
Species : UNKNOWN
H & H : less than 10 cm high, prostrate-erect herb with white flower
Date : 26/10/12, 10.40 a.m.
Place : Hooghly

Received ID of this plant Lindernia antipoda.

Bonnya antipoda

As i checked my earlier uploads of Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston i noticed not all flowers have lobed upper lip. So, it is also Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston, i think.

Bonnya antipoda

Seen this small herb at a wet grassland at the outskirts of Mumbai.
Stem Prostrate,
Leaves: Opposite, Sessile, Serrate.

Bot. name: Lindernia antipoda
Family: Scrophulariaceae.

Bonnya antipoda

ARJUl15 Herb for ID : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Found in Bangalore 13th July

Could it be a species of Lindernia?

Lindernia ruellioides perhaps?

Might be Lindernia antipoda

Please check Lindernia antipoda

Bonnya antipoda

Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: 2 in 1 : sk02 :  Attachments (6).  6 posts by 3 authors.
The one with much bigger flowers is Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston, as have been identified earlier – /species/a—l/l/linderniaceae/lindernia/lindernia-antipoda.
(more precisely, i think not of FoC or F. B. I,, but Vandellia veronicaefolia of Haines)
The one with much smaller flowers (in 1st and last pics) is same as in yesterday’s post –
Recorded today (5.8.13), in Hooghly.

Lindernia species in efi 

I am not confirmed, but think close to Lindernia oppositifolia (L.) Mukherjee. I can confirm on 14th Aug. the day I will go to Central National Herbarium. Based on this live photo, I can consult and identify.

Thanks … Many thanks to …

To me close up plant appears close to images at Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston rather than Lindernia oppositifolia (L.) Mukerjee as per images herein.

Bonnya antipoda


Whlenbergia marginata from Periyar(Campanulaceae).jpg – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 8 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (1)
it is from Peryar near the reservoir, taken on 11-5-09, I think it is
Whlenbergia marginata from Campanulaceae, experts please comment

I think it represents Lindernia sp. of Scrophulariaceae

I think its Lindernia antipoda

Yes now i think … is right, this plant is Lindernia antipoda.

Bonnaya antipoda


Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston ??? : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

Location:  Budhi Sera, Nuwakot Nepal
Date: 29 June 2017
Elevation : 2800ft.

Yes, to me also appear close to images at Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston

Lindernia antipoda—for sharing and validation : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Pics taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Off Lonavala, Pune in Nov.16.

Yes to me also appear close to images at Lindernia antipoda

Bonnya antipoda

ID002-weed-bk002 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

  • Date: Last week of Aug, 2019
  • Elevation: 1400 masl
  • Habit: In cultivated land
  • Location: Bagmati Province, Central Nepal
  • a weed in field
  • at flowering stage
Thank you in Advance…

Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston ??  Please check other Lindernia sp. also !

I too agree with … for L. antipoda,

Lindernia species identification : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)- 1 mb each.
These photos were taken August 31st 2020 in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh in a hilly jungle area. I suspect they are Bonnaya ruellioides (syn Lindernia ruellioides) based on leaf description (photo specimen measures 1.8 cm), seed shape and flower. Thanks in advance for any idea you can give

Bonnaya antipoda (L.) Druce Syn : Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston !

I also feel more closer to Lindernia antipoda rather than Lindernia ruellioides as per details and images herein and as per comparative images at Lindernia

Thanks – I initially thought it wasn’t Bonnaya antipoda since it didn’t have the conspicuous two yellowish stamonodes, but now I notice that it’s probably just concealed in the photo.


 at sagargad, Alibag- 19/11/10; Sagargad flora – efloraofindia | Google Groups


Requesting I’d of Lindernia sp:
kindly help me in the identification of the flowering herb that somewhat resambles lindernia.
Location- East Sikkim (1200m)

Pl. check the attachment

I think close to images at Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston

Thank you sir. I found its mention in flora of Sikkim as Bonnaya antipoda.

Bonnya antipoda


Bonnaya antipoda (L.) Druce: 3 images.

Location: Nagarkot, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Altitude:  1700m.
Date: 15 August 2015
Habit : Wild

Yes, appears close as per images at

I do not see any mention of Nepali name(s) for this plant; I assume there is no name in Nepali given to Bonnaya antipoda.

No …


Telugu name of Bonnaya antipoda (L.) Druce:
Please help me with the Telugu name neella pundu of Bonnaya antipoda (L.) Druce, in native script.
It is found mentioned in few sites, e.g. EPTRI-ENVIS Centre (SoE &RI-AP) – Medicinal Herbs – Amazing Healing Properties – Article 08/2015/ENVIS-SoEAP

నేల పుండు, that is spelling mistake 

Oh !! Thank you so much, …
Actually, I was confused with పుండు pundu, = ulcer, boil, sore, blister, etc…. I referred Telugu – English dictionary
Google Translate gives నీళ్ల neella = of water
We can take it as aquatic, seems quite appropriate to habit and habitat of Bonnaya antipoda (Lindernia antipoda).
Thus నీళ్ల  పుండు seems to be making good sense; what are your thoughts?

Yes, it is fine. may be used to treat ulcers caused by water soaking we may use it neela pundu aaku-aaku meaning leaf


Names of Plants in India :: Bonnaya antipoda (L.) Druce:

¿ bon-NEY-ah ? — named for Charles François, Marquis de Bonnay (1750-1825), French military officer, politician and diplomat, student of botany … Plant genera named after people (1753-1853) by José A. Mari Mut
an-te-PO-da or an-TIP-uh-da — from the Greek, anti (opposite) and pous (foot), referring to people or places diametrically opposite on the globe … Dave’s Botanarycommonly known as: fart weed, sparrow false pimpernel • Assamese: বগা কাঁচিডৰিয়া baga kachidoria • Bengali: সাদা পানি ঘাস sada pani ghas, জাই ঘাস zai ghas • Khamti: yakio • Konkani: शेवाळ sheval • Marathi: शेवाळ sheval • Tamil: தண்ணிப் பூண்டு thanni poondu • Telugu: నీళ్ల పుండు neella pundubotanical namesBonnaya antipoda (L.) Druce … homotypic synonymsLindernia antipoda (L.) Alston • Ruellia antipoda L. … heterotypic synonymsBonnaya bracteata Griff. • Bonnaya verbenifolia (Colsm.) Spreng. • Lindernia verbenifolia (Colsm.) Pennell … and many more at POWO

Bibliography / etymology

Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
fart weed
sparrow false pimpernel
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
বগা কাঁচিডৰিয়া baga kachidoria
  • Many thanks to Ashim Gogoi for help with this name … facebook
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
সাদা পানি ঘাস sada pani ghas, জাই ঘাস zai ghas
  • Many thanks to Subham Sahu for help with these names for Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston … facebook
~~~~~ KHAMTI ~~~~~
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
தண்ணிப் பூண்டு thanni poondu
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
నీళ్ల పుండు neella pundu
Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, *Bihar, *Jharkhand, Goa, *Gujarat, *Karnataka, *Kerala, *Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, *Meghalaya, *Odisha, Tamil Nadu, *Tripura, *Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

* no given name / no name found, in the regional language(s) of the state

~~~~~ x ~~~~~
As of now there is no name in Kannada for this plant. As such I have coined a new word based on South Indian languages namely  Tamil and Teleugu..

I think the word  “ನೀರು ಬೆಳ್ಳುಳ್ಳಿ” (Neeru Bellulli) meaning water garlic is more suitable. The name derived using the Tamil name  Thanni Poondu and Telugu name Neella Pundu.  Both the names mean water garlic. Therefore, I have derived the equivalent name in Kannada. If you feel it is O.K. you may incorporate.

I had discussed with … for coining a Tamil name for Bonnaya gracilis based on the name “thanni poondu” given to Bonnaya antipoda. I too was under the impression that “poondu” means garlic. However, he pointed out that the word “poondo” in this context means “herb”, thus “thanni poondu” would mean “aquatic herb”.

Therefore, I request you to think in terms of the generic “aquatic herb” … perhaps, ನೀರು ಸೊಪ್ಪು neeru soppu. I leave it to your discretion.

Removed the Marathi (शेवाळ sheval) and Konkani (शेवाळ sheval) names of this plant.
One of my facebook friend pointed out that शेवाळ sheval has been misapplied to this plant; it is just a generic name for moss and other aquatic non-flowering plants.




Flora of China (Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston syn. Ruellia antipoda Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 635. 1753; Bonnaya antipoda (Linnaeus) Druce; B. veronicifolia (Retzius) Sprengel; Gratiola veronicifolia Retzius; Ilysanthes antipoda (Linnaeus) Merrill; Lindernia veronicifolia (Retzius) F. Mueller; Vandellia veronicifolia (Retzius) Haines.)

India Biodiversity Portal  Flowers of India  IUCN Red List (LC)  Lindernia antipoda (PIER species info)