Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl., 2): 214 214 1931. (syn. Bonnaya antipoda (L.) Druce; Bonnaya bracteata Griff.; Bonnaya cyanea Griff.; Bonnaya grandiflora Spreng.; Bonnaya marginata Spreng.; Bonnaya pulegiifolia Spreng.; Bonnaya rothii A.Dietr.; Bonnaya roxburghiana A.Dietr.; Bonnaya verbenifolia Spreng.; Bonnaya veronicifolia (Retz.) Spreng.; Bonnaya veronicifolia var. angustifolia C.T.White & W.D.Francis; Cyrtandra capsularis Blanco; Cyrtandra glaberrima Blanco; Didymocarpus blancoi Hassk.; Didymocarpus grandiflorus (Retz.) A.Dietr.; Gratiola grandiflora Retz.; Gratiola marginata Colsm.; Gratiola pulegiifolia Vahl; Gratiola racemosa Roxb.; Gratiola roxburghiana Schult.; Gratiola verbenifolia Colsm.; Gratiola veronicifolia Retz.; Ilysanthes antipoda (L.) Merr.; Lindernia veronicifolia (Retz.) F. Muell.; Ruellia antipoda L.; Vandellia antipoda (L.) T. Yamaz.; Vandellia veronicifolia (Retz.) Haines);
Sparrow false pimpernel, Sheval’ ‘शेवाळ’ in Marathi;

Prostrate or diffuse herbs, rooting at the nodes. Leaves variable 1.5-2.5 x 0.5-1 cm, elliptic-obovate, base cuneate, margin subentire to serrate, apex obtuse, penninerved, subsessile. Flowers solitary, axillary or in terminal racemes; bracts leafy; pedicle to 1 cm long. Calyx divided to the base; lobes c. 4 mm long, lanceolate, margin scarious. Corolla bluish with an yellow mouth, 6-8 mm long, internally short pilose between the staminodes. Stamens 2, fertile; staminodes 2, hooked. Capsule 1-1.4 cm long, linear-lanceolate. Seeds yellow, ridged. 

Flowering and fruiting: August-October
Sides of streams, reservoirs and marshy areas
Tropical and Subtropical Asia and Australia

The species occurs from Sri Lanka and India east through Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal to China and Japan and south, through Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, the Philippines and Indonesia to Australia, Papua New Guinea and Polynesia (Cook 1996, Kress et al. 2003, Nguyen et al. 2005, Newman et al. 2007, Ahmed 2009, Kwek et al. 2009).
The species is a typical plant of the margins of rivers and streams, as well as occurring in moist grassland, marshes, rice fields, wet hollows in open rain forest and seasonally inundated disturbed ground., 0-1,000 m alt

This is another small herb inside an uncultivated paddy field.
Species : UNKNOWN
H & H : less than 10 cm high, prostrate-erect herb with white flower
Date : 26/10/12, 10.40 a.m.
Place : Hooghly

Received ID of this plant Lindernia antipoda.

As i checked my earlier uploads of Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston i noticed not all flowers have lobed upper lip. So, it is also Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston, i think.

Seen this small herb at a wet grassland at the outskirts of Mumbai.
Stem Prostrate,
Leaves: Opposite, Sessile, Serrate.

Bot. name: Lindernia antipoda
Family: Scrophulariaceae.

ARJUl15 Herb for ID : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Found in Bangalore 13th July

Could it be a species of Lindernia?

Lindernia ruellioides perhaps?

Might be Lindernia antipoda

Please check Lindernia antipoda

Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: 2 in 1 : sk02 :  Attachments (6).  6 posts by 3 authors.
The one with much bigger flowers is Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston, as have been identified earlier – /species/a—l/l/linderniaceae/lindernia/lindernia-antipoda.
(more precisely, i think not of FoC or F. B. I,, but Vandellia veronicaefolia of Haines)
The one with much smaller flowers (in 1st and last pics) is same as in yesterday’s post –
Recorded today (5.8.13), in Hooghly.

Lindernia species in efi 

I am not confirmed, but think close to Lindernia oppositifolia (L.) Mukherjee. I can confirm on 14th Aug. the day I will go to Central National Herbarium. Based on this live photo, I can consult and identify.

Thanks … Many thanks to …

To me close up plant appears close to images at Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston rather than Lindernia oppositifolia (L.) Mukerjee as per images herein.


Whlenbergia marginata from Periyar(Campanulaceae).jpg – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 8 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (1)
it is from Peryar near the reservoir, taken on 11-5-09, I think it is
Whlenbergia marginata from Campanulaceae, experts please comment

I think it represents Lindernia sp. of Scrophulariaceae

I think its Lindernia antipoda

Yes now i think … is right, this plant is Lindernia antipoda.


Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston ??? : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

Location:  Budhi Sera, Nuwakot Nepal
Date: 29 June 2017
Elevation : 2800ft.

Yes, to me also appear close to images at Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston

Lindernia antipoda—for sharing and validation : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Pics taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Off Lonavala, Pune in Nov.16.

Yes to me also appear close to images at Lindernia antipoda

ID002-weed-bk002 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

  • Date: Last week of Aug, 2019
  • Elevation: 1400 masl
  • Habit: In cultivated land
  • Location: Bagmati Province, Central Nepal
  • a weed in field
  • at flowering stage
Thank you in Advance…

Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston ??  Please check other Lindernia sp. also !

I too agree with … for L. antipoda,

Lindernia species identification : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)- 1 mb each.
These photos were taken August 31st 2020 in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh in a hilly jungle area. I suspect they are Bonnaya ruellioides (syn Lindernia ruellioides) based on leaf description (photo specimen measures 1.8 cm), seed shape and flower. Thanks in advance for any idea you can give

Bonnaya antipoda (L.) Druce Syn : Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston !

I also feel more closer to Lindernia antipoda rather than Lindernia ruellioides as per details and images herein and as per comparative images at Lindernia

Thanks – I initially thought it wasn’t Bonnaya antipoda since it didn’t have the conspicuous two yellowish stamonodes, but now I notice that it’s probably just concealed in the photo.


 at sagargad, Alibag- 19/11/10; Sagargad flora – efloraofindia | Google Groups


Requesting I’d of Lindernia sp:
kindly help me in the identification of the flowering herb that somewhat resambles lindernia.
Location- East Sikkim (1200m)

Pl. check the attachment

I think close to images at Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston

Thank you sir. I found its mention in flora of Sikkim as Bonnaya antipoda.


Bonnaya antipoda (L.) Druce: 3 images.

Location: Nagarkot, Bhaktapur, Nepal
Altitude:  1700m.
Date: 15 August 2015
Habit : Wild





Flora of China (Lindernia antipoda (L.) Alston syn. Ruellia antipoda Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 635. 1753; Bonnaya antipoda (Linnaeus) Druce; B. veronicifolia (Retzius) Sprengel; Gratiola veronicifolia Retzius; Ilysanthes antipoda (Linnaeus) Merrill; Lindernia veronicifolia (Retzius) F. Mueller; Vandellia veronicifolia (Retzius) Haines.)

India Biodiversity Portal  Flowers of India  IUCN Red List (LC)  Lindernia antipoda (PIER species info)

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