Lycium barbarum L. (Introduced) (China (Gansu, N-Hebei, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, N-Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang), Northern Caucasus, Georgia [Caucasus], Armenia, Azerbaijan, Argentina (I), Mauritius (I), Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia), Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt), European Turkey, Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert), Lebanon (Antilebanon), Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nejd Desert), Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze), East Aegaean Isl. (I), Nepal, NW-India, Java, Austria (I), Belgium (I), England (I), Bulgaria (I), Corsica (I), Greece (I), Crete (I), Croatia (I), Czech Republic (I), Slovakia (I), Denmark (I), France (I), Germany (I), Ireland (I), Switzerland (I), Netherlands (I), Baleares (I), Spain (I), Hungary (I), Italy (I), Bosnia & Hercegovina (I), Portugal (I), Norway (I), Poland (I), Belarus (I), Ukraine (I), Crimea (I), European Russia (I), Uzbekistan (I), Sweden (I), Korea (I), Estonia (I), Australia (I) (South Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I), Tasmania (I)), USA (I) (Alabama (I), Arkansas (I), California (I), Colorado (I), Connecticut (I), District of Columbia (I), Delaware (I), Florida (I), Georgia (I), Iowa (I), Idaho (I), Illinois (I), Indiana (I), Kansas (I), Kentucky (I), Louisiana (I), Massachusetts (I), Maryland (I), Maine (I), Michigan (I), Minnesota (I), Missouri (I), Montana (I), North Carolina (I), North Dakota (I), Nebraska (I), New Hampshire (I), New Jersey (I), New Mexico (I), Nevada (I), New York (I), Ohio (I), Oklahoma (I), Oregon (I), Pennsylvania (I), Rhode Island (I), South Carolina (I), South Dakota (I), Tennessee (I), Texas (I), Utah (I), Virginia (I), Vermont (I), Washington State (I), Wisconsin (I), West Virginia (I), Wyoming (I)), Canada (I) (Alberta (I), British Columbia (I), Nova Scotia (I), Ontario (I), Quebec (I), Saskatchewan (I)) as per Catalogue of Life)

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Lycium chinense Mill. (Introduced) (China to Temp. E. Asia: China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Inner Mongolia, Japan, Korea, Manchuria, Mongolia, Nansei-shoto, Qinghai, Taiwan, Thailand, Xinjiang; Introduced into: Assam, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Illinois, Ireland, Italy, Jawa, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Nepal, Netherlands, New York, Pakistan, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Society Is., Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Vermont, Vietnam as per POWO)

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Lycium edgeworthii Dunal in DC. (S. Iran to NW. India: India, Iran, Pakistan as per POWO)
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Lycium ruthenicum Murray (Turkey (E-Anatolia), Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq), China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, N-Shaanxi, Xinjiang), Tibet, Afghanistan (Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Helmand, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Nimroz, Samangan), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan (Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab, Quetta), Pakistani Kashmir (Baltistan, Skardu), Jammu & Kashmir (Nubra, Ladakh), Vietnam (I), Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Georgia [Caucasus] as per CoL)

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Lycium shawii Roem. & Schult. (Sicilia to Kriti, Egypt to S. Africa and W. India: Botswana, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Malawi, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Turkey, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe as per POWO)

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BSI Flora of India Checklist Vol. 2 (1993) (Distribution):

Name Distribution
Lycium barbarum Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal
Lycium edgeworthii Assam, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Punjab, Rajasthan
Lycium ruthenicum Jammu & Kashmir

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Flora of Peninsular India:
Lycium barbatum (Lycium barbarum L. as per POWO)


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Species with description & keys from Flora of Pakistan (Distribution):
Lycium chinense Miller (Native to China. Widely cultivated or introduced elsewhere)
Lycium dasystemum Pojark. (Iran, Afghanistan, Baluchistan (Pakistan), C. Asia, Songaria, W. China)
Lycium depressum Stocks in Hook.
Lycium depressum ssp. angustifolium Schoenbeck-Temesy (S. W. Iran, Baluchistan (Pakistan))
Lycium depressum ssp. depressum (Iraq, Iran, Turcomannia, Afghanistan, Baluchistan (Pakistan))
Lycium edgeworthii Dunal in DC. (S. Iran, Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan & Punjab) and India)
Lycium makranicum Schoenbeck-Temesy  (Endemic)
Lycium ruthenicum Murray (S. E. Russia, Caucasus, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan (Baltistan and Baluchistan), Mongolia and Tibet)
Lycium shawii Roemer & Schultes (N. & E. Africa, N. Sudan, Sinai, Arabia, S. W. Iran, S. Iraq, S. Palestine. Turkey, Baluchistan (Pakistan))


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Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):
Lycium barbarum L. (1600 m; China, widely cultivated for hedges and naturalised elsewhere)
Lycium chinense Mill. (1300 m; China, cultivated for hedges and naturalised elsewhere)


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Some species found in Indian Subcontinent with description & keys from Flora of China (Distribution):
Lycium barbarum Linnaeus (Slopes, near fields and houses or by ditches. Gansu, N Hebei, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, N Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang [cultivated and naturalized elsewhere in Asia and in Europe])
Lycium chinense Miller (Slopes, wastelands, saline places, roadsides, near houses. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand; SW Asia, Europe].)
Lycium dasystemum Pojarkova (Slopes, sands, oases; 200-3600 m. Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang [Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan])
Lycium ruthenicum Murray (Saline deserts and sands, roadsides; 400-3000 m. Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, N Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Xizang [Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; SW Asia, Europe])


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Lycium page with comparative images:
Pl. go through‎ Lycium (Solanaceae) page with comparative images of species in efloraofindia. On clicking the link of species, one can check the complete details. Genus pages generally give details of most of the species found in India.
I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identification in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genus (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice. Pl. circulate it widely, for the benefit of all concerned.


 

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