Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L., Sp. Pl. 982 1753. (syn. Diasperus maderaspatensis (L.) Kuntze; Nellica maderaspatana Raf. [Illegitimate];                Diasperus gracilis (Roxb.) Kuntze; Diasperus gueinzii (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze; Phyllanthus andrachnoides Willd.; Phyllanthus arabicus Hochst. ex Steud.; Phyllanthus brachypodus F.Muell. ex Benth. [Illegitimate]; Phyllanthus cuneatus Willd.; Phyllanthus gracilis Roxb.; Phyllanthus gueinzii Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus javanicus Poir. ex Spreng.; Phyllanthus longifolius Sond. [Illegitimate]; Phyllanthus maderaspatensis var. angustifolius Benth. …; Phyllanthus magudensis Jean F.Brunel; Phyllanthus obcordatus Willd.; Phyllanthus stipulaceus Bojer; Phyllanthus thonningii Schumach. & Thonn.; Phyllanthus vaccinioides Klotzsch [Illegitimate]; Phyllanthus venosus Hochst. ex A.Rich.);
Africa, W. Indian Ocean, Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan to Australia: Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Gulf States, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lesotho, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Western Australia, Yemen, Zaïre as per POWO;
Common name: Madras Leaf-Flower • Hindi: हजारमणी hajarmani, कनोछा kanocha • Marathi: भुईआवळी bhuiavali, कचोरा kachora • Tamil: நிலநெல்லி nila-nelli • Telugu: నల్ల ఉసిరిక Nalla usirika • Kannada: ಮದರಾಸ್ ನೆಲ್ಲಿ Madaraas nelli • Konkani: कचोरा kachora • Sanskrit: भूम्यामलकी bhumyaamalaki • Urdu: Kanocha کنوچا
The oblanceolate leaf is characteristic to Phyllanthus maderaspatensis;
It is having 6 broad nearly orbicular perianth members;
According to Hooker (in FBI) “…Very variable in habit, erect or decumbent below ; stems low and herbaceous or erect, slender, woody with spreading branches and sometimes ? a woody perennial stock. Leaves from 0.5 in. and cuneate or almost obcordate to 1.5 in., and narrowly oblong-cuneate…”.

Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Phyllanthaceae :: Phyllanthus maderaspatensis in Mumbai :: DV65 : 3 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L. Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
untended lawn in Goregaon on 30 SEP 08

Typical photos.


Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Phyllanthus maderaspatensis from Chennai BRS 016 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Sharing the images of Phyllanthus maderaspatensis from Adyar, Chennai.

Correct identification.

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis

Full leaf shape not available. Hence it is tentatively Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.

Attaching few more images for confirmation.

Okay. It is Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.


Phyllanthus sp. for ID – Lakshadweep Flora- PKA9 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5).

Sen this branched herb (20 cm tall) at Thinnakara Island (Lakshadweep).
Looks like some Phyllanthus sp.
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Date/Time: 29-03-2014 / 07:50AM

I think it is Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.

Thanks …, it does look like p. maderaspatensis..

Yes, It is Phyllanthus maderaspatensis only, because it is having 6 broad nearly orbicular perianth members.

I identified it from the characteristic leaves only. I did not have to look into further details.


ARJUL46 Phyllanthus sp. for ID : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Bangalore July 2014

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.

The identification is correct.

ARJUL70 Confirmation- Phyllanthus fraternus? : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).

Fruits are trilobed in this plant
July 2014

I think yes

It somewhat resembles Phyllanthus maderaspatensis. Not sure but…

Actually yes sir. This does look like Phyllanthus maderaspatensis. I assumed that since the fruit had a structure that to me looked like 3-lobed that it was Phyllanthus fraternus.
Leaf tip also seems to match.
Uploading earlier identified pictures of P. maderaspatensis -Attachments (3)

Thanks … It is a good idea to post multiple pictures showing entire plant as well as close-up shots of various parts of the plant. This will help curb unambiguity in the diagnosis.

Yes sir, I will do so next time

In my opinion, it is the commonest Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.

Yes sir, Thank you.

Request for Identification of this Phyllanthus species. : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2).
this is a herb with a woody base, leaves obovate, base cuneate, perianth lobes 6, thick, accrescent, male flowers in uper axils, in clusters; stamens 3, filaments united half way. stipules haylne, auricled at base, 1-2 mm stems and abaxial side of the leaf pubescent. photographed at Eastren ghats.

This seems to be Phyllanthus maderaspatensis
Although I haven’t seen one with such a woody stem before.

Interesting form of what seems like P. maderaspatensis in general appearance.
According to Hooker (in FBI) “…Very variable in habit, erect or decumbent below ; stems low and herbaceous or erect, slender, woody with spreading branches and sometimes ? a woody perennial stock. Leaves from 0.5 in. and cuneate or almost obcordate to 1.5 in., and narrowly oblong-cuneate…”.

P. maderaspatensis. Common in Chennai.

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.


Plant for ID SMP2 15/07/2011:  
A tiny herb
observed on Vetal tekdi.
Height 15-20cm.
Flower size hardly a mm or two.
Male and female flowers different (Most probably)
Appears to be some Phylanthus species
For ID.

The oblanceolate leaf is characteristic to Phyllanthus maderaspatensis. Pl validate.

Please find attached a published paper based on a study in TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT IN INDIA.
Hope this would be helpful.
Please refer the following thread in efloraofindia group for further information.…


efloraindia:031211 BRS238:
Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. request.
Location: NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore Date: 01.12.2011 Habitat: Wild Habit: Herb

04082013 BRS 499 :  Attachments (2). 6 posts by 4 authors.
Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. confirmation.
Date: 04.08.2013
Location: Adyar, Chennai
Habitat: Urban
Habit: Herb

Phyllanthus sp

May be Aerva lanata of Amaranthaceae – ‘Cherula’ of Kerala’s ‘Dasapushpam’.

It is Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.

Thanks … for correcting.


Phyllanthaceae sp.for ID Vetal Tekdi Pune 30Aug2013.SMP1 : Attachments (4). 5 posts by 4 authors.

Observed this small herb of height 25 cm.
Leaves obovate with a small petiole.
Flowers are tiny may be 1-3 mm

I am not comfortable in fitting the ID as Sauropus androgynus
Any idea what the ID can be?

… my guess: Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.

Nice pictures!
I agree with … id.

looke like p.madraspatensis


Phyllanthus maderaspatensis – Jabalpur, M.P:: NS March 18 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
This herb was recorded from Jabalpur, M.P. in August 2016. Was identified as Phyllanthus maderaspatensis by …
While going through database, I realised we do not have its image from India, thus submitting

Thanks …, I have taken an image from Flicker posted by Dinesh ji with his permission for my book, now in press having 93 images of Phyllanthaceae.


Jodhpur, Rajasthan : 8 posts by 6 authors.
ID for plant from Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
Growing in untouched part of plant nursery
October 19

May be Andrachne Species.
Fruit looks similar.
Just a guess.

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis,


Thanks, …, for id as Phyllanthus maderaspatensis

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.


Phyllanthus Id please : 9 posts by 4 authors. 2 images- 2 & 3 mb each.
Request for I’d of Phyllanthus from Bilaspur. photographed in July 2020.

Another photograph of the plant attached.

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis.


Need help with little weed id: 1 high resolution image.
Phyllanthus speceis

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis,

140713 ASP 107 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Please ID this small erect herb with small fruits along mid rib on the undersurfacePhyllanthus? Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Nov 2012.

Looks like Phyllanthus maderaspatensis. You may send some more photographs of the close ups for proper ID.

Yes, it’s …


Wild Plant for ID : Nasik : 07DEC21 : AK – 08:
A small plant seen today (7.12.21).

Plant location looks accessible. You should have shot clear images as well close-ups
of flower front. looks like Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster ! Please check !

Thanks for the suggested Species.
At times, it is not possible to give enough time for each and every plant that you come across

If you need the proper ID of the sp. it is essential unless sp. is inaccessible, and it will help members to ID faster and does not involve much time in identifying !
In this case sp. looks easily accessible !

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis only,


I’d of Phyllanthus: 3 high res. images.
Request for id of Phyllanthus from Bilaspur. Is it Phyllanthus polygonoides? Need views of experts. Photographed in July, 2022.

Withania somnifera ??

This is not Withania sps. for sure .

Or some crotalaria?

Phyllanthus maderaspatana

Phyllanthus only,

Could not find a match as per comparative images at

Looks like Phyllanthus maderaspatensis, now called Nellica maderaspatensis.

Right sir, we call N. maderaspatana 🌿 in local language is Bakarkayo બાકરકાયો, bakrato બકરાટો used as a diabetic folk medicine


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