Phyllanthus rheedei Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: t. 1895 1852. (syn: Diasperus rheedei (Wight) Kuntze; Phyllanthus flaccidus Thwaites; Phyllanthus macraei var. hispidus Gamble; Phyllanthus rheedei var. hispidus (Gamble) M.R.Almeida);
Indian Subcontinent: Assam, East Himalaya, India, Sri Lanka as per POWO;
Common name: Kozhikode Leaf-Flower


Attaching images of what looks like� Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster (?). Please ID the plant.
Date :11.06.2013
Location: Kamrup district
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Genus & species : Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster (?)
Habitat: Grows wild on waste places
Habit : Herb, Height about 60 cm.
Flower : male flower at the base, female at the top
Fruits : Seen

Looks like Phyllanthus rheedei

Phyllanthus fraternus is a wild guess. It is Phyllanthus rheedei in my opinion.

Phyllanthus pinnatus (Wight) G.L.Webster SN Oct26 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).
Phyllanthus pinnatus (Wight) G.L.Webster, wild herb in the hill with more human movement

This may be either Phyllanthus kozhikodianus or P. rheedii.

Phyllanthus rheedei.


GRAM20160711 – Phyllanthaceae : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (15)
This plant was found at the outskirts of Bangalore, at Turahalli. Photos were clicked in July 2016.

Some Phyllanthus species.

Appears to be Phyllanthus rheedei.


EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT : Phyllanthaceae : RVS-10 : 2 images. 3 posts by 3 authors.
Phyllanthus rheedei Wight
Synonym: P. kozhikodianus Sivar. & Manilal
Collected from: Sirumalai hills, TN.

Yes. Excellent photos.



ID(dkb-6) :  Attachments (2).  7 posts by 4 authors.

Name of species- ID(dkb-6)

Photo taken on- 30.8.2009

At- Viratnagar(Jaipur)

Phyllanthus fraternus please

As you know, this is another interesting but complicated (nomenclature wise) genus. The current name for this plant is P. kozhikodianus, if i am correct. The leaves are broad, glaucous beneath and the tepals are broadly scarious along margins.

Thanks for this new information. We were already confused about whether P. fraternus and P. amarus are distinct (if we follow GRIN) or single species under P. amarus (if we follow Kew World checklist). You have introduced another closely related species. Would you kindly list its differences from the other two species.

Adding some articles on P. kozhikodensis. Attachments (5).

Thanks a lot …, for the very useful & complete articles on Phyllanthus kozhikodianus. If possible, pl. also send us the recent work on herbaceous phyllanthus complex by R.R.Rao & al. published in ‘Phytotaxonomy’. Here, the authors have tried to clarify the confusions existed in the nomenclature/identification of certain species of Phyllanthus.
…, at FRLHT, we produce series of educational products including posters on various themes, one among them is Phyllanthus complex. In this poster (attached here, can’t help with the file size to maintain readability) we have provided pictures of common herbaceous Phyllanthus species (amarus, tenellus, debilis, fraternus, urinaria, kozhikodianus (now rheedei), rotundifolius, scbrifolius, maderaspatensis & virgatus)  and key characters to distinguish them. Hope this will be useful. (Phyllanthus complex_FRLHT.jpg 2 MB)

Thanks … for this excellent poster
This makes us wake up to re-examin our specimens we conveniently refer to P. fraternus (if perianth are 6) or P. amarus (if perianth are five). P. amarus is not common in Delhi atleast. Observing more critically I found large oval leaved plants in May June but much narrower and smaller leaved in September-October, growing at the same place. I thought them to be seasonal affect on P. fraternus. Now I feel, seeing your images, that after all our plant may not be P. fraternus, and plant growing in September-October may turn out to be different species. I will examine these critically and report back soon.


Attaching images  Phyllanthus rheedei Wight collected from Kamrup (Metro) Assam. Please validate the species. My earlier post (!topic/indiantreepix/QhJr9sdQHQw)
Date :09.06.2013
Location: Kamrup district (Metro)
Family : Euphorbiaceae (Phyllanthaceae)
Genus & species : Phyllanthus rheedei Wight (??) 
Habitat: Grows wild on hilly slopes
Habit : Herb

Distrib.  India: Evergreen forests as undergrowth, moist shaded places, below rocky boulders, a weed in cultivated fields, open places, roadsides, up to 1700 m altitude, common. Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Assam, West Bengal (north), Sikkim, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Native of India and Sri Lanka. Introduced into Myanmar, Indonesia, Pacific Islands and West Indies.
As given in Flora of India, volume 23. copied in public interest.

190927EPT12 : 13 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (3)- around 300 kb each.
Presenting for ID please.
Location : Kodaikanal
Elevation : 5900 ft
Habitat : Wet forest rocks- way side
Taken on 19th Sep 2019 at roadside

Phylllanthus flexuosus ??

My pleasure!  Did you cross verify the ID ?

Sorry Sir. I am not sure.
I am a medical practitioner, taking some interest in flora very recently ..after some flower photography … inspired by the eflora images.
And it is amazing… the interest and knowledge you have all imposed and imparted. I am really thankful for you for helping me to identify the plants.
I wish I would have been a botanist !!

Phyllanthus rheedei!

Thank you … for correcting ID !

Please, have you looked at Phyllanthus tenellus?

Thanks … I had initially checked the descriptions of Phylllanthus flexuosus after the first suggested id, did not match descriptions in this:

So I was hoping you would get to see the case. SO this is NOT Phylllanthus flexuosus
BUT in reality is Phyllanthus rheedii.
my interest in this plant is because of possible use as an antiviral remedy.
esp. HBV  and hepatoprotective effects per ethnobotany reports I had seen years ago.


Phyllanthus herb for identification 150712MK02:
Please help me in identifying this herb found along roadside near evergreen moist forests.
The leaf measures 2×0.4 cm. Flower measures 0.3cm across and the plant about 1-1.5 feet in height. The habitat is an evergreen forest.

Place: Valparai, TN
Date: 11July 2012
Alt: c. 950 m ASL

It may be Phyllanthus rheedii.

I agree with you

I guess ID is correct according to Phyllanthus rheedei !

Phyllanthus rheedei.


Attached images may be  Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster (?). Please ID the plant. My earlier poast (/species/m—z/p/phyllanthaceae/phyllanthus/phyllanthus-fraternus-1)
Date :11.06.2013
Location: Kamrup district, Assam
Family : Euphorbiaceae (Phyllanthaceae)
Genus & species : Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster  (?) 
Habitat: Grows wild on waste places
Habit : Herb, Height about 60 cm.
Flower : male flower at the base, female at the top of the branch
Fruits : Seen

P. fraternus has 5 tepals;
This plant (image -2336) seems to have 6 tepals – but I am no expert in this field.
However, your description of position of the male and female flowers fits P. fraternus.
Am sure the experts will answer your question with explanation.

Looks like Phyllanthus rheedei.


Attaching images of what looks like� Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster (?) collected from Kamrup (Metro) Assam. 
Please ID the plant.
Date :09.06.2013
Location: Kamrup district (Metro)
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Genus & species : Phyllanthus fraternus G.L.Webster (?)
Habitat: Grows wild on hilly slopes
Habit : Herb
Flower :
Fruits : Seen

Can it be Phyllanthus rheedei Wight ?
(FBI restricts the above in Nilghiri, but – efi thread and maybe

ID key can be found in – 1) in a poster – efi thread
2) pdf – Phytology
In P. fraternus leaves have obtuse (or rounded) tips, as per the pdf linked above & FoP.

Searched and found a plate – Plant illustration

Phyllanthus rheedei as per another thread

It is indeed Phyllanthus rheedei


Phyllanthus spp for identification from Nashik : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
sending images of Phyllanthus spp from nandgaon Nashik taken a few months back please identify.

the fruits or the flowers, cant tell which, are fuzzy.
do you have any more pictures?

The leaves are similar to P. rheedei and P. tenellus but without flowers it is not possible to pinpoint the identity.

Phyllanthus fraternus

I also think more closer to images at Phyllanthus rheedei Wight, as suggested earlier by …

Moeroris rheedei (Wight) R.W. Bouman; basionym: Phyllanthus rheedei Wight.


POWO  Catalogue of Life  WCSP  The Plant List Ver. 1.1  Flora of Peninsular India  Flowers of India

Phyllanthus Species: Scientific Evaluation and Medicinal Applications edited by Ramadasan Kuttan, K. B. Harikumar (2011)