India, Nepal as per Catalogue of Life and POWO;
siz-ZY-gee-um — Greek: syzygos (joined), referring to the paired leaves … Dave’s Botanary
sal-iss-ih-FOH-lee-um — having leaves like those of Salix (willow) … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known asHeyne’s eugeniariver plum • Gujaratiજળજાંબુ jalajambu • Hindiकठजामुन kath-jamun • Kannadaಸಿಮ್ಪಿ ನೇರಲೆ simpi nerale • Konkaniभेडस bhedas • Malayalamവെള്ളമഞ്ചി vellamanchi • Marathiभेडस bhedasपान जांभूळ pan jambul • Telugu:చిన్న నేరేడు chinna neredu 

Trees, to 6 m high; branchlets obscurely quadrangular. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 4-5 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 6-10 x 1.3-3 cm, oblong or elliptic, base acute, apex obtuse or retuse, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, pale beneath, glandular punctate; lateral nerves many parallel, close, but slightly irregular, very slender, slightly prominent on both sides, looped at the margin forming intramarginal nerve, intercostae reticulate, slender prominent as lateral nerves. Flowers bisexual bisexual, small, sessile, white, in lateral, terminal or rarely axillary cymes; calyx tube 2 x 3.5 mm, turbinate, no thick disc; petals calyptrate, 3 mm across; stamens many, free, bent inwards at the middle when in bud; filaments 3 mm long; ovary 2-celled; ovules many; style 1; stigma simple. Fruit a berry, obovoid, 1-1.5 x 0.5-0.7 cm, crowned with the cup-like calyx limb

Flowering and fruiting: April-May
Evergreen forests
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from Indian Biodiversity Portal)

Date/Time : March 28, 2010 at 7.48am IST
Location Place : Yeoor Hills (Sanjay Gandhi National Park) … Altitude : 74 m … GPS : 19°14’45.45″N, 72°55’33.33″E
Habitat : wild, growing on dried-up rivulet-bed, moist soil … Type : mixed deciduous forest
Plant Habit : large shrub … Height : about 2 m … Length : – not climber –
Leaves Type : simple with margin entire, oppositely arranged, glabrous … Shape : narrow-elliptic, tapering at both ends, short-petioled … Size : about 7 – 10 cm x 2.5 – 3.5 cm
Inflorescence Type : branched cymes … Size : about 5 – 10 cm
Flowers Size : about 10 mm … Colour : white … Calyx : like a cup … Bracts : no

Fruits Type : yet to see … Shape : yet to see … Size : yet to see … Seeds : do not know
Other Info :
Fragrance : did not smell …  Pollinator : do not know …  Uses : do not know

I think you are absolutely correct this plant is indeed Syzygium heyneanum (Syn: Eugenia heyneana) from the family Myrtaceae. 

This is Syzygium heyneanum

… commonly known as: river plum • Gujarati: જળજાંબુ jalajambu • Hindi: कठजामुन kath-jamun • Kannada: ಸಿಮ್ಪಿ ನೇರಲೆ simpi nerale • Konkani: भेडस bhedas • Marathi: भेडस bhedas, पाण जांबूळ pan-jambul • Oriya: jamkoli • Telugu: చిన్న నేరేడు chinna neredu
The common name in Malayalam is vallamanchi … please validate and help me with it in the native script.

Believe it is now called Syzygium alternans [Pan-Jhambal, Bhedas] – ref: Dr.Almeida’s ‘Flora of Maharashtra’, Vol 2. Sending you some of my photographs taken at my farm.
3 images.

…, the ID is resolved to Syzygium heyneanum
The latest name as per KEW is Syzygium salicifolium (Wight) J.Graham, Cat. Pl. Bombay: 73 (1839).
and …
Homotypic Synonyms:
Eugenia salicifolia Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 2: 16 (1841).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Calyptranthes danca Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Numer. List: 3560 (1831), nom. nud.
Eugenia heyneana Duthie in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 2: 500 (1879).
Eugenia heyneana var. alternans Duthie in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 2: 500 (1879).
Syzygium alternans Miq. ex Duthie in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 2: 500 (1879).
Syzygium heyneanum (Duthie) Gamble, Fl. Madras: 482 (1919).
Syzygium heyneanum var. alternans (Duthie) B.G.Kulk. & Lakshmin., Fl. Maharashtra State, Dicot. 2: 11 (2001).


via Species‎ > ‎S‎ > Syzygium salicifolium (Wight) J.Graham … (familyMyrtaceae)

siz-ZY-gee-um — Greek: syzygos (joined), referring to the paired leaves … Dave’s Botanary
sal-iss-ih-FOH-lee-um — having leaves like those of Salix (willow) … Dave’s Botanary 
commonly known asHeyne’s eugeniariver plum • Gujaratiજળજાંબુ jalajambu • Hindiकठजामुन kath-jamun • Kannadaಸಿಮ್ಪಿ ನೇರಲೆ simpi nerale • Konkaniभेडस bhedas • Malayalamവെള്ളമഞ്ചി vellamanchi • Marathiभेडस bhedasपान जांभूळ pan jambul • Telugu:చిన్న నేరేడు chinna neredu
botanical namesSyzygium salicifolium (Wight) J.Graham … synonymsCalyptranthes danca Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. [Invalid] • Eugenia heyneana Duthie • Eugenia salicifolia Wight • Syzygium alternans Miq. ex Duthie • Syzygium heyneanum (Duthie) Gamble … The Plant List(2010). Version 1

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Photographed at Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park), Thane on 28 MAR 10
More views of this sighting: …………….

Nice compilation of Local / common names and beautiful photographs.

Was at my property at Shahapur on Sunday. Syzygium alternans [Pan-jhambul, Bhedas] was flowering profusely. Sending a few photographs.

Syzygium alternans flowering: Please read the heading as ‘Syzygium alternans flowering’

Syzigium cumini : Attachments (5). 19 posts by 8 authors.
The beautiful flowering of Syzigium cumini seen at Anashi WLS, Karnataka, last week of April, ’10.

The flowers and leaves especially the tender ones in the last picture reminds me of Rose Apple. I may be wrong though.

… the flowers of both are quite similar but S. cumini is yellowish in centre as seen in my pics.

There are 2 different species ie. first 3 pictures are of Syzygium zeylanicum for sure, and the later 2 pictures could be Syzygium cummii. Please see the difference in the inflorescence itself; one is (first 3 pictures) terminal or axis or terminal leaves and the later is born on old stem. Further, if you have taken the late 2 pictures from any riparian (from stream/river with rocks and all) this would again be another species so please tell me from where you have taken the later 2 pictures.

the first three photos may be Syzygium hemisphericum (Wight) Alston (Syn: Eugenia hemispherica Wight, Ic. t. 525. 1842: Jambosa hemispherica (Wight) Walp.) if it has been collected from locations near to streams or river.
Last two photos belong to Syzygium cumini.

Thank you …, Yes there was a dried stream near by. Thank you for both the IDs and sorry fo rthe mix -up.

If you have shot the last 2 pictures from a stream it is not S.cummini nor S.hemisphericum but S.heyneanum. I am working on the pollination ecology of selected Syzygiums in the WG and this is one among them.

Like Giby, i too think it is not S. cumini. http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/26041/

Any key characters differentiating these?

Syzygium zeylanicum has white berries’ as per BV Shetty et. al. in Plant resources of W.Ghats and lowlands of Dakshina kannada & Udipi (2002).

It is not true, If that is the case written in that book. Last season I handled lots of fruits of the S. zeylanicum. Further, color other than flowers, is not a valid character for id. By the way, dear …, I was not mentioning it as S. zeylanicum but S heyneanum. Have you mistaken at some point?

Thank you for the lead and useful facts sir, I understood your point of identification.
I just added more information on this thread, if someone like to compare these species.

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0379-7.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0363-1.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0377-0-0.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0396-5-0.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0372-8-1.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0375-4.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0393-8-2.JPG/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/DSC_0394-2-4.JPGANMAR18/18 Please identify this tree (Syzygium sp.) : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (11)

Family: Myrtaceae
Date: 6th March 2015
Place: Aralam WLS, Kerala
Habit: Short tree

Identified as: Syzygium heyneanum by … (along with … on Facebook)

which specie of Syzigium ??is it Syzigium jambos??confirmthis tree plzzz..from Lahore Pakistan, June 2016 : 11 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)

This is NOT Syzygium jambos

Syzygium species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 

It is Syzygium cuminii

Sir if these are two different varieties then can you tell me its varieties names? and is the flowering fruiting time of these cultivar also different?? beacause Syzigium communi trees and these trees are planted in a single row in my university campus, but all S. communi trees are on fruiting stage now but this Syzigium specie (narrow and elongated leaves) trees are still on flowering now and mostly flowers stamens are shedding. i am sending you its  photo which i captured today. Attachments (1)

now this photo is of Syzigium communi at the same stage but 1 month ago ..I think the number of flowers are also more in Syzigium communi than this unidentified specie of Syzigium. Need experts suggestions. Attachments (1)

can it be Syzigium heyneanum?

Syzygium heyneanum (Duthie) Gamble is a synonym of Syzygium salicifolium (Wight) J.Graham  

I think matches with images at Syzygium salicifolium

Sygyzium for id. no 011116sn1 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Kindly help in Id. could this be S. salicifolium?
date/time: april 15
location: aambyvalley rd., lonavala, pune
height: about 5-6 ft.

Sorry please read it as Syzygium.

Appears close. Pl. check with images at Syzygium salicifolium 


ID KANNUR 19 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 MB
Please identify this herb/ small shrub fron Kannur district of Kerala. Is it a member of Aristolochiaceae?

It is Syzygium sp.

This could mostly be Syzygium salicifolium


Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight: December 11- 24,2014 SN 09 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Syzygium salicifolium (Wight) J.Graham,(= S. heyneanum (Duthie) Gamble)
small wild tree along the margins of river from Cherupuza area of Kannur dt, Kerala

This one is a evergreen tree around 3 to 4 metres high. Leaves are opposite around 7 to 10 cm.
Bot. name: Syzygium heyneanum (Eugenia heyneana)
Family: Myrtaceae
Local name: Pan Jambhul.
Photographed at Navi Mumbai.

Id please : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Please identify this shrub of riparian nature…..looks like myrtaceae

Please try Syzygium heyneanum (for the first  set) which is reported to occur along streams.

To me also appears close to images at Syzygium salicifolium


Regarding identification of the species collected from Gajapati Odisha on April 24: 3 high res. images.


Thank you.

But I do not find any inflorescence directly on the stem.

Close to Syzygium heyneanum??

Yes, it is Syzygium heyneanum