Keys available in BSI Flora of India and Flora of Pakistan
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Tamarix aphylla (L.) H.Karst. (India: In sandy, saline habitats along streams and rivers. Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu; Pakistan, Afghanistan, S.W. Asia and E.,N. & W. Africa as per BSI Flora of India)
(Sahara to India: Afghanistan, Algeria, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia, Yemen; Introduced into: Arizona, California, Canary Is., Dominican Republic, Leeward Is., Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Namibia, Nevada, Phoenix Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Texas, Utah as per POWO)

        
        
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Tamarix arceuthoides Bunge (India: In valleys and along river beds. Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir); Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, China (Tibet) and C.I.S. as per BSI Flora of India)
(Central Asia to Mongolia and W. Himalaya: Afghanistan, China North-Central, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Tadzhikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang as per POWO)

 
    
 

Tamarix dioica Roxb. ex Roth (India: Gregarious along the banks of rivers and streams. Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra; Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar as per BSI Flora of India)
(S. & E. Iran to Myanmar: Afghanistan, Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Iran, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan as per POWO)

       
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Tamarix ericoides Rottler & Willd. (India: On river and stream beds. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu as per BSI Flora of India)
(India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Pakistan (Karachi), Sri Lanka, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)

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Tamarix indica Willd. (Afghanistan to Indian Subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka as per POWO)
(Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Yangon), India (Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu), Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Chitral, Karachi, Sind, Waziristan, Pakistani Punjab), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit), Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Jammu & Kashmir, Vietnam, Morocco (I) as per Catalogue of Life)

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Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb. (E. & SE. Europe to Mongolia and W. Himalaya: Afghanistan, Bulgaria, China North-Central, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Greece, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Mongolia, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Qinghai, South European Russi, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang; Introduced into: Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Cape Provinces, Colorado, Hungary, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Montana, Namibia, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Spain, Texas, Utah, Vietnam, Washington, Wyoming as per POWO)

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BSI Flora of India with details & keys (Volume 3- 1993) (Distribution):

Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karsten (India: In sandy, saline habitats along streams and rivers. Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu; Pakistan, Afghanistan, S.W. Asia and E.,N. & W. Africa)
Tamarix arceuthoides Bunge (India: In valleys and along river beds. Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir); Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, China (Tibet) and C.I.S. )
Tamarix chinensis Lour. (Cultivated in gardens as an ornamental plant)
Tamarix dioica Roxb. ex Roth (India: Gregarious along the banks of rivers and streams. Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra; Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Nepal, Bangladesh and Myanmar)
Tamarix ericoides Rottler & Willd. (India: On river and stream beds. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh)
Tamarix indica Willd. (India: Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu; Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Myanmar)
Tamarix kutchensis Shelty & Pandey (India: Known only by the type collection. Gujarat, Mundra, Mandvi (S.K.jain 11735 BSI))
Tamarix leptostachya Bunge (India: Jammu & Kashmir (Gilgit)- rare; Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, China (Tibet), Mongolia and C.I.S.)
Tamarix pakistanica Qaiser (India: In saline habitats. Gujarat)
Tamarix passerinoides Delile ex Desv. var. macrocarpa Ehrenb. (India: Gujarat; Pakistan, S.W. & W. Asia and N. Africa)

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Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Tamarix
aphylla
(L.) Karsten
Tree Plains,
Cultivated
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All districts  
Tamarix ericoides Rottl. Shrub River
beds
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Kanchee puram  
Tamarix indica Willd. Tree River
beds
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957
Coimbatore,
Thanjavur
 

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Tamarix aphylla Thuja aphylla, Tamarix articulata Tamaricaceae Athel Pine
Tamarix gallica var. indica is a synonym of Tamarix indica Willd. Tamarix indica Tamaricaceae Indian Tamarisk
Tamarix ramosissima Tamarix altaica, Tamarix eversmannii, Tamarix odessana Tamaricaceae Salt Cedar

Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst. (Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Senegal, Sudan, Abyssinia, Eriterea, Somaliland, Kenya), Middle East (Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iraq, Kuwait, Iran) Pakistan, India and Afghanistan)
Tamarix arceuthoides Bunge (Iraq, Iran, Russia, Afghanistan and Pakistan)
Tamarix dioica Roxb. ex Roch (Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, India, Nepal, Bangla Desh and Burma)
Tamarix ericoides Rottl. et Willd. (India, Ceylon, Bengla Desh and Pakistan)
Tamarix indica Willd. (Bangla Desh, Ceylon, India, Pakistan and Afghanistan)
Tamarix leptostachya Bunge (A Central Asian species, distributed in Mongolia, Russia, Western Tibet, Pakistan and Iran)
Tamarix pakistanica Qaiser (Probably endemic to Pakistan)
Tamarix passernioides var. macrocarpa Ehrenb. (Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Algeria, Iraq, Iran, Hussia and Pakistan)
Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb. (Korea, China, Mongolia, Russia, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan)

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Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):
Tamarix dioica Roxb. ex Roth (C. Asia, Afghanistan, Tropical Himalaya, N. India, Burma)

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Tamarix aphylla (Linnaeus) H. Karsten (Cultivated. Taiwan [native to N Africa and SW Asia])
Tamarix arceuthoides Bunge [Afghanistan, Mongolia, Pakistan; C and SW Asia].
Tamarix ramosissima Ledebour [Afghanistan, Mongolia; C and SW Asia, E Europe].

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Tamarix ericoides
Tamarix orientalis Forssk. is a synonym of Tamarix aphylla

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Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)-
Tamarix gallica (?)
Tamarix pallasii auct. sensu DC. = Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb.

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Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details-
Tamarix ericoides 

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The Sundarbans of India: A Development Analysis By Asim Kumar Mandal (2003)-

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Endangered Medicinal Plants By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri
Tamarix : 3 posts by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Tamarix

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Further updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Tamarix


Thank you for the update. I came across another variety in Tamarix Species:
TAMARIX TETRANDA ERECT (Tamarix TE): Which can be seen on the road sides and the dividers in New Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon, and Jaipur. It goes erect beyond 45 feet within two years and even the branches grow in erect position in 30 degrees angle to the main trunk. The trunk attains a girth up to 18 inches within two years of plantation. This offers about 50 MT of biomass per acre per annum. When it is harvested, gets tillers again and need not be up rooted for about 15 years and one can enjoy the annual harvest for biomass purposes. The wood is more suitable for making match sticks compared to the other species. Though this variety has its origin from the deserts of Thar, it has gone to Israel ages ago and even there it was not given attention and only a few trees are visible even in Israel now.

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Tamarix‎‎ (Tamaricaceae) page with comparative images:
Pl. go through‎ Tamarix‎‎ (Tamaricaceae) page with comparative images of species in efloraofindia. On clicking the link of species, one can check the complete details. Genus pages generally give details of most of the species found in India.
I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identification in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genus (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


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