Veronicapersica Poir., Encycl. 8: 542 1808. (Syn: Cardia filiformis Dulac; Cochlidiospermum buxbaumii Opiz; Pocilla persica (Poir.) Fourr.; Veronicabuxbaumii Ten.; Veronicabyzantina BSP.; Veronica cymbalarifolia F.W.Schmidt; Veronicadiffusa Raf.; Veronica filiformis DC.; Veronica hospita Mert. & Koch; Veronicameskhetica Kem.-Nath.; Veronica persica var. aschersoniana (E.B.J.Lehm.) Drabble & J.E.Little; Veronica persica var. corrensiana (E.B.J.Lehm.) Stroh; Veronica tournefortii C.C.Gmelin; Veronica tymphrestea Boiss. & Spruner);
2000 – 3650- March – July- J&K, HP, UK Europe, N. Africa, N.America & S. America, Pakistan, Nepal as per Conspectus of the genus Veronica Linnaeus (Plantaginaceae) in India Priyanka Agnihotri, Veena Dixit and Tariq Husain1 – Pleione 8(1): 9 – 16. 2014;
Karnataka & Tamilnadu as per Flora of peninsular India
Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia), Cyprus (C-Mountains), East Aegaean Isl., Rhodos, Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt), European Turkey, Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq), Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel), Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon), Syria (NW-Syria), Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen), Afghanistan (Baghlan, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar /Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Nangarhar, Takhar), Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Chitral, Drosh, Swat, Peshawar, Hazara, Murree), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit), Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Azores (I) (Santa Maria Isl. (I), Sao Miguel Isl. (I), Terceira (I), Graciosa (I), Sao Jorge (I), Pico (I), Faial (I), Flores Isl. (I)), Madeira (I) (Madeira Isl. (I)), Canary Isl. (I) (Gran Canaria (I), Tenerife (I), La Gomera (I)), Albania (I), Austria (I), Belgium (I), Baleares (I), England (I), Bulgaria (I), Corsica (I), Crete (I), Czech Republic (I), Slovakia (I), Denmark (I), Finland (I), France (I), Germany (I), Greece (I), Ireland (I), Switzerland (I), Netherlands (I), Andorra (I), Spain (I), Gibraltar (I), Hungary (I), Iceland (I), Italy (I), Serbia & Kosovo (I), Montenegro (I), Macedonia (I), Slovenia (I), Croatia (I), Bosnia & Hercegovina (I), Portugal (I), Malta (I), Norway (I), Poland (I), Romania (I), Sardinia (I), Sicily (I), Scandinavia (I), Sweden (I), Crimea (I), European Russia (I), Belarus (I), Ukraine (I), Estonia (I), Latvia (I), Lithuania (I), Northern Caucasus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia [Caucasus], Russian Far East (I), China (I) (Anhui (I), Fujian (I), Guangxi (I), Guizhou (I), Hubei (I), Hunan (I), Jiangsu (I), Jiangxi (I), Xinjiang (I), Yunnan (I), Zhejiang (I)), Taiwan (I), Tibet (I)), Korea (I), Japan (I), Australia (I) (Western Australia (I), South Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I), Tasmania (I)), Algeria (I), Jamaica (I), Panama (I), Costa Rica (I), Guatemala (I), Peru (I), South Africa (I) (widespread), Lesotho (I), Lord Howe Isl. (I), Norfolk Isl. (I), Chatham Isl. (I), South Georgia Isl. (I), Auckland Isl. (I), trop. Africa (I), Zimbabwe (I), Ethiopia (I), Eritrea (I), Ecuador (I), Chile (I), Juan Fdz. Isl. (I), Argentina (I), Brazil (I), Venezuela (I), Uruguay (I), Colombia (I), Bolivia (I), Mexico (I), Mauritius (I), Bhutan (I), India (I), Sri Lanka (I), Nepal (I), Alaska (I), USA (I) (Alabama (I), Arkansas (I), Arizona (I), California (I), Colorado (I), Connecticut (I), District of Columbia (I), Delaware (I), Florida (I), Georgia (I), Iowa (I), Idaho (I), Illinois (I), Indiana (I), Kansas (I), Kentucky (I), Louisiana (I), Massachusetts (I), Maryland (I), Maine (I), Michigan (I), Minnesota (I), Missouri (I), Mississippi (I), Montana (I), North Carolina (I), Nebraska (I), New Hampshire (I), New Jersey (I), New Mexico (I), Nevada (I), New York (I), Ohio (I), Oklahoma (I), Oregon (I), Pennsylvania (I), Rhode Island (I), South Carolina (I), South Dakota (I), Tennessee (I), Texas (I), Utah (I), Virginia (I), Vermont (I), Washington State (I), Wisconsin (I), West Virginia (I), Wyoming (I)), Canada (I) (Alberta (I), British Columbia (I), Manitoba (I), New Brunswick (I), Newfoundland (I), Nova Scotia (I), Ontario (I), Prince Edward Isl. (I), Quebec (I), Saskatchewan (I)), Greenland (I) as per Catalogue of Life;
Persian speedwell, large field speedwell, bird’s-eye or winter speedwell;
Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (Description & Keys- Veronica capitata, cachemirica, lanosa, macrostemon, lasiocarpa, serpyllifolia, verna, arvensis, didyma (syn. of Veronicapolita Fr. as per The Plant List), persica, perpusilla (syn. of Veronicapusilla Kotschy & Boiss. as per The Plant List), uncinata (syn. of Veronicarubrifolia Boiss. as per The Plant List), biloba, campylopoda, stewartii, koelzii, cephaloides (syn. of Veronicaciliata subsp. cephaloides (Pennell) D.Y. Hong as per The Plant List), hirta, nana(syn. of Veronicaciliata subsp. cephaloides (Pennell) D.Y. Hong as per The Plant List), melissaefolia, javanica, cana, umbelliformis (syn. of Veronicaszechuanica subsp. sikkimensis (Hook. f.) D.Y. Hongas per The Plnat List), beccabunga, anagallis-aquatica, secunda, salina & undulata)
As per efi thread :
The species (Veronica didyma syn. of Veronica polita ) is quite distinct from V. persica in smaller pinkish flowers, pedicels shorter than subtending leaves (bracts), broadly triangular ovate leaves (usually broader than long), capsule with rounded lobes, diverging at acute angle or almost subparallel, covered with longer glandular hairs mixed with shorter simpler hairs, broader calyx lobes overlapping at base.
European V. agrestis L. has ovate leaves, longer than width, fruit covered with only glandular hairs and shorter style.
V. persica, though closer to V. didyma is much different in leaf shape and size, length of pedicel and fruit, which has a widely diverging sinus (obtuse angle) and keeled lobes in fruit. Flower is also larger.
V. arvensis, though having similar leaves is much different with subtending bracts much smaller than foliage leaves and aggregated in terminal inflorescence. also the pedicels are much smaller
Herb from Nilgiris for id 160211MK2: (mixed thread): 3 correct images as above.
Please help to id this herb. Could this be any Lindernia sp.? Photographed on a private garden floor at Ooty, Nilgiris.
Date/Time- 24-01-2011 / 11:10 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPca.2200asl; Ooty, TN
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- garden floor
Height/Length- c 10cm long
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- ca.2.5 x 2 cm;
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- pale blue or violetish; c. 0.4 cm across
I hope Veronica persica
I think sir ji is correct
– This is the same plant from Shimla, pic taken in November 2010.
– And we have them flowering now in Dalhousie.. almost the first flower after winter
– Yes one of the very common species of this genus
You have what looks to be V. arvensis mixed – notice the small very short-stalked flowers and the upper flower leaves are like tongues –
Veronica persica from Gulmarg Hills:
Yes .. Nice photographs
please find attached photos of flowering plant from open fields, Srinagar, J & K photographed during third week of March. Requesting id.
Veronica species from Paddar valley J&K:
Bot. name: Veronica persica
Location: Paddar valley J&K
Date:19th May 2012
Altitude: 2100 meters asl
Veronica persica I hope
veronica persica, shivalik hills : Attachments (4). 1 post by 1 author.
a few kilometers from parwanoo
photoraphed in the the month of may
Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Veronica persica from Srinagar -PKA15:: : Attachments (3). 1 post by 1 author.
Had seen this Veronica sp. at Shalimar Baug, Srinagar.
Yes Veronica persica, very good photographs.
Yes, this is indeed Veronica persicaPoir. of Scrophulariaceae.
Yes …, you are right.
Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Veronica persica from Manali-NS 10 : Attachments (3). 6 posts by 3 authors.
Yes … Nice photographs.
Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Veronica persica from Kashmir -GS-51 : Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Veronica persica from Kashmir – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 4 images as above.
Scrophulariaceae fortnight :: Veronica persica in gardens :: DV21 : 3 images. 2 posts by 2 authors.
Veronica persica Poir. … also placed in Plantaginaceae Veronicaceae
in garden of resort at Ooty on 16 NOV 11
Yes the typical Veronica persica picture.
Veronica is the ?only genus with subrotate corolla.
Rotate corolla: wheel-shaped: applied especially to a gamopetalous short-tubed corolla with a spreading limb.
Subrotate : imperfectly (or falling short of) rotate
Bangalore-Ooty November 2013 :: Requesting ID of this plant at Ooty :: 02012014 :: ARK-01: Attachments (4). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Requesting to please ID this plant captured growing wild among the grasses in Ooty in November 2013.
Is this Veronica persica?
I think yes Veronica persica
yes, this is Veronica persica
Thank you … and … for validation…
AKMAR2015 02/02 Please confirm if Veronica persica : 4 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.
I think yes.
What plant/ABMAR09 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
I found this growing near my home. Please help with ID.
Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
6 March 2015
This is Veronica sp. can be V. serpyllifolia..
Thank you once again for your help. Veronica serpyllifolia seems to have rounded leaves (Flowersofindia and Wikipedia) while my sample has more toothed ones. Could it be some other Veronica sp.?
Can this be V. persica?
I think, Veronica persica.
This one too was identified by … as Veronica sp. I took a closer look today and here are the results.
Could this be Veronica persica?
Veronica persica or Birdeye Speedwell–Please confirm.
Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
12 March 2015
I again think Veronica persica.
Veronica javanica Blume SN15April 06 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Veronica javanica Blume, small ascending herb near garden, from Kothagiri area of Nilgiris, Tamilnadu
a Scrophulariaceae plant
Thanks, …. But these look different from those at
It appears to be Veronica persica. Pl. see
Veronica persica ABMAR01/03 : 6 posts by 2 authors. 7 images.
I photographed a couple of specimen this afternoon to share here. I do not have the fruit. Please correct me if I am misidentifying it.
Veronica persica—Birdeye Speedwell, Persian Speedwell
1 March 2016
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
Beautiful and detailed pictures
I did not include the characteristic fruit of this plant in my last message. I looked for it yesterday and photographed it to share here. 4 images.
Lovely. I think seeing for the first time.
I like the blue flower and the fruits. we dont see these in the hot ganges delta
Veronica persica Poir. (accepted name) : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Location: Godawari Botanical Garden, Nepal
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Date: 21 February 2015
Veronica persica is listed from Nepal in ‘Enumeration of Flowering Plants of Nepal’ but only 1 record from 1500m in Central Nepal. This species
is known from W&C Asia and the Himalaya but introduced to E.Asia & America. Given its propensity to spread, it may well be more widespread in Nepal 40 years on from the publication of the Enumeration and much of that was based upon collections made in the 1950s.
Stewart found this Speedwell to be very common in Kashmir @ 1600-2800m.
Flora Simlensis does not list this species.
Flowers of Himalaya does list it as a cornfield weed, common @ 1500-2800m from Pakistan to Central Nepal.
In the UK it is known as ‘Buxbaum’s Speedwell’ – considered to be introduced, first recorded in 1825. Now common in cultivated land throughout the British Isles and has become the commonest species of the genus in this habitat.
I photographed what I understand to be this species in a churchyard in the UK last year. Would be useful to post a selection of these images to have for reference purposes on this data-base, always bearing in mind that the UK variant of a species may be slightly different to form(s) found in the Himalaya – even though there are several postings on the site under this name already. The images I have are close-ups which help view/understand the differences been the species. There were 15 species of Veronica listed for Nepal.
So without CLOSELY checking this may well be correctly identified but the images of the leaves are not in good close-up and it is hard to be certain. According to the Key in ‘Enumeration..’ above, it appears to have the main stem terminating in the inflorescence/flowers; then flowers from axils of alternate leaves (or leaf-like bracts); then stems creeping, ascending in the upper part, leaves petiolate, ovate to orbicular-ovate, obtuse, crenate-serrate. I THINK I can detect these characteristics but cannot see the sepals. So close-ups of the foliage, undersides of flowers which reveal shape of sepals and habit views which would better show the petiolate leaves etc.
Among the listed in Nepal I guess it is matching with Veronica persica Poir.
Enclosing link for further analysis.
I also think matches with images at Veronica persica
Veronica persica Poir. (accepted name) ??? : 10 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (11)
Location: Bojepokhari, Lalitpur, Nepal
Altitude: 4200 ft.
Date: 28 January 2017
I think matches with images at Veronica persica Poir. (accepted name)
I agree with … These are beginning to come out here in Dharamshala too.
herb collected from kodaikanal : 7 posts by 3 authors. 3 correct images- around 800 kb each.
Except first pic, the others seem like any species of Veronica…
Pl. check species under /species/m—z/p/plantaginaceae/veronica
Thank you sir. The first one was Ophiorrhiza, that was mistakenly attached with this, and i had check the link send by … I think the plant we collected was Veronica persica.. I am not sure..if u have suggestions pls inform
Thanks, …, To me also look closer to images at Veronica persica
Veronica persica Poir. ?? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)- 5 large size images.
Location: Nagarkot, Nepal
Date: 2 April 2018
Altitude: 6400 ft.
I also think matches with images at Veronica persica
Veronica persica for Validation : Srinagar, Kashmir : 08JUN20 : AK-11 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
These plants were seen in two locations in Srinagar, during our visit in April,2016.
Yes, appears to be Veronica persica Poir. as per comparative images at Veronica
A small herb seen in Manali.
This should be Persian Speedwell (Veronica persica)
Veronica persica: 2 high res. images.
Location: Rajouri, j and k
Date: 6 March 2021
Veronica polita Fr.
It is correctly identified as Veronica persica Poir. as per images and details herein.
Yes V. persica as pedicels are longer than subtending bract (shorter in V. polita)
You can verify from other features also:
Pedicel slightly shorter than bract; capsule 4-6 mm wide, with inconspicuous reticulate veins, apically notched nearly at an acute angle, lobes rounded; style ca. 1.5 mm, as long as notch or slightly exserted … Veronica polita
Pedicel longer than bract; capsule 6-9 mm wide, with conspicuous reticulate veins, apically notched at a right to an obtuse angle, lobes obtuse; style 2-3 mm, conspicuously exserted … Veronica persica
Veronica persica: 3 high res. images.
i am attaching a file of Veronica persica from Jammu and Kashmir
Most common species found in kashmir at the arrival of spring
Date of Collection: 14-03-2022
In local language we call it “Litchh katchh”
Litchh means nits of lice and katchh means weed .
Yes V. persica, beautiful images
Veronica persica: 2 high res. images.
Yes, nice photo.
Yes, appears close to images at
ID Ooty/05/12/3/23: 2 images.
I think appears close to images at
Veronica opaca does not have any distribution in our area as per POWO.
Plants of Uttarakhand: Chakarata, NSD-2: 1 image.
Appears close to images at
Catalogue of Life The Plant List Ver.1.1 Flora of China FOC illustration Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal Flora of peninsular India Flowers of India India Biodiversity Portal POWO