Viburnum cotinifolium D. Don (Images by Prashant Awale (Identified by Gurcharan Singh) & Anil Thakur (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

Viburnum cylindricum Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don (Images by Nidhan Singh (Identified by D.S.Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Viburnum grandiflorum Wall. ex DC. (Images by Narendra Joshi & Prashant Awale (Identified by Gurcharan Singh) & Anil Thakur (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

Images by Balkar Singh (Identified by Gurcharan Singh, Amit Haryanvi & Anil Thakur) (Inserted by J.M.Garg)


Viburnum nervosum D. Don


Viburnum opulus L. (Cultivated) (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Narendra Joshi (Identified by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Viburnum punctatum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (Images by P. Santhan & Muthu N. Karthick (Identified by Navendu Page, Vijyasankar Raman & C. Kunhikannan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Keys from Flora of Bhutan:
l. Leaves evergreen. lower surface gland-dotted and glabrous except for tufts of hairs in vein axils; corolla tubular; calyx without lobes 5. V. cylindricum
+ Leaves deciduous. lower surface glabrous or hairy; corolla tubular campanulate. campanulate or rotate; calyx lobed . . .. 2
2. Corolla tubular-campanulate to campanulate. tube 3.5mm or more .  . . .. 3
+ Corolla rotate or campanulate. tube less than 2mm . . . .. 5
3. Leaves ovate to broad-ovate. usually 4cm or more wide. densely stellate tomentose below. margin obscurely crenulate-dentate 1. V. cotinifolium
+ Leaves elliptic to obovate. usually 5cm or less wide. sparsely stellate on veins only below. margin serrulate  . . .. 4
4. Flowers occurring before leaves; anthers less than 1 mm…3. V. grandiflorum
+ Flowers occurring with leaves; anthers 1.5mm or more 7. V. erubescens
5. Leaves with all veins on lower surface prominent and densely stellate pubescent. base usually cordate; corolla 5—7mm; corymbs sessile 6. V. nervosum                  
+ Leaves with only main veins on lower surface prominent and sparsely stellate. base truncate or cuneate; corolla 3—2.5mm; corymbs pedunculate …. 6
6. Leaves 2.5—4.5cm +/- elliptic with 1-3 pairs of obtuse teeth or lobes; corolla campanulate  . . . 3. V. foetidum
+ Leaves 4-21.5cm. ovate or oblong-elliptic. serrate with more than 5 pairs of acute teeth; corolla rotate  . . . . .. 7
7. Leaves ovate. usually long acuminate. 4-10(-11.5)cm; drupe c 7.5mm; occurring above 1500m  . .. 2. V. mullaha
+ Leaves oblong-elliptic. short acuminate. 11-21.5cm; drupe c 5mm; occurring below 1350111  .. 4. V. colebrookianum

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name
Buch. – Ham. ex D. Don
Tree Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Viburnum erubescens Wall. ex DC. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Viburnum hebanthum Wight & Arn. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri Badagu,
Viburnum punctatum Buch. – Ham. ex D. Don Tree Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni,

Botanical name Family Common name
Viburnum cotinifolium Caprifoliaceae Smoketree Leaved Viburnum
Viburnum erubescens Caprifoliaceae Reddish Viburnum
Viburnum opulus Caprifoliaceae Snowball Tree


From Biotik:
Viburnum coriaceaum Bl. = Viburnum cylindricum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don
Viburnum erubescens Wall. ex DC
Viburnum hebanthum Wt. & Arn.
Viburnum punctatum Ham. ex G.Don


Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Details with keys


Encyclopaedia of world medicinal plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Brief Details-

Viburnum : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Viburnum

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Pl. go through Viburnum page with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.

Wish you a very happy new year. You are doing wonders, sir.

Regarding Viburnum:
1. All the photographs of Viburnum cotinifolium are with seeds and not flowers. Last photograph does not appears to be of this plant.  I am sending some more photographs clicked at Solan.
2. In Viburnum mullaha, first photograph is of Hedera nepalensis. Here again, plants have only fruits. Kindly find attached photographs of flowers clicked at Shimla.
3. I am sending photographs of one ornamental species of Viburnum (sp. not known) clicked at Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, Shimla. It flowers in Oct.-Nov. in this climate while other native species flower
in March-May.
Sorry, Sir. I was not able to devote time for this assignment. Was
busy with preparation of manuscript for Kashmir University textbook,
which came in the market only yesterday.
Attachments (1)

Thanks a lot, … Pl. see if it’s all right now: Viburnum
For your pictures to be incorporated, it has to be posted as attachments one by one.
I request you to pl. post them accordingly- one species per mail.