Common name: Narrowleaf Rattlepod • Hindi: Khurmana, बन मेथी Ban-methi, चुनचुनी Chunchuni, Saun • Kannada: Giligili gida • Oriya: jhunjhuni • Telugu: Kondagiligichcha
India (N) ; Andhra Pradesh; Arunachal Pradesh ; Assam ; Bihar; Goa; Gujarat ; Haryana ; Himachal Pradesh ; Jammu-Kashmir; Karnataka; Kerala ; Madhaya Pradesh ; Maharashtra; Meghalaya; Orissa; Punjab; Rajasthan; Sikkim; Tamil Nadu; Tripura ; Uttar Pradesh ; West Bengal and other countries as per ILDIS;

Diffuse herbs; branches radiating from a perennial stout root stock. Leaves to 1.5 x 0.5 cm, oblanceolate, obtuse, hairy below. Racemes to 6 cm long, terminal; bracts and bracteoles minute. Flowers 10 mm long, yellow; calyx 9 mm long; lobes unequal; standard 8 mm across, orbicular, hairy on back; wings 8 x 3 mm, rugose; keel glabrous. Pods 9 x 3 mm, obovate, glabrous; seeds few.

Flowering and fruiting: December-January
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi

This species has an extemely wide range. It is native in India, China and many countries in South East Asia from Pakistan to the Philippines and extending south to Papua New Guinea and north to Nepal.
This woody herb is found in dry deciduous and open forests, scrub in jungles and in clearings and open grassland. It is also listed as a weed of rice fields in India (Dubey 2004).
This species is listed as used for medicinal purposes (human as well as veterinary) from a sample site in Andhra Pradesh, India (Shankar et al. 2002). It is recorded as a treatment for warts, especially on the sole of the foot and a juice obtained from the roots is given for indigestion in Nepal (Manandhar and Manandhar 2002).
Citation: Chadburn, H. 2012. Crotalaria albida. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 07 November 2014.


Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight :: Crotalaria for specific id :: Chakrata :: NS OCT 28/28 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
This herb was found from Chakrata area, specific id is requested..!

Crotalaria species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

Crotalaria albida B.Heyne ex Roth


Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Crotalaria sp. for ID from Chakrata:
Crotalaria sp. for ID from Chakrata Tiger fall area
Erect herb nearly 80 cm tall with linear-lanceolate alternate leaves, perhaps 2-3 cm long; flowers yellow, tinged purplish on standard outside, in terminal raceme; pedicel about 6-9 mm long; flower about 1.5-2 cm long, corolla about one and half times as long as calyx; pod somewhat club shaped, broadest at apex, narrowed towards base, almost twice as long as calyx.

It may be Crotalaria montana.

Which species out of the following pl. (as per the Plant list):
Name Status Confi­dence level Source
Crotalaria montana A.Rich. Synonym H ILDIS
Crotalaria montana Roxb. Synonym H ILDIS
Crotalaria montana Roth Accepted H ILDIS

I meant Crotalaria montana Roth which is the accepted name.
The id is yet to be validated.

To me it appears close to the images at Crotalaria albida Roth (syn: Crotalaria montana Roxb.)


Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight: Crotalaria montana from Chakrata-GSOCT09/09 : 7 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (4)

Crotalaria montana Roth.
Annual herb up to 1 m tall with feruginous stem; leaves oblanceolate, oblong to linear, up to 5 cm long, densely hairy beneath, petiole 1 mm long, stipules almost absent; flowers pale yellow in up to 30 cm long raceme; pedicel 3-5 mm long; calyx 8 mm long, pubescent; corolla almost as long, wings slightly shorter than keel, keel with up to 4 mm long beak; pod 6-8 mm long, dark grey to blackish,
Photographed from Chakrata Tiger fall area 

Good write up on species and clear set of images …
Please review id as C. montana has upper calyx teeth connate at apex and fruit is enclosed or scarcely exserted.

Perhaps it may be Crotalaria linifolia L.

Crotalaria albida (=C.montana) to me which is common in mid hills of Uttarakhand.
Please compare with
http://apps.kew.org/herbcat/getImage.do?imageBarcode=K000591108 and
http://apps.kew.org/herbcat/getImage.do?imageBarcode=K000591135 at Kew.


Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight :: Crotalaria for id suggestion:: Chakrata :: NS OCT 29/29  : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
I am again posting pics of a herb recorded from Chakrata, this is quite common along dry patches..
Id is requested..!

Crotalaria species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

It is one of the favourite for tiger butterflies. They suck the juice to get alkaloids. Male butterflies

Pl. check with images at Crotalaria albida Roth


ANDEC59 Which Crotalaria sp. is this?  : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (8)
Mussoorie, Uttarakhand
November 2014

Resembles closely to Crotalaria sp.

I think close to images at Crotalaria juncea L.

Looks like Crotalaria linifolia.

Thanks, …  But images of linifolia look different in EFI site.
Pl. elucidate further. 

Please go through the detailed description given at this link and compare the detailed description  provided therein for stems, furits, seeds etc. and decide the ID. tropicalforages

Its Crotalaria linifolia

Any chance of Yes ! which is quite common in Uttarakhand at this elevation.

I have checked up again with all the recommended species.
It does not match with images at Crotalaria juncea L. & Crotalaria linifolia
I think it is Crotalaria albida as per images herein as pointed out by …


Fabaceae week: Crotalaria pusilla:
Crotalaria pusilla – Collected from Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Nilgiri.

Good Closeup

… can we have some descriptive details of this plant please.

Looks different from images of the same species at ANOCT73 Crotalaria sp. for identification
Also check with florakarnataka.jpg

Also check with

Its not Crotalaria pusilla. Kindly send more images showing diagnostic feature.

Closest match I found is with Crotalaria albida

Crotolaria sp for ID confirmation : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
Pl help me to confirm the ID of the attached Crotalaria sp.
Suggested ID:  Crotalaria albida.
Observed at a height of 600 ft. above MSL., Yellagiri Hills, Tamil Nadu
Much branched shrub of about 45 cms. Leaves simple and linear. Infl terminal  with 6-10 flowers. Corolla Pale yellow.

Its Crotalaria albida var. kangransis

Fully opened flowers observed after 4.00 p.m.
And full view of the plant (habitat)
Attachments (3)

Whether it could be Crotalaria albida ?

Looks like Crotalaria ramossisima

Thanks, …
To me also it appears close to images at Crotalaria albida Roth and does not match with images at Crotalaria ramosissima Roxb.
Thanks, …, for pointing out.

SK 2203 04 October 2019 : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)- 1, 1, 1 & 2 mb.
Location: Pharping, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude: 1786m.
Date: 02 September 2019
Habit : Wild
Crotalaria sp. ? ID ??

Attachments (3)- 1, 2 & 2 mb.

Yes. Did you check the comparative images?

Yes … but could not decide!

Crotalaria albida B.Heyne ex Roth ??

Yes, I also feel close to images at Crotalaria albida

Thank you …! Nepali Names : भेडी फूल Bhedee Phool/ पुतली फूल Putalee Phool


Crotalaria albida B.Heyne ex Roth : 3 posts by 2 authors. No images.
I have noticed 2 posts in the FoI and guess both are same.

Thank you for pointing out this blunder! It has been corrected now.

Thank you … ! Not a blunder as such, just an oversight I guess.

SK 2247 26 October 2019 : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)- 607 kb, 1, 1, 2 & 2 mb.
Location: Lata Bahnjyang, Lalitpur 
Date: 16 September 2019
Elevation: 2106 m.
Habit : Wild
Which Fabaceae ??

Attachments (3)-1,1 & 3 mb.

Pl. check comparative images at Crotalaria

Pl. check with Crotalaria albida Roth

Does it look same as SK 2203 04 October 2019 ?
This one is  extending from wall and the earlier one is upright from ground !

Flora of Bhutan gives the following description:

12. C. albida Roth
Herb or subshrub 30-60cm, stems appressed pale pubescent. Leaves oblanceolate, 2-5><0.3-1.5cm, obtuse, mucronate, base attenuate, sessile, sparsely pilose above, appressed pale pubescent beneath; stipules minute subulate, deciduous. Racemes 5-15-flowered, bracts subulate c 2mm. Calyx 7—10mm, finely appressed pubescent, deeply divided into 5 teeth, upper pair broader, 2.5—3mm broad, lower ones lanceolate, c 1.5mm broad. Petals yellow, standard 7-8><5mm, sometimes purple streaked, wings oblong c 7><2.5mm, keel c 7><4mm upcurved at middle. Pods oblong, 1.5-2><0.5cm, glabrous.
Bhutan: S—-Chukka district, C—Punakha, Tongsa and Mongar districts;
On grassy banks, 1200—1750m. June-October.

Need id of plant 03 from Morena, M.P : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Need id of plant 03 from Morena, M.P
25 October 19

Pls check https://sites.google.com/site/efloraofindia/species/a—l/f/fabaceae/crotalaria

Pl. check with Crotalaria linifolia L.f. as per comparative images at Crotalaria


Thanks … please check one more image of its fruit or seed.

It looks different from Crotalaria linifolia

Fruit in this image look somewhat similar to Crotalaria nana
But earlier images does not appear to be of Crotalaria nana as per images and details herein.

Experts please check 2 more image
Of plant taken on 1st March 2020
1) closeup of flower and leaf
2) Image of whole Plant with flower
Leaf and fruit.

I think Crotalaria albida, please check.

Yes !


ANOCT82 Crotalaria albida : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Nandi Hills
28th October 2014

Yes it is Crotalaria albida Roth


Wild Weed for ID : Tiny Yellow Flowers : Way to Nasik : 18NOV21 : AK – 008: 5 images.
Wild weed with yellow flowers seen on the way from Mumbai to Nasik.
Seems Crotalaria Species.

Crotalaria albida Ruth. ??

Yes, appears close to images at Crotalaria albida
Crotalaria albida Heyne ex Roth


Crotalaria albida Heyne ex Roth: 7 very high images.

Location: Dailekh, West Nepal
Altitude: 622 m.
Date: 13 August 2021 
Habit : Wild 


Crotalaria albida Heyne ex Roth: 6 very high res. images.

Location: Surkhet, West Nepal
Date: 29 August 2021
Altitude: 1153 m.
Habit : Wild




The Plant List Ver.1.1  ILDIS  Flora of China  FOC illustration Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal  IUCN Red List (LC)  An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (Details with keys) 

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