Keys from Flora of Bhutan:
1. Leaves 1 – 3 x pinnate or 3-foliolate …. .. 2
+ Leaves palmate with 3 or more leaflets, or simple, lobed or not ….. 7                
2. Leaves mostly 2 — 3 x pinnate …… .. 3
+ Leaves simply pinnate or 3-foliolate …… .. 4
3. Pedicels articulate at base of flowers; inflorescence glabrous; styles 5, free or shortly connate; fruit subglobose ……. l. Aralia
+ Pedicels not articulate at base of flowers, inflorescence stellate-pubescent; styles 2, free; fruit compressed ……. 2. Heteropanax
4. Leaves simply pinnate with 5 or more leaflets; flowers in racemes or umbels …………. 3. Pentapanax
+ Leaves 3-foliolate ………… .. 5
5. Leaflets subsessile or with petiolules up to l.5cm …. .. 4. Gamblea
+ Petiolules longer than l.5cm ……. .. 6
6. Styles 5, connate almost to apex; leaves always 3-foliolate ….. 3. Pentapanax (P. trifoliatus)
+ Styles 2, connate almost to apex or sometimes truncated; leaves mostly palmately 5-foliolate ……….8. Macropanax
7. Leaves palmate or digitate with more than 3 leaflets (but sometimes 3 in Eleutherococcus) .. .. 8
+ Leaves simple, lobed or not ……. .. 12
8. Herbs, leaves whorled … .. 5. Panax
+ Shrubs, sometimes climbing, or trees; leaves altemate … .. 9
9. Stems spiny ……… .. 10
+ Stems unarmed …….. .. 11
10. Shrubs; umbels solitary or few, not stellate-pubescent; styles 3 or 5, connate or free at apex ……. .. 6. Eleutherococcus
+ Trees; umbels numerous, panicled, sparsely stellate-pubescent when young; styles 2, connate to apex …….. .. 7. Brassaiopsis
11. Pedicels articulate at base of flowers; styles 2, connate almost to apex or sometimes truncated ….. .. 8. Macropanax
+ Pedicels not articulate at base of flower; styles 5, connate throughout, stigma obscurely 5-lobed …. .. 9. Schefflera

 

Aralia cachemirica Decne. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Nidhan Singh, Balkar Singh & Dinesh Valke (Id by Gurcharan Singh & Amit Chauhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Aralia species ?- Kedarnath (Images by Amit Chauhan (Id suggestion by Giby Kuriakose) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

 


Aralia thomsonii Seem. ex C.B.Clarke (SE. India, E. Himalaya to China (Yunnan, Guangxi) and Peninsula Malaysia: Assam, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Malaya, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO)

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Aralia species ?- Assam (Images by Jatindra  (Id  suggestion by Bimal Sarkar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Brassaiopsis glomerulata (Blume) Regel (Images by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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(Images by Nick (Id by M K Pathak) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Brassaiopsis shweliensis W.W.Sm. (Images by Ushaprabha Page (Id by M K Pathak) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Fatsia japonica (Thunb.) Decne. & Planch. (Cultivated) (Images by P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Hedera helix L. (Cultivated) (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Gurcharan SinghPankaj Kumar & Vijayasankar Raman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))


Hedera nepalensis K.Koch (Images by Ashwini Bhatia, Balkar Singh (Validated by D S Rawat) & Alka Khare (Id by Narian Singh Chauhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Heteropanax fragrans (Roxb.) Seem. (Image by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary)

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Hydrocotyle conferta Wight (Image by Siva Siva (ID by Santhosh Kumar), photographed in Sri Lanka)


Hydrocotyle himalaica P.K. Mukh. (Images by Nidhan Singh (ID by Gurcharan Singh))

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Hydrocotyle javanica Thunb. (Images by A.Shivaprakash and Anurag N.Sharma & D.S. Rawat (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. (Images by D.S.Rawat (1,2) and Nidhan Singh (3,4 -ID by Gurcharan Singh))

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Hydrocotyle verticillata Thunb. (Images by Alka Khare 1,2-ID by Gurcharan Singh) and Gurcharan Singh (3,4))

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Osmoxylon lineare (Merr.) Philipson (Cultivated) (Images by Aarti S Khale (Id by Gurcharan Singh & Ajinkya Gadave) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 

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Panax assamicus R.N.Banerjee (Images by Karuna Kanta Das (Id by Shiva K. Sharma) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Panax ginseng or P. pseudo-ginseng ?- Meghalaya (Images by Ushaprabha Page (Id by Basant Kumar Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Polyscias balfouriana (André) L.H.Bailey (Image by Aarti Khale – identified by Ajinkya Gadave, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Polyscias cumingiana (C.Presl) Fern.-Vill. (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade – identified by Ajinkya Gadave)

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Polyscias fruticosa (L.) Harms (Images by (Siva Siva – identified by Ajinkya Gadave) & (Bhagyashri Ranade – identified by Ajinkya Gadave), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Polyscias guilfoylei (W.Bull) L.H.Bailey (Images by (Siva Siva- identified by Ajinkya Gadave) & (Aarti Khale –  identified by Ajinkya Gadave), (inseretd by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Polyscias pinnata J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. (Images by (Siva Siva – identified by Ajinkya Gadave) & (Anurag Sharma – identified by Santhan P), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg (Images by (Aarti Khale- validation by Promila Chaturvedi) & (Sourav Mahmud – identified by Pudji Widodo), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Schefflera actinophylla (Endl.) Harms (Cultivated) (Images by tspkumar)

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Schefflera arboricola (Hayata) Merr. (Images by (Aarti Khale – identified by Ajinkya Gadave) & (Bhagyashri Ranade – identified by Pankaj Kumar), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 

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Images by Sourav Mahmud – (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)

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Schefflera hypoleuca (Kurz) Harms (Image by Nick Macer – identified by M.K.Pathak, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 

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Schefflera pueckleri (K. Koch) Frodin ? (Images by Aarti Khale – identified by Divya Umesh, (inserted  by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Schefflera shweliensis W.W.Sm. (Images by Nick Macer – identified by Mr Frodin, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Schefflera venulosa (Wight & Arn.) Harms (Images by (Anurag Sharma – identified by Tapas Chakrabarty), (Satish Phadke – identified by Ajinkya Gadave), Ajinkya Gadave & N.S.Dungriyal, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Species & genera pages of Araliaceae in efloraofindia are now with images.
It involved inserting images on around 30 species pages (say around 100 images) & 10 genera pages. It also involved correctly identifying some of the threads, putting them at their proper place, proper formatting of the species pages etc.
I request our members to pl. take up one family each & try to make efloraofindia more constructive. We will be rendering what ever assistance is required by the members, in this matter.

 

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