Artemisia absinthium L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Artemisia amygdalina Decne. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Artemisia annua L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh & D S Rawat (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 



Artemisia brevifolia Wall. ex DC. (Afghanistan to W. Tibet and W. Himalaya as per POWO)

Artemisia capillaris Thunb. (Images by Alok (Id by Amit Chauhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))


Artemisia dubia Wall. ex Besser

Artemisia gmelinii Weber ex Stechm. (images by Saroj Kumar Kasaju (id by Chris Chadwell) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Artemisia hedinii Ostenf. & Paulson (China (Gansu, SW-Nei Mongol, Qinghai, W-Sichuan, N-Xinjiang, W-Yunnan), Tibet, India (Himalayas), Nepal, N-Pakistan, Tajikistan, Sikkim, Chumbi as per CoL)


Artemisia indica Willd.



Artemisia japonica Thunb. (Images by Nidhan Singh (Id by Gurcharan Singh). Gurcharan Singh & Aarti S Khale (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links) 



Artemisia macrocephala Jacquem. ex Besser (Images by Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))


Artemisia maritima L. (Images by Suresh Rana (Validation by Tanay Bose) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Artemisia minor Jacquem. ex Bess. ? (Himalaya to S. Xinjiang and China (W. Gansu): China North-Central, East Himalaya, Qinghai, Tibet, West Himalaya, Xinjiang as per POWO)

Artemisia nilagirica (C.B.Clarke) Pamp.



Artemisia roxburghiana Wall. ex Besser (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Artemisia salsoloides Willd. (E. Europe to W. Siberia and W. Himalaya: Central European Rus, East European Russia, Kazakhstan, North Caucasus, South European Russi, Ukraine, West Himalaya as per POWO)

Artemisia santolinifolia Turcz. ex Besser (Images by Prashant Awale (Id by Miroslav Dvorsky) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kitam. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Artemisia stelleriana Besser (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Aarti S Khale (Id by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Artemisia stricta Edgew. ? (Central Asia to Central China and Himalaya: China North-Central, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Nepal, Qinghai, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, West Himalaya, Xinjiang as per POWO)


Artemisia tournefortiana Rchb. (Türkiye to Central Asia and W. Himalaya: Afghanistan, California, East Himalaya, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Mongolia, Nepal, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang; Introduced into: Amur, Baltic States, Belgium, Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine as per POWO)

Artemisia vestita Wall. ex Besser (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Suresh Rana (Validation by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Shrub Western Ghats
& Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Dindigul, Nilgiri,  Salem, Tirunelveli,
Virudhu nagar
Artemisia nilagirica (Clarke) Pamp. Shrub Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Cultivated
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Salem, Theni
Artemisia pallens Wall. ex DC. Herb Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of East
Asiatic  Region
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Artemisia sieversiana Ehrh. ex Willd. Herb Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of East
Asiatic  Region
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987

Artemisia austriaca L. (? Artemisia austriaca Jacq.) (Cultivated (?) as no distribution in India as per FOC & GRIN)
Artemisia cina BERG. (Cultivated (?) as no distribution in India as per GRIN)
Artemisia maritima L. (Cultivated (?) as no distribution in India as per GRIN)
Artemisia vulgaris AUCT.NON L. (Artemisia vulgaris Burm.f. is a synonym of Artemisia vulgaris L.)

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Artemisia absinthium Asteraceae Wormwood
Artemisia amygdalina Asteraceae Almond Wormwood
Artemisia gmelinii Artemisia santolinifolia, Artemisia racemifera Asteraceae Gmelin’s Wormwood
Artemisia japonica Oligosporus japonicus Asteraceae Japanese Wormwood
Artemisia macrocephala Artemisia akbaitalensis, Artemisia griffithiana, Artemisia sieversiana var.
Asteraceae Large-Flowered Wormwood
Artemisia nilagirica Artemisia vulgaris var. nilagirica Asteraceae Indian Wormwood
Artemisia roxburghiana Artemisia purpurascens, Artemisia eriocephala Asteraceae Roxburgh’s Wormwood
Artemisia scoparia Artemisia elegans, Artemisia gracilis Asteraceae Redstem Wormwood
Artemisia stelleriana (Cultivated) Asteraceae Beach Wormwood
Artemisia vestita Asteraceae Russian Wormwood

Artemisia absinthium Linnaeus (Temperate Eurasia and N. Africa; introduced and naturalized in USA and Canada)
Artemisia amygdalina Decne. (Endemic to Pakistan (North West Frontier Province) and Kashmir)
Artemisia annua Linnaeus (Central & South Europe, Turkey, S. Russia, Palestine, Syria, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and South China; introduced and naturalised in Canada and U. S. A.)
Artemisia biennis Willd. (Turkey, USSR, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, China and N. America)
Artemisia capillaris Thunb. (Pakistan eastwards to Japan and northwards to Mongolia and Soviet Union (Udsk, Ussuri and Sakhalin))
Artemisia desertorum Spreng. (Pakistan (Kashmir, Ladakh), India, China, Mongolia and Russia (E. Siberia, Usk Ussuri and Zeya Bureya))
Artemisia dracunculus Linnaeus (Europe eastwards to Siberia, China, Mongolia and North America (probably introduced and naturalized))
Artemisia dubia Wall. ex Besser (Pakistan, Northern India, China, Xizang and Nepal)
Artemisia elegantissima Pamp. (Pakistan (Chitral), Kashmir and India)
Artemisia gmelinii Web. ex Stechm. (Mongolia, China, Russia (W. & E. Siberia, Far East), and Indo-Pakistan subcontinent (N. W. Himalayas))
Artemisia incisa Pamp. (N. W. Himalayas, Hindu Kush (Pakistan, Kashmir, N E Afghanistan) and India (Himachal Pradesh))
Artemisia japonica Thunb. (Japan, Korea, China, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Eastern Afghanistan and Eastern Soviet Union (Ussuri))
Artemisia macrocephala Jacquem. ex Besser (China, Mongolia, Tibet, Russia (Siberia, Tian Shan, Pamir Alai), India, Pakistan
and Afghanistan)
Artemisia minor Jacquem. ex Besser (Pakistan, India, Sikkim and China (Xizang))
Artemisia moorcroftiana Wall. ex DC. (China, India and Pakistan)
Artemisia persica Boiss. (Tibet, Indo-Pakistan subcontinent (Himalaya, Karakorum and Hindukush), Afghanstan, Soviet Union (Tian Shen & Pamir Alai) and Iran)
Artemisia roxburghiana Wall. ex Besser (S. China, N. India, Nepal, Pakistan, and N. E. Afghanistan)
Artemisia santolinifolia Turcz. ex Krasch. (Pakistan, N. W. India, Afghanistan, Soviet Union, Central Asia, China and Mongolia)
Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit. (C & E Europe, Iraq, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan (Balochistan, N. W. F. P., and Punjab), N. W. India, China, Mongolia, Russia)
Artemisia sieversiana Ehrh. (China, N. W. India, Tibet, Pakistan (Gilgit, Chitral, Hunza, Baltistan, Kashmir), N. E. Afghanistan, Mongolia, Soviet Union (Siberia), Baltic and Central Asia)
Artemisia stricta Edgew. (Pakistan, Afghanistan, Pamir, India and China (Xizang))
Artemisia vulgaris Linnaeus (North Africa, Europe eastwards to Caucasia, Turkestan, Siberia, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, N. W. India; introduced and naturalised in N. America)

Artemisia biennis Willd. (Asia, N. America)
Artemisia campbellii Hook. f. & Thoms. ex C.B. Clarke (Nepal, Bhutan, China, Kashmir, N. Pakistan)
Artemisia caruifolia Buch.-Ham. (India, Himalaya, Assam, Burma, China)
Artemisia demissa Krasch.  [Afghanistan, India, Tajikistan]
Artemisia desertorum Spreng. (Nepal, China, N. India, N. Pakistan)
Artemisia dubia Wall. ex Besser (Himalaya, China, Korea, Japan)
Artemisia gmelinii Weber ex Stechm. (Siberia, C. Asia, Himalaya, Tibet, Mongolia, N. China)
Artemisia incisa Pamp. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal))
Artemisia indica Willd. (India, Himalaya, Burma, Thailand, S. China, Japan)
Artemisia japonica var. lanata Pamp. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal))
Artemisia roxburghiana var. roxburghiana Besser (Afghanistan, Karakoram, Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal))
Artemisia rutaefolia Stephan ex Spreng. (Nepal, Afghanistan, China, N. India, Japan, Kashmir, Korea, Mongolia, N. Pakistan, USSR)
Artemisia stricta Edgew. (Himalaya, Tibet, S.W. China (Yunnan)) 
Artemisia verlotorum Lamotte (Nepal, China, N. India, Indonesia, Japan, S. Korea, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Asia minor, Europe, Africa)
Artemisia vestita Wall. ex Bess (Nepal, China, N. India, Kashmir, N. Pakistan)
Artemisia wallichiana Besser (Himalaya, Tibet, China (Sikang))

Artemisia absinthium Linnaeus [Afghanistan, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia; N Africa, SW Asia, Europe, North America]
Artemisia annua Linnaeus [widely distributed in N Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America]
Artemisia austroyunnanensis Y. Ling & Y. R. Ling [Bhutan, N India, N Myanmar, N Thailand, N Vietnam]
Artemisia caruifolia var. caruifolia [N India, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, N Vietnam]
Artemisia demissa Krascheninnikov [Afghanistan, India, Tajikistan]
Artemisia desertorum var. desertorum  [N India, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, N Pakistan, E Russia].
Artemisia dracunculus var. dracunculus  [Afghanistan, N India, Mongolia, N Pakistan, Russia; C and SW Asia, C, E, and W Europe, North America].
Artemisia dubia var. dubia [Bhutan, India, Japan, Nepal, Thailand].
Artemisia gmelinii var. gmelinii [Afghanistan, N India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, N Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan].
Artemisia hedinii Ostenfeld in Hedin [N India, Nepal, N Pakistan, Tajikistan].
Artemisia incisa Pampanini  [Afghanistan, India, Kashmir, Nepal, N Pakistan].
Artemisia indica var. indica [India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Philippines, N Thailand, Vietnam; North and Central America, Oceania].
Artemisia japonica var. japonica [Afghanistan, Bhutan, N India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, E Russia, Thailand, Vietnam].
Artemisia lactiflora var. lactiflora [Cambodia, N India, Indonesia, Laos, Singapore, N Thailand].
Artemisia lancea Vaniot [India, Japan, Korea, E Russia].
Artemisia macrocephala Jacquemont ex Besser [Afghanistan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan; SW Asia].
Artemisia minor Jacquemont ex Besser [N India, N Pakistan; SW Asia (Iran)].
Artemisia moorcroftiana Wallich ex Candolle  [Bhutan, India, N Pakistan].
Artemisia myriantha var. myriantha [Bhutan, N India, N Myanmar, Nepal, N Thailand].
Artemisia parviflora Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka].
Artemisia persica var. persica [Afghanistan, N India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar, N Pakistan, Tajikistan; SW Asia (Iran)].
Artemisia roxburghiana var. roxburghiana [Afghanistan, N India, Nepal, N Thailand].
Artemisia scoparia Waldstein & Kitaibel [Afghanistan, India, Japan, Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Thailand; C and SW Asia, Europe].
Artemisia sericea (Besser) Weber ex Stechmann [India, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, N Pakistan, Russia; E Europe].
Artemisia sieversiana Ehrhart ex Willdenow [Afghanistan, India, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; E Europe].
Artemisia stricta var. stricta [Bhutan, N India, Nepal].
Artemisia vestita Wallich ex Besser  [N India, Nepal, N Pakistan]. 
Artemisia vulgaris var. vulgaris [Afghanistan, Japan, Mongolia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Russia, N Thailand, N Vietnam; Africa, SW Asia (Iran), Europe, North America].
Artemisia wellbyi Hemsley & H. Pearson [N India].


Indigenous Drugs Of India By Chopra R N, I.C. Chopra (1940s)- Details-


Artemisia By Colin W. Wright (2003)- Details

Artemisia abrotanum L. (Cultivated)
Artemisia apiacea Hance Synonym of Artemisia caruifolia Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. 
Artemisia cina BERG. (Cultivated) 
Artemisia passiflora Rox. (?)


World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy By Johannes Seidemann (2005)- Details-


Traditional Medicines for Modern Times: Antidiabetic Plants edited by Amala Soumyanath (2005)- Details-


Indian Encyclopaedia, Volume 1 edited by Subodh Kapoor
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007)- Details with keys

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys


Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Details-

Floristic Diversity and Conservation Strategies in India: Angiosperms (selested groups) and ethnobotany by V. Mudgal, P. K. HajraBotanical Survey of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests, 2001-  
Artemisia elegantissima var. kumaonensis– NW Himalaya (Artemisia elegantissima Pamp. is a synonym of Artemisia indica var. elegantissima (Pamp.) Y.R.Ling & Humphries)
Artemisia eriocephala Pamp. – NW Himalaya (is a synonym of Artemisia roxburghiana Wall. ex Besser)
Artemisia filiformilobulata Y.R.Ling & Puri – NW Himalaya  …………………

Artemisia : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Artemisia (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Pl. go through Artemisia page Asteraceae (Compositae)) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


Artemisia spp. in HP and Uttarakhand:
… there are quite a number of Artemisia spp. in HP and Uttarakhand not listed in eFI.

Artemisia sect. Dracunculus disk florets male, stryle shorter than corolla
A. dracunculus eFlora 40-150 cm capitula 2-5 mm HP, JK, Uttara khand
A. scoparia 40-90-130 cm, capitula 1.5-2 mm diam.
Artemisia stricta GBIF eFlora 10-40-90 cm, densely spicate on panicle, capitula 1.5-2.5 mm HP, JK, Uttara khand, Sikkim
Artemisia sect. Abrotanum disk florets bisexual, style as long as or longer. plants not glandular or viscid
A. annua 70-160 cm, stem leaf yellow or yellowish, gland dotted capitula 1.5-2.5 mm JK, Uttara khand
A. caruifolia 30-150 cm, leaf abaxiall green, not gland dotted, capitula 3.5-5 mm Uttara khand
Artemisia hedinii GBIF eFlora phyllaries rown or purple brown scarius, 15-60-100 cm Uttara khand
Artemisia tournefortiana GBIF eFlora 40-200 cm, spike like, capitula 1.5-2 mm NOT A. biennis Willd., HP, JK
Artemisia sect. Artemisia capitula ellipsoid or olong, rarely subgloose, middle leaf more than 2 mm wide
A. nilagirica 20-60 cm tall, capitula 1-2 mm
Artemisia borealisiamensis POWO eFlora 50-120 cm, 2-3 mm capitula in road panicle HP, JK, Uttara khand
Artemisia roxburghiana Wall. ex Besser eFlora Uttara khand
Artemisia roxburghiana Wall. ex Besser var. hypoleuca (Edgew.) Pamp. JK, Uttara khand
Artemisia roxburghiana Wall. ex Besser var. purpurascens (Jacq. ex Besser ) POWO eFlora JK, Uttara khand
Artemisia campbellii eFlora 20-35 cm, leaf balde abaxially densely gray or yellowish, adaxially glabrous Sikkim
Artemisia elegantissima var. kumaonensis POWO eFlora 80-150 cm, capitula sessile, oblong 3-4 x 2 mm Uttara khand
Artemisia incisa eFlora 100-150 cm, capitula ellipsoid, 3-5 mm, in narrow to road paniculate 2 var. JK, HP
Artemisia moorcroftiana GBIF eFlora 50-70 cm, narrow panicle, capitula 4-6 mm HP, JK, Uttara khand, Sikkim
Artemisia robusta GBIF eFlora 100-200 cm, capitula 3.5-5 mm, Uttara khand
Artemisia verlotiorum GBIF eFlora lucidcentral HP, JK, Uttara khand
Artemisia vulgaris POWO eFlora HP, JK, Uttara khand, Sikkim
Artemisia sect. Latilobus
Artemisia desertorum eFlora 10-70-90 cm. capitula 1.5-3 mm, in raceme like panicle 2 var. HP,JK, Uttara khand
Artemisia parviflora Roxb. ex D.Don eflora Sikkim
Artemisia sect. Absinthium
Artemisia minor GBIF eFlora caespitose dwarf, 10-15 cm, capitula 6-9, secund HP, JK, Sikkim
Artemisia persica eFlora 25-70 cm, capitula secund nodding, hemispheric, 3-4 mm JK, HP, Uttara khand
Artemisia rutifolia POWO eFlora 20-80 cm, capitula 3-9 mm HP
Artemisia sect. Viscidipubes
Artemisia myriantha eFlora 70-120 cm, capitula olong to oblog-ovoid 1.5-3 mm 2 var. JK, Uttara khand, Sikkim, Aruna. P
Artemisia thellungiana GBIF eFlora 50-80 cm, panicle, capitula 2.5-3 mm E. Himalaya
Section – Unknown
Artemisia austrohimalayana Y.R.Ling & Puri POWO GBIF syn. A. tennuifolia Ling, Puri. HP, Uttara khand
Artemisia filiformilobulata POWO HP, JK, Uttara khand
Artemisia salsoloides GBIF eFlora 20-40 cm, capitula 3-4 mm 2 var., HP, JK, Uttara khand, Sikkim

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *