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Clematis napaulensis DC. (China (S-Guizhou, Yunnan), Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Sagaing), India (Uttar Pradesh) as per Catalogue of Life)
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Clematis viticella L. (Cultivated)

Images by Nabha Malini (id by Gurcharan Singh), Gurcharan Singh & Promila Chaturvedi (id by Aarti S Khale) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)

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Rau (1993)
in Flora of India Vol-1 have mentioned presence of following species of Clematis in India-

  1. Clematis acuminata DC. [subsp. acuminata; sikkimensis] line diagram given
  2. C. acutangula Hook.f. & Thomson
  3. C. andersonii (C.B.Clarke ex Kuntze) H. Eichler
  4. C. apiculata Hook.f. & Thomson (line diagram given)
  5. C. barbellata Edgew.
  6. C. borrdillonii Dunn
  7. C. buchananiana DC.
  8. C. cadmia Buch.-Ham ex Hook.f. & Thomson
  9. C. connata DC. [vars. connata; lanceolata] line diagram given
  10. C. fulvicoma Rehder & E.H. Wilson
  11. C. gouriana (Roxb.) ex DC.
  12. C. grata Wallich
  13. C. graveolens Lindl.
  14. C. grewiiflora DC.
  15. C. hedysarifolia DC.
  16. C. heynei M.A.Rau & al.
  17. C. ladakhiana Grey- Wilson
  18. C. meyeniana Walp.
  19. C. montana Buch.-Ham. ex DC. [subsp. montana; praecox] line diagram given
  20. C. munroiana Wight
  21. C. napaulensis DC.
  22. C. orientalis L. [vars. orientalis; latifolia; tenuifolia]
  23. C. puberula Hook.f. & Thomson
  24. C. roylei Rehder [vars. patens; roylei]
  25. C. smilacifolia Wall. [subsp. andamanica; smilacifolia]
  26. C. songorica Bunge var. aspleniifolia (Schrenk) Trautv.
  27. C. tangutica (Maxim.) Korsh.
  28. C. theobromina Dunn
  29. C. tibetana Kuntze
  30. C. tongluensis (Bruhl) Tamura [vars. khasiana; tongluensis]
  31. C. wattii J.R. Drumm. & Craib syn. of C. buchananiana DC.
  32. C. wightiana Wall. is a synonym of Clematis hirsuta
  33. C. zemuensis W. W. Sm. 
  34. C. udayanii Anilkumar (based on Anilkumar, 2013)

Note-

Clematis sikkimensis was considered by author as C. acuminata susp. sikkimensis which is now C. siamensis.
C.tortuosa (= C.buchananiana var. tortuosa Hook.f. & Thoms.) and other varieties like rugosa, vitifolia of Hook.f. & Thomson were merged by author into C. buchananiana.

References: 

Rau, M.A. 1993. Ranunculaceae. In; Sharma, B.D., Balakrishnan, N.P., Rao, R.R. and Hajra, P.K. (eds.) Flora of India vol-1 Ranunculaceae- Barclayaceae. Botanical
Survey of India, Calcutta.
 pp 52-80.

Uniyal, B.P. 2002. Ranunculaceae. In; Singh, N.P., Singh, D.K. & Uniyal, B.P. (eds.) Flora of Jammu & Kashmir vol-1 Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (Ranunculaceae- Moringaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp.365-439.


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Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Clematis
gouriana
Roxb. ex DC.
Climbing Shrub Western Ghats
& Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tiruvannamalai,
Viluppuram  
Clematis munroiana Wight Climbing
Shrub
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Nilgiri, Theni, Tirunelveli
Clematis smilacifolia Wall.  Climbing
Shrub
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Clematis theobromina Dunn Climbing
Shrub
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Endemic
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri
Clematis wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn. is a synonym of Clematis hirsuta Woody
Climber
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Nilgiri

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Botanical name   Synonyms   Family   Common name
Clematis barbellata   Clematis barbellata var. obtusa   Ranunculaceae   Brown Clematis
 
Clematis connata     Ranunculaceae   Himalayan Clematis
 
Clematis flammula     Ranunculaceae   Fragrant Virgin’s Bower
 
Clematis gouriana     Ranunculaceae   Gourian Clematis
 
Clematis grata   Clematis cordata, Clematis vitalba subsp. grata   Ranunculaceae   Charming Clematis
 
Clematis hedysarifolia     Ranunculaceae   Burman Clematis
 
Clematis heynei   Clematis triloba   Ranunculaceae   Deccan Clematis
 
Clematis hirsuta     Ranunculaceae   Hairy Clematis
 
Clematis ladakhiana   Clematis orientalis var. longifoliolata, Clematis orientalis var.
acutifolia
  Ranunculaceae   Ladakh Clematis
 
Clematis montana     Ranunculaceae   Anemone Clematis
 
Clematis recta     Ranunculaceae   Erect Clematis
 
Clematis roylei     Ranunculaceae   Royle’s Clematis
 
Clematis tibetana var. vernayi   Clematis vernayi, Clematis tibetana subsp. vernayi   Ranunculaceae   Vernay’s Tibetan Clematis
 
Clematis viticella   Anemone viticella, Clematis baccata, Clematis pulchella   Ranunculaceae   Purple Clematis

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Clematis alpina var. sibirica (No distribution in India)
Clematis aspleniifolia (No distribution in India)

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Clematis alternata (No distribution in India)
Clematis bracteolata (No distribution in India)
Clematis phlebantha (No distribution in India)
Clematis rehderiana (No distribution in India)
Clematis staintonii (No distribution in India)
Clematis terniflora (Cultivated)
Clematis tripartita (No distribution in India)
Clematis wallichii (No distribution in India)
Clematis zemuensis

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A NEW SPECIES OF CLEMATIS L. (RANUNCULACEAE) FROM WESTERN GHATS OF KERALA, INDIA by K.A. Anilkumar- International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences- Received: 13th August-2013 Revised: 20th August -2013 Accepted: 29th August-2013-
ABSTRACT: Clematis udayanii Anilkumar, a new species of Clematis from Palakkad district, Kerala is described and illustrated. It is morphologically similar to Clematis theobromina Dunn by opposite 3-foliolate leaves, foliaceous bracts and glabrous filaments; but distinguished from it in the several ribbed stem, broadly ovate-oblong leaves with crenate margin, faint lateral leaves, trichotomously branched long panicle inflorescence with many large flowers, sepals purplish on adaxial side, anthers with prominent connective and erect anthers after anthesis and compressed, short tailed achenes with hooked tip.

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