Comparative images of this family except those of Rhamnus and Ziziphus (which can be seen by clicking on these links) are given below:


Berchemia edgeworthii Lawson (China (NW-Yunnan, W-Sichuan), S-Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir), Pakistan (Baluchistan, Waziristan, Kurram, Chitral, Hazara), NW-India (Uttar Pradesh) as per Catalogue of Life)



Berchemia floribunda (Wall.) Brongn. (China (Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Henan, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan), Tibet, South Korea, India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam), Nepal, Bhutan, Vietnam, Myanmar [Burma] (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Shan), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch), Laos as per Catalogue of Life)


 


Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn. (Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland), New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, SE-Kenya, E-Tanzania, Mozambique, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Seychelles, Madagascar, Comoros (Mayotte, etc.), peninsular Malaysia (all coasts), Singapore, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, New Guinea, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Isl., Sulawesi, China (S-Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi), Taiwan, India (Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Andamans (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobars (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma], Philppines (throughout), Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Maldives, American Samoa (Manua Isl., Tutuila, Aunu’u, Ofu, Olosega, Ta’u), Cook Isl. (Rarotonga), Mapia Isl., Marquesas Isl. (Ua Huka), Micronesia (Yap, Ulithi, Truk, Moen, Dublon, Eten, Gatulel, Uman, Lukunor, Satawan, Pohnpei, Kosrae), Nauru, Niue, Northern Marianas (Maug, Agrihan, Pagan, Alamagan, Guguan, Sarigan), Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Koror, Ngarakabesang, Malakal, Aulupse’el, Ngeanges, Peleliu, Angaur, Sonsorol, Tobi), Society Isl. (Mopelia Atoll, Tahiti, Raiatea, Tahaa, Bora Bora, Tetiaroa Atoll, Tupai), Southern Marianas (Saipan, Tinian, Rota, Guam), Tonga (Late Isl., Tongatapu, ‘Eua, Nomuka, Lifuka, Vava’u, Niuatoputapu), Tuamotu Arch. (Makatea Isl.), Western Samoa (Aleipata Islands, Upolu, Savaii), Austral Isl. (Tubuai, Rurutu), Volcano Isl. (Iwojima), Hawaii (Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, West Maui (Launiupoko)), Rotuma Isl., USA (I) (Florida (I)), Jamaica (I), Lesser Antilles (I) (Guadeloupe (I), Martinique (I)), Bahamas (I), Cuba (I), Mexico (I), Belize (I), Honduras (I) as per Catalogue of Life)



Gouania leptostachya DC. (China (Guangxi, Yunnan), Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar [Burma] (Taninthayi, Yangon), Bhutan, Nepal, peninsular Malaysia, Philippines (Luzon to Mindanao), India (Assam, Darjeeling, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Maharashtra), Andamans (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobars (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)

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Gouania microcarpa DC. (India (Punjab), Jammu & Kashmir, Malaysia, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mon, Taninthayi), Sri Lanka, Indonesia as per Catalogue of life & Maharastra, Karnataka & Kerala as per ENVIS – FRLHT)

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Gouania napalensis Wall. (Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, India (Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Darjeeling, Bihar, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Assam) as per Catalogue of Life)



Helinus lanceolatus Brandis (Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir), Pakistani Kashmir (Mirpur), N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra), Nepal, Myanmar [Burma], Pakistan (Salt Range, Murree, Jhelum) as per Catalogue of life)


 

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Hovenia acerba Lindl. (China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), India (Punjab, Assam, Darjeeling, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu), Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma] as per Catalogue of Life)


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(Guinea, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Sao Tome, Gabon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Congo (Brazzaville), D.R. Congo (Zaire), Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Angola (incl. Cabinda), Zambia, South Sudan, Philippines (I), Puerto Rico (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I) as per Catalogue of Life


 

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(Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria), New Zealand (Kawhia to Waitara) as per Catalogue of Life)


Sageretia filiformis (Roth) G. Don (Bhutan, India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Malaysia, Java, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing), Nepal, Pakistan (Jhelum), Pakistani Kashmir (Mirpur), Jammu & Kashmir (Jammu) as per Catalogue of Life)


Sageretia thea (Osbeck) M.C. Johnst. (China (Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujiang, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Japan (Shikoku, Kyushu), Ryukyu Isl., South Korea, Vietnam, Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia), Iran (SW-Iran), Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran), Lebanon (C-Lebanon), Oman (Mascat & Oman), Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir), Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai), Yemen (Aden Desert, N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen), Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Parwan, Samangan), Pakistan (Sind, Hazara, Baluchistan, Kurram, Jhelum, Chitral, Swat), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir), India (Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh), Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Sagaing), peninsular Malaysia (only known from Gua Batu, Selangor), Philippines (Luzon), USA (I) (Texas (I)) as per Catalogue of Life)


 

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Scutia myrtina (Burm. f.) Kurz (South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.), Swaziland, Seychelles, Mauritius, La Runion, Madagascar, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, E-D.R. Congo (Zaire), South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, India (Bihar, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar [Burma], China (SW-Guangxi, S-Yunnan) as per Catalogue of Life)


 

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Smythea bombaiensis (Dalz.) Banerjee & P. K. Mukherjee (India (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala) as per Catalogue of life)


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Ventilago calyculata Tul. ? (China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO)


 

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Ventilago denticulata Willd. (China (W-Guangxi, SW-Guizhou, S-Yunnan), India (Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu), Andaman Isl., Nepal, Bhutan, Vietnam, Thailand, Jammu & Kashmir, Myanmar [Burma], Laos, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)

Images by Balkar Singh, Identification by Nayan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) 

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Ventilago gamblei Suess. (India (Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life)

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(China (S-Yunnan), India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka), Myanmar [Burma], Sri Lanka, Java, Indonesia, Malaysia as per Catalogue of Life)



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Rhamnaceae- comparative images :

Species, genera & family pages of‎‎‎Rhamnaceae‎‎‎ are now with comparative images. On clicking the link of species, one can check the complete details. Genus pages generally give details of all the species found in India.

May I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this family (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified/ wrongly identified images, it will be really nice.



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