Lepidagathis barberi Gamble (India (Tamil Nadu) as per POWO)

Lepidagathis cristata Willd. (Image by P. Santhan, Satish Phadke (Validated by Satish Pardeshi) & Narendra Joshi (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Lepidagathis cuspidata Nees (Image by G. Singh & Anurag N. Sharma (Indentified/ Validated by Samir Mehta & J.M.Garg) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



(Image by Dinesh Valke, Identified by Vijayasankar Raman (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Lepidagathis hamiltoniana Wall. (Image by Prasad Dash (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Lepidagathis inaequalis C.B. Clarke ex Elmer (Image by Alka Khare (Identified by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don (Image by Anurag N Sharma (Identified by P. Santhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don (Images by Alok Mahendroo (Id by Nidhan Singh & Krishan Lal), Prasad Dash, Surajit Koley (Validation by A P Das) & Prashant Awale (id by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 



Lepidagathis lutea Dalzell (Image by D S Rawat (Identified by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) & Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Lepidagathis mitis Dalzell (Images by Padmanabhan Geetha, Identified by Aparna Watve (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Lepidagathis pungens Nees (Images by Muthu Karthick, Identified by Vijayasankar Raman (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Lepidagathis purpuricaulis Nees (Images by Mohina Macker, Identified by Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Lepidagathis rigida Dalzell ? (Images by S. Kasim, Identified by Vijayasankar Raman (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Lepidagathis scariosa Nees (Images by N. Muthu Karthick & T. Badri Narayanan (Identified by Vijayasankar Raman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))






Lepidagathis trinervis Nees (Images by Prashant Awale (Identified by Varun Sharma, Samir Mehta & Mahadeswara Swamy) & Alka Khare (Inserted by J.M.Garg))





FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S. Karthikeyan, M. Sanjappa and S. Moorthy and published by BSI, Kolkata in 2009 is an important document for names, authority and distribution of Acanthaceae species in India.
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Lepidagathis occur in India:
  1. Lepidagathis balakrishnanii Remadevi & Binojk.
  2. L. bandraensis Blatt.
  3. L. barberi Gamble
  4. L. chlorostachya Nees
  5. L. clavata Dalzell
  6. L. cristata Willd. [var. cristata; var. rupestris]
  7. L. cuspidata Nees
  8. L. diffusa C.B. Clarke
  9. L. fasciculata (Retz.) Nees
  10. L. hamiltoniana Wall. ex Nees
  11. L. incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don [var. incurva; var. aristata; var. lophostachyoides; var. mollis; var. mucronata; var. semiherbacea; var. ustulata]
  12. L. keralensis Madhus. & N.P. Singh
  13. L. lutea Dalzell
  14. L. mitis Dalzell (synonym of L. cristata Willd.)
  15. L. prostrata Dalzell
  16. L. pungens Nees (synonym of L. barberi Gamble)
  17. L. purpuricaulis Nees
  18. L. rigida Dalzell
  19. L. scariosa Nees
  20. L. spinosa Wight ex Nees
  21. L. subarmata (C.B. Clarke) Gamble (synonym of L. cristata Willd.)
  22. L. submitis Blatt.
  23. L. trinervis Nees [var. trinervis; var. asperrima]
  24. Lepidagathis barberi is mentioned as ‘Rare’ and Lepidagathis diffusa as ‘Indeterminate’ in Red Data Book of Indian Plants Vol-3 (Nayar & Sastry,
  In addition to above, two new species has been described from India:

    25. Lepidagathis benojiana Jithin & Jose

     26. Lepidagathis shrirangii Natekar, Kambale & Chandore


Jithin, K.V. and Jose, P.A. 2017. Lepidagathis benojiana sp. nov. (Acanthaceae) from the Western Ghats, Kerala, India. Nordic J. Bot. 35: 436-439. DOI: 10.1111/njb.01389
Natekar, P.D., Borude, D.B., Kambale, S.S. and Chandore, A.N. 2019. Lepidagathis shrirangii (Acanthaceae) a new species from Konkan region of Maharashtra, India.
Phytotaxa 405(4): 215-220.

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Shrub Western Ghats,
Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Dindigul, Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar
Lepidagathis cristata Willd. Undershrub Plains,
Dry Localities
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Lepidagathis cuspidata Nees Undershrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Lepidagathis diffusa Clarke Straggling
, Dry Localities
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Lepidagathis fasciculata (Retz.) Nees Herb Eastern
Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests, Shady
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Lepidagathis incurva Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don Herb Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests, Shady  Localities
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987

Madurai, Nilgiri, Theni, Tirunelveli

Lepidagathis mitis Dalz. Undershrub Plains,
Dry Localities
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Lepidagathis pungens Nees Shrub Plains,
Dry Localities
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Lepidagathis scariosa Nees Undershrub Plains
, Dry Localities
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul, Madurai, Nilgiri, Theni
Lepidagathis spinosa Wight ex Nees Shrub Plains
, Dry Localities
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Tirunelveli, Thoothukkudi
Lepidagathis subarmata (Clarke) Gamble Undershrub Plains,
Black Cotton Soil
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Lepidagathis bandraensis Acanthaceae Bandra Lepidagathis
Lepidagathis cristata Acanthaceae Crested Lepidagathis
Lepidagathis cuspidata Ruellia cuspidata Acanthaceae Spiny Lepidagathis
Lepidagathis fasciculata Ruellia fasciculata Acanthaceae Striped Lepidagathis
Lepidagathis incurva Acanthaceae Curved Lepidagathis
Lepidagathis lutea Acanthaceae Yellow Lepidagathis
Lepidagathis purpuricaulis Acanthaceae Purple Stem Lepidagathis
Lepidagathis trinervis Acanthaceae Frilly Lepidagathis

1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Lepidagathis barberi Gamble- Rare- Southern Peninsula &
Lepidagathis diffusa Clarke- Indeterminate- India

Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Chhatarpur and Damoh By G. P. Roy, B. K. Shukla, Bhaskar Datt (1992)- Details-
Lepidagathis cristata


Flora of Eastern Karnataka, Volume 2 By N. P. Singh (1988)- Details with keys
Lepidagathis diffusa Clarke &
Lepidagathis trinervis

Flora of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India (2000)- Description & Keys
Lepidagathis subarmata

Lepidagathis : 3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Lepidagathis

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added the list of all Indian species of Lepidagathis based on Karthikeyan et al. (2009).

Wonderful, … Details at other links matches well with it.

‎Lepidagathis page with images of species in efloraofindia : 1 post by 1 author.
Pl. go through Lepidagathis page with images of species in efloraofindia (done by …).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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