(Images by Surajit Koley)


Lobelia angulata G.Forst. (New Zealand: Antipodean Is., Chatham Is., New Zealand North, New Zealand South; Introduced into: East Himalaya, Great Britain as per POWO)

Lobelia chinensis Lour.


Lobelia erinus L. (Cultivated) 

 Images by Gurcharan Singh

(Images by Anurag N. Sharma (ID by Shrikant Ingalhalikar))

Lobelia montana Reinw. ex Blume (Image by Animish Mandrekar (ID by M.K.Pathak))


(Images by Satish Phadke (1), Dinesh Valke (2,3) and Vijayasankar Raman (4))


Lobelia pyramidalis Wall. (Himalaya to S. China and Indo-China: Assam, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO)



Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Herb Plains to  High Altitude, Moist Localities Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All districts
Lobelia angulata Forst.f. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Lobelia chinensis Lour Shrub Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Tropical America
Lobelia courtallensis K.K.N.Nair is a synonym of Lobelia nicotianifolia Roth ex Schult. Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Endemic
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Lobelia heyneana Schultes Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Open  Localities
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Dindigul, Theni, Nilgiri, Salem,
Tiruvanna malai 
Lobelia leschenaultiana (Presl) Skottsb. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Theni
Lobelia nicotianifolia Roth ex Schultes  var. nicotianifolia Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Open
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul, Nilgiri,  Theni, Tirunelveli,
Virudhu nagar
Lobelia nicotianifolia Roth ex Schultes var.
trichandra (Wight)
Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Open
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul,  Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri,
Tirunelveli, Virudhu nagar



Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India :

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Lobelia alsinoides Lobelia trigona Campanulaceae Chickweed
Lobelia erinus Campanulaceae Trailing
Lobelia heyneana Lobelia bialata, Lobelia dichotoma Campanulaceae Heyne’s
Lobelia nicotianifolia Lobelia nicotianaefolia Campanulaceae Wild
Lobelia seguinii Campanulaceae Seguin’s

Lobelia chinensis var. pilosa (No distribution in India),


Only 4 species have been mentioned from the family in BSI Mah flora. Out of these 4 are native and 1 is cultivated: Lobelia erinus reported in gardens in Pune.
Of the 4 natives L. chinensis is a creeping herb with terete stem.
L. nicotianaefolia (Wild tobacco) is 1-3m tall.
L. alsinoides and L. heyneana are less than 50 cm tall. with solitary axillary flowers.
The differentiating key between them is given as
—–two of the anthers penicillate at tip; seeds ellipsoid … L.heyneana.
—–All anthers penicillate at tip.; Seeds trigonous … L.alsinoides.

Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004- Description-

Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007- Description-

Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986- Details-

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details with keys

Lobelia : 4 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Lobelia

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome

Please find the reference “V.K. Haridasan,& P.K.Mukherjee,1988. Lobeliaceae in Fasc. Flora of India. BSI, Calcutta, 19: 39.” for species of Lobelia in India.

Thanks, … Could you pl. provide the complete list as per this refrence so that it can be incorporated ?


Pl. go through Lobelia page (‎‎‎Campanulaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done mainly by …).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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