Keys in Flora of Bhutan:

33. Leaves araneous to lanate beneath or rays 1—5 … ..87. Synotis
+ Leaves (sub)glabrous beneath; rays c 8-13 . . . . . .. 89. Senecio
34. All leaves simple; Petiole dentate- or panduriform-winged; ray flowers 1-4; disc corollas 6.5-8mm  . . .. 87. Synotis (S. acuminata)
+ Cauline leaves 1-2-pinnatifid or rays 6 to c 20 or disc corollas 3.5mm 89. Senecio


.

Keys in Flora of Bhutan (for Senecio):
1. Leaves simple. mostly serrate. rarely with few-lobed cauline leaves smaller than unlobed persistent basal leaves; perennials . . . . .. 2
+ Leaves divided or lobed; annuals or perennials . . . . .. 4
2. Capitula discoid . . . . .. 1. S. kumaonensis (syn. of Synotis penninervis (H.Koyama) T.J.Tong, M.Tang, C.Ren & Q.E.Yang)
+ Capitula radiate . . . .. 3
3. Stems leafy. usually scrambling. to 5m . . . .. 2. S. scandens
+ Stems subscapose_ to 60cm . . .. 3. S. nudicaulis (syn. of Jacobaea nudicaulis (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) B.Nord.)
4. Stems stout. mostly over 50cm: perennials . . . . . .. 5
+ Stems slender. herbaceous. to 45(-60) cm: annuals or scree-perennials with long slender rhizomes . . . . . .. 9
5. lnvolucre 3.5- 10mm diameter: ligules 5-12mm . . . . . . .. 6
+ lnvolucre 2-3mm diameter: ligules to 3mm  . . . . . . .. 7
6. lnvolucre 5-10mm diameter; phyllaries 5-7.5mm: ligules 7-12 >< 2-4.5mm; pappus reddish. absent from ray flowers or reduced and caducous …. 4. S. raphanifolius (syn. of Jacobaea raphanifolia (Wall. ex DC.) B.Nord.)
+ lnvolucre 3.5- 5mm diameter: phyllaries 3.5-5mm: ligules 4—7 >< l.5—2.5mm: pappus whitish or reddish. usually present and unreduced on ray flowers . . . . .. 5. S. laetus (syn. of Jacobaea analoga (DC.) Veldkamp syn. Senecio chrysanthemoides DC.)
7. Leaves deeply lyrately divided. terminal segments much larger than laterals. triangular  . . . . . .. 6. S. biligulatus
+ Leaves pinnatisect. terminal segments not or scarcely larger than laterals . . . . . .. 8
8. Ligules not longer than involucre . . . . . . .. 7. S. graciliflorus (syn. of Jacobaea graciliflora (DC.) Sennikov)
+ Ligules c 3mm longer than involucre  . . . . .. 8. S. royleanus
9. Scree-perennial with long slender rhizomes; ligules 5—10mm ……. 9. S. albopurpureus
+ Annuals: ligules less than 2mm  . . . . . .. 10
10. Ligules scarcely longer than involucre: phyllaries with 2 distinct brown veins  . . . .. I0. S. ramosus
+ Ligules I 2mm: phyllaries indistinctly veined . . . .. 11. S. tetrandrus

.
Keys in Flora of Bhutan (for Synotis):
1. Lower part of stem not or weakly developed. with most or all leaves clustered near base . . . .. 2
+ Leaves +/- equally distributed along stems . . . . .. 3
2. Leaves subrosulate or more scattered; petioles usually winged; female corollas filiform. 1-5mm or radiate with tube 2.5-3.5mm and ligulate 2.5-4mm  .. 1. S. alata (In woods and coniferous forests or on gravel. 1850- 3950m. September-January)
+ Leaves always subrosulate; petioles unwinged; female corollas tubular -infundibular, 7-8mm or very rarely radiate with 6mm tube and 2mm ligule . …. 2. S. wallichii (ln forests, on rocks. l830- 3200m. August November)
3. Capitula 3-12-flowered  . . . . . . .. 4
+ Capitula more than 12-flowered  . . . . . 7
4. Capitula usually 4-flowered . . . . . . . .. 5
+ Capitula usually 9- 12-flowered  . . . . .. 6
5. Leaves cuneate at base, petiole not more than 2cm . . . . .. 3. S. acuminata (Damp grassy swamps. 2550-4250m. June—October)
+ Leaves rounded at base. petiole up to 8cm  . . . . ..4. S. tetrantha (Along moist banks and under trees. 2150—3960m. September—January)     
6. Leaves cuneate at base, +/- sessile. coarsely toothed; inflorescence pubescent …. 5. S. triligulata (Shady woods. 1850-2000m. October -December)
+ Leaves rounded at base. petiole up to 1 cm. finely toothed: inflorescence glabrous .. . . . .. 6. S. vagans
7. Leaves sparsely araneous to nearly glabrous beneath; stems strongly ribbed and angled . . . . .. 7. S. bhot (Margin of forest and in open. 1220-1350m. October)
+ Leaves densely white tomentose beneath; stems angular or not . . . . .. 8
8. Leaves up to 18 >< 8cm. often auriculate at base; stems ribbed; achenes glabrous .. . . . .. 8. S. cappa (Under shrubs. 900- 1670m. October-March)
+ Leaves up to 7 >< 2.5c111. never auriculate at base: stems +/- smooth; achenes pubescent  . . . .. 9. S. kunthiana

 

Senecio bombayensis Balakr. (Images by Satish PhadkeDinesh ValkeNarendra JoshiPrashant AwaleAlka Khare (ID Satish Pardeshi) and Aarti Khale (ID Dinesh Valke), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click links to see details and more images)

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Senecio herreianus Dinter (Images by Arundhati Boyce (ID by Usha Desai), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Click link to see details))

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Senecio macroglossus DC. (Image by Ranjini Kamath, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Click Link to see details))

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Senecio neelgherryanus DC. (Images by Anurag Sharma (ID by P. Santhan), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click link to see details))

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Senecio scandensBuch.-Ham. ex D. Don (Images by Prashant Awale (ID by Krishan Lal), P Santhan, and Debashis, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click links to see details and more images)) 

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Senecio tenuifolius Burm.f. (Images by Prashant AwaleDinesh Valke and Anurag Sharma (ID P Santhan), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click links for details and more images)).

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Senecio tropaeolifolius MacOwan (Cultivated- USA) (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Click link to see details))

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Senecio vulgaris L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Click link to see details and more images))

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Jacobaea analoga (Images by Balkar Singh (ID by Gurcharan Singh), DS RawatNidhan SinghGurcharan SinghNidhan Singh and Aarti Khale (ID by Gurcharan Singh), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Click links to see details and more images))

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Jacobaea graciliflora (Images by Balkar SinghAarti Khale (ID Gurcharan Singh), DS RawatPrashant AwaleNidhan Singh and Gurcharan Singh, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click links to see details and more images))

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Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden (Images by Aarti Khale (ID by Gurcharan Singh), Gurcharan Singh and Aarti Khale, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh)

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Jacobaea nudicaulis (Images by Nidhan SinghDS RawatGurcharan Singh, and Ashwini (ID by Krishan Lal), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click links to see details and more images))

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Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution

 

Senecio
ansteadi
Tad. & Jacob (syn. of Cissampelopsis ansteadii (Tadul. & Jacob) C.Jeffrey & Y.L.Chen )
Shrubby Climber Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Kanniyakumari,
Tirunelveli
Senecio articulatus (Haw.) Sch.-Bip. = Curio articulatus (L. f.) P. V. Heath Herb Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of South Africa
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Senecio calcadensis Ramaswami (syn. of Cissampelopsis calcadensis C.Jeffrey & Y.L.Chen ) Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Tirunelveli,
Virudhunagar
Senecio candicans DC. Climber Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats,  Evergreen
Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri, Salem, Tiruvannamalai
Senecio cineraria DC. = Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden Herb Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Mediterranean Region
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Senecio confusus Elmer (syn. of Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Twiner Plains
to Low Altitude, Cultivated, Native of Tropical America
Matthew,
1999
All
districts
Senecio edgeworthii Hook.f. Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri,
Senecio hohenackeri Hook.f. var. hohenackeri (syn. of Senecio madrasensis C.Jeffrey ) Under shrub Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Open  Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Nilgiri, Tiruvannamalai
Senecio hohenackeri Hook.f. var. rupestris (Wight) Gamble  (syn. of Senecio madrasensis var. rupestris (Wight) Gambel ) Under shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Rock cleft
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Tirunelveli
Senecio intermedius Wight Climbing
Shrub
Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Fischer 1921, Matthew 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni
Senecio kundaicus Fishcher Herb Western
Ghats,  Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Sebastine 1962
Nilgiri
Senecio lavandulaefolius DC. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grassy Slopes
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul,
Nilgiri
Senecio lawsonii Gamble Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grassy Slopes
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Senecio lessingianus (Wight & Arn.)
Clarke
Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grassy Slopes
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Senecio ludens Clarke Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grassy Slopes
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Kanniyakumari,
Tirunelveli
Senecio neelgherryanus DC. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grassy Slopes
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Fischer 1921
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Nilgiri
Senecio polycephalus (DC.) Clarke is a synonym of Senecio multiceps N.P.Balakr. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grassy Slopes
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Senecio tenuifolius Burm.f. Shrub Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Senecio vulgaris L. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Naturalized, Native
of North Temperate Region 
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Nilgiri
Senecio wightii (DC.) Benth. ex Clarke Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Moist Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Senecio zeylanicus DC. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Moist Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul,
Nilgiri

 


.

 
Senecio cappa DON = Synotis cappa (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) C. Jeffrey ex Y. L. Chen
 
Senecio cineraria DC. = Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden
 
Senecio densiflorus WALL. = Synotis cappa (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) C. Jeffrey ex Y. L. Chen
 
 
 
 
 

 


.

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Senecio cephalophorus is a synonym of Kleinia cephalophora Compton Kleinia cephalophora Asteraceae Blazing Glory
Senecio confusus(syn. of Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Asteraceae Mexican Flame Vine
Senecio graciliflorus Asteraceae Graceful Senecio
Senecio grahamii is a synonym of Senecio bombayensis N.P.Balakr.  Senecio reticulatus Asteraceae Sonki
Senecio jacquemontianus is a synonym of Ligularia jacquemontiana (Decne.) M.A.Rau Senecillis jacquemontiana Asteraceae Jacquemont’s Senecio
Senecio laetus Senecio chrysanthemoides, Senecio rosulifer, Senecio scapiformis Asteraceae Cheerful Sececio
Senecio nudicaulis Senecio pallens, Senecio esquirolii, Senecio blattariaefolia Asteraceae Bare-Stem Senecio
Senecio pendulus is a synonym of Kleinia pendula (Forssk.) DC. Kleinia pendula Asteraceae Inch Worm
Senecio raphanifolius = Jacobaea raphanifolia (Wall. ex DC.) B. Nord. Senecio diversifolius Asteraceae Diverse Leaved Senecio
Senecio vulgaris Asteraceae Common Groundsel

.
Senecio acuminatus is a synonym of Synotis acuminata (Wall. ex DC.) C.Jeffrey & Y.L.Chen
Senecio alatus = Synotis alata (Wall. ex DC.) C. Jeffrey ex Y. L. Chen
Senecio albopurpureus
Senecio biligulatus
Senecio brunneo-villosus
Senecio buimalia
Senecio candolleanus
Senecio cappa
Senecio cappa var. cappa = Synotis cappa (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) C. Jeffrey ex Y. L. Chen
Senecio cappa var. pubescens
Senecio chola
Senecio chrysanthemoides
Senecio chrysanthemoides var. chrysanthemoides
Senecio chrysanthemoides var. spectabilis
Senecio diversifolius= Jacobaea raphanifolia (Wall. ex DC.) B. Nord.
Senecio echaetus
Senecio graciliflorus
Senecio kunthianus is a synonym of Synotis kunthiana (Wall. ex DC.) C.Jeffrey & Y.L.Chen
Senecio lancifera
Senecio nudicaulis
Senecio panduliformis
Senecio ramosus
Senecio royleanus
Senecio rufinervis is a synonym of Synotis rufinervis (DC.) C.Jeffrey & Y.L.Chen
Senecio scandens
Senecio tetranthus is a synonym of Synotis tetrantha (DC.) C.Jeffrey & Y.L.Chen
Senecio topkegolensis
Senecio triligulatus   is a synonym of Synotis triligulata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) C.Jeffrey & Y.L.Chen
Senecio vagans is a synonym of Synotis vagans (Wall. ex DC.) C.Jeffrey & Y.L.Chen
Senecio wallichii is a synonym of Synotis wallichii (DC.) C.Jeffrey & Y.L.Chen

.
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett
Senecio kundaicus C.E.C.Fisch.- E- Tamilnadu
Senecio mayurii C.E.C.Fisch.- R- Karnataka
Senecio mishmi C.B.Clarke- V- Meghalaya
Senecio rhabdos C.B.Clarke- R- Manipur & Meghalaya

.
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-

.

Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details-
Senecio tenuifolius


.
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys

.

.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Senecio, Cissampelopsis, Curio, Jacobaea, Kleinia, Ligularia & Synotis

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome


.

Re: Senecio page : 1 post by 1 author. Yesterday I inserted 71 images of genus Senecio.

.

Pl. go through Senecio page (Asteraceae (Compositae)) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by …).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


 

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