Comparative images of species from genera other than Andrographis, Asystasia, Barleria, Dicliptera, Eranthemum, Hygrophila, Haplanthodes, Justicia, Lepidagathis, Peristrophe, Pseuderanthemum, Ruellia, Strobilanthes, Thunbergia (pl. click on these links to see their images): 


Acanthus ilicifolius L. (Images by Satish Phadke (1,2)  & Prasad Kumar Dash (3))




Acanthus mollis L. (Images by Muthu Karthick (2,3) & Gurcharan Singh (1,4), Validated by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Acanthus mollis L. (Images by Muthu Karthick (Identified by J.M.Garg & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Acanthus montanus (Nees) T.Anderson (Images by TSP Kumar (Id by Jayanthi Janakiraman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 


Acanthus spinosus L. (Cultivated- USA) Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg)



Aphelandra scabra (Vahl) Sm. (Images by Aarti S. Khale , Identified by Tanay Bose, Validated by Ushadi (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Aphelandra sinclairiana Nees ex Benth. (Images by Aarti S. Khale (1,3), Siva (4) & Santhosh kumar (2) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. (Images by Prashant Awale & Sushant More (3), Identified/  Validated by (Inserted by J.M.Garg))




Avicennia officinalis L. (Images by Prashant Awale & Alka Khare, Identified/  Validated by (Inserted by J.M.Garg))




Blepharis integrifolia (L.f.) E.Mey. & Drège ex Schinz (Images by Surajit Koley (Identified by Vijayasankar Raman & P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Blepharis maderaspatensis (L.) B.Heyne ex Roth (Images by Prashant Awale (1,4) & Nidhan Singh (2,3) (Validated by Vijayasankar Raman & P. Santhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Calacanthus grandiflorus (Dalzell) Radlk. (Images by Mayur Nandikar (1,4), Prashant Awale (3) & Narendra Joshi (2) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))

Clinacanthus nutans (Burm. fil.) Lindau (Introduced) (China (Yunnan to Guangdong) to W. Malesia: Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Thailand, Vietnam; Introduced into: India as per POWO)


Codonacanthus pauciflorus (Nees) Nees (Images by Raju Das, Identified by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Codonacanthus sanjappae Karthig. (Images by Prashant Awale, Identified by C. Murugan & Jayanthi Janakiraman (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Crossandra infundibuliformis (L.) Nees (Images by Gurcharan Singh (3 images) & Bhagyashri Ranade (1 image) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))






Crossandra nilotica Oliv. (Images by Neha Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Cynarospermum asperrimum (Nees) Vollesen (Images by Narendra Joshi (1), Alka khare (2,3) & P. Santhan (4) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Dyschoriste dalzellii (T.Anderson ex Bedd.) Kuntze (Images by Narendra Joshi, Satish Phadke (Identified by Dinesh Valke & Radha Veach) & Prashant Awale (Identified by P. Santhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Dyschoriste erecta (Burm.f.) Kuntze (Images by A. Lalithamba (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))


Dyschoriste litoralis (L.f.) Nees (Images by P. Santhan & Muthu Karthick (Identified by Vijayasankar Raman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Dyschoriste thunbergiiflora (S.Moore) Lindau (Kenya) (Images by Aarti Khale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Dyschoriste vagans (Wight) Kuntze (Images by Prashant Awale, Identified by P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Ecbolium ligustrinum (Vahl) Vollesen (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade, Alka Khare & Balkar Singh (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg))



Elytraria acaulis (L.f.) Lindau (Images by Nayan Singh, Gurcharan Singh & P. Santhan Identified by (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Fittonia albivenis (Lindl. ex Veitch) Brummitt (Images by Alka Khare (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Graptophyllum pictum (L.) Griff. (Images by Dinesh Valke & Bhagyashri Ranade (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg))





Gymnostachyum febrifugum Benth. (Images by Dinesh Valke & Anurag N. Sharma (Inserted by Anurag N. Sharma & J.M.Garg))








Gymnostachyum glabrum T.Anderson (Images by Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))





Gymnostachyum latifolium T.Anderson (Images by Prashant Awale & Dinesh Valke Identified by (Inserted by J.M.Garg))







Gymnostachyum polyanthum Wight (Images by Anurag N. Sharma (Inserted by J.M.Garg))






Gymnostachyum pubescens (Lam.) M.R.Almeida (Images by Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))





Gymnostachyum warrieranum KMP Kumar, Indu et V.B.Sreek. (Images by Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))




Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade & J.M.Garg))




Hypoestes triflora (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult. (Images by Prashant Awale, Identified by Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Megaskepasma erythrochlamys Lindau (Images by tspkumar)




Images by A. Lalithamba (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)






Nelsonia canescens (Lam.) Spreng. (Images by Surajit Koley, Validated by DS Rawat & Prasad Dash (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Neuracanthus sphaerostachys Dalzell (Images by Alka Khare & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Neuracanthus tetragonostachyus subsp. trinervius (Wight) Bidgood (Images by Mohina Macker, Dinesh Valke & Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Odontonema callistachyum (Cham. & Schltdl.) Kuntze (Images by Muthu Karthick (Identified by Ajinkya Gadave) & P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Odontonema tubaeforme (Bertol.) Kuntze (Images by Alka Khare & R. Thilakan Makkiseril (Identified by P. Santhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Pachystachys lutea Nees (Images by Raghu Ananth & Bhagyashri Ranade (Inserted by J.M.Garg & Bhagyashri Ranade))


Pachystachys spicata (Ruiz & Pav.) Wassh. (Images by Shobha Halwe-Chavda (Identified by Smita Rasker), Aarti S. Khale, Alka Khare (Validated by M. Swamy) & N. Muthu Karthick (Identified by Tanay Bose) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Petalidium barlerioides (Roth) Nees (Images by Prashant Awale, Dinesh Valke & Prasad Dash (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Phaulopsis dorsiflora (Retzius) Santapau (Images by Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Phlogacanthus curviflorus (Wall.) Nees (Images by Prashant Awale, (Identified by Ritesh Kumar Choudhary & Tanay Bose) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))
















Images by M. Sawmliana (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)


Phlogacanthus species- Assam (Images by Barnalli Dutta (Identified by ) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis (Roxb. ex Hardw.) Mabb. (Images by D S Rawat, Pankaj Kumar & Aarti S Khale (Identified by D S Rawat & Pankaj Kumar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Phlogacanthus tubiflorus Nees (Images by Sourav Mahmud (Inserted by J.M.Garg))







Rhinacanthus calcaratus Nees (Images by Sourav Mahmud (Identified by Surajit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz (Images by tspkumar)




Rhinacanthus species ?- Suttagati, Karnataka (Images by Dinesh Valke & Prashant Awale (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Ruttya fruticosa Lindau (Cultivated) (Images by Alka Khare (Validated by Aarti S. Khale) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))




Sanchezia speciosa Leonard (Images by Alka Khare (Validated by Promilla Chaturvedi) & Neha Singh (Identified by Vidyadhar Ogale & Satish Phadke) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) 










Sclerochiton harveyanus Nees (Images by Alka Khare (Inserted by J.M.Garg))




Staurogyne argentea Wall.(Images by M Sawmliana (Id by Samiran Panday) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links)) 



Staurogyne glutinosa Kuntze ? (Images by Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Staurogyne spathulata (BI.) Koord.


(Images by Anurag N. Sharma, Identified by Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg))







Whitfieldia elongata (P.Beauv.) De Wild. & T.Durand (Images by Alka Khare (Validated by Varun Sharma) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))




x Ruttyruspolia  ‘Phyllis van Heerden’ A.Meeuse & de Wet  ? (Images by Ranjit Singh Ahluwalia (Identified by Suarjit Koley) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Our next episode will cover family Acanthaceae to be help from March 11 to 24, 2015. Please organise your photographs for upload during the fortnight.

Thanks, …,

Here are the Acanthaceae genera (53) already discussed in efloraofindia (pl. click to see the species under them): ………………….

Species & genera pages of Acanthaceae in efloraofindia are now with images.
I started this exercise on 5th December’15 in my residual time & now today (30.12.15) it is complete.
It involves inserting images on around 250 species pages (around 750 images) & 45 genera pages. It also involved a lot of cleansing work like deletion of a lot of duplicate / wrong pages, correctly identify some of the threads, putting them at their proper place, proper formatting of the species pages etc.
I request our members to pl. take up one family each & try to make efloraofindia more constructive. We will be rendering what ever assistance is required by the members, in this matter.

Wishing you all a very-2 happy new year.