Acacia dealbata Link (SE. Australia: New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria; Introduced into: Albania, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Azores, Brazil South, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, China South-Central, China Southeast, Costa Rica, Desventurados Is., East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Italy, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Madeira, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nepal, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Réunion, Sardegna, South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Uganda, Uruguay, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe as per POWO)

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Senegalia caesia (L.) Maslin et al. 

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Senegalia pennata (L.) Maslin (Images by Dinesh Valke, J.M.Garg (Id by A Shivaprakash), Vijayasankar Raman, Aarti S Khale (Satish Pardeshi & Shrikant Ingalhalikar) & Rashida Atthar (Id by Satish Pardeshi) (Inserted by J.M.Garg & Surajit Koley) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Vachellia eburnea (L. f.) P.J.H. Hurter & Mabb. (Images by Darshan Kokate (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. 

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Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Acacia
armata
R. Br. = Acacia paradoxa DC.
Tree Western Ghats,
Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn ex Benth. Medium
Sized Tree
Plains
to Low Altitude, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts
 
Acacia baileyana F. v. Muell. Tree Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul  
Acacia caesia (L.) Willd. Shrub Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts
Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd. (syn. of Senegalia catechu) Mode rate
sized tree
Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Theni
Acacia chundra (Roxb. ex Rottl.) Willd. (pl. see Senegalia catechu) Mode rate
sized tree
Plains
to Low Altitude, Dry Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts
Acacia concurrens Pedley Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983, Matthew, 1999
Dindigul  
Acacia confusa Merr. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia cultriformis A. Cunn. ex G. Don Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia dealbata Link Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Nilgiri
Acacia decora Reichb. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia decurrens (Wendl.) Willd. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul
Acacia eburnea (L.f.) Willd. = Vachellia eburnea (L. f.) P.J.H. Hurter & Mabb. Tree Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957; Matthew, 1983
Coimbatore,
Tirunelveli
Acacia elata Cunn. Ex Benth. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul  
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. = Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. Small
tree or shrub
Plains
to Low Altitude, Cultivated and runs wild, Native of Tropical America
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Kanchee puram, Madurai, Salem, Thiruvallur,  Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli,
Tiruvanna malai, Virudhu nagar
Acacia ferruginea DC. Tree Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983
All
districts
 
Acacia grahamii Vajravelu Climbing
Shrub
Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri, Salem, Tiruchchira ppalli
 
Acacia hohenackeri Craib = Senegalia hohenackeri (Craib) Ragupathy, Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin, comb. nov. Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests 
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia holosericea  A.Cunn. Shrub Plains
to Low Altitude, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Matthew,
1999
All
district 
 
Acacia homalophylla A. Cunn. ex Benth. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia horrida (L.f.) Willd. = Vachellia horrida (L.) Kyal. & Boatwr. Tree Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Madurai, Ramanatha puram, Salem, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli,
Tiruvanna malai
Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Willd. Tree Plains
to Low Altitude, Moist Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts
Acacia longifolia Willd. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul  
Acacia maidenii F. v. Muell. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul  
Acacia mearnsii Wilde Tree Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Salem 
Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests,  Cultivated,
Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Nilgiri
Acacia myrtifolia Willd. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests,  Cultivated,
Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia neriifolia A. Cunn. ex Benth. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests,  Cultivated,
Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del. subsp. indica (Benth) Brenan = Vachellia nilotica subsp. indica (Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr. Medium
Sized Tree
Plains,
Cultivated
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts
Acacia pennata (L.) Willd. Shrub Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts 
Acacia planifrons Wight & Arn. = Vachellia planifrons (Koenig ex Wight & Arnott) Ragupathy, Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin, comb. nov. Tree Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests often Cultivated
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957; Wealth of India, 1948; Matthew,
1983
All
districts
Acacia podalyriifolia A. Cunn ex G. Don. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul  
Acacia polyacantha Willd. = Senegalia polyacantha (Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger Medium
Sized Tree
Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Kanchee puram,  Nilgiri,
Salem, Thiruvallur,  Tiruchchira ppalli,
Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai, Vellore
 
Acacia pruinescens Kurz Armed
straggler
Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests
C.
Murugan, V.S. Manicakm, G.J.Jothi & V. Sundareson,
Rheedea 13: 71-72, 2003
Tirunelveli  
Acacia pruinosa A. Cunn ex Benth. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia pulchella R. Br.  Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia pycnantha Benth. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Nilgiri
 
Acacia retinodes Schlecht. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Nilgiri
 
Acacia saligna (Labill.) H. L. Wendl.   Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Cultivated, Native of Australia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul  
Acacia sinuata (Lour.) Merr. Shrub Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Salem, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli,
Tiruvanna malai  
Acacia tomentosa Willd. Tree Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957
Coimbatore,
Tirunelveli
Acacia torta (Roxb.) Craib Shrub Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Madurai,  Nilgiri, Salem,
Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai
Acacia verticillata Willd. Tree Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Australia 
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Acacia wightii Baker = Vachellia wightii (Koenig ex Wight & Arnott) Ragupathy, Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin, comb. nov. Tree Coast Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983;Gamble, 1957
Tirunelveli  

Acacia albida = Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev.
Acacia cornigera= Vachellia cornigera (L.) Seigler & Ebinger
Acacia jacquemontii = Vachellia jacquemontii (Benth.) Ragupathy, Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin, comb. nov.
Acacia mellifera= Senegalia mellifera (Vahl) Seigler & Ebinger
Acacia seyal var. seyal= Vachellia seyal (Delile) P. J. H. Hurter
Acacia sieberiana= Vachellia sieberiana (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr.
Acacia sphaerocephala= Vachellia sphaerocephala (Schltdl. & Cham.) Seigler & Ebinger
Acacia tortilis = Vachellia tortilis (Forssk.) Galasso & Banfi

.
 
Acacia catechu (L.F.) WILLD. = Senegalia catechu (L. f.) P. J. H. Hurter & Mabb.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acacia jacquemontii BENTH. = Vachellia jacquemontii (Benth.) Ragupathy, Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin, comb. nov.
 
Acacia modesta WALL. = Senegalia modesta (Wall.) P. J. H. Hurter
 
 
Acacia planifrons WIGHT & ARN. = Vachellia planifrons (Koenig ex Wight & Arnott) Ragupathy, Seigler, Ebinger & Maslin, comb. nov.
 
 
 
 
 
 

.

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Acacia auriculiformis Mimosaceae Earleaf Acacia
Acacia catechu (syn. of Senegalia catechu) Mimosa catechu, Acacia wallichiana Mimosaceae Cutch Tree
Acacia concinna Synonym of Senegalia rugata (Lam.) Britton & Rose Acacia hooperiana, Acacia sinuata, Mimosa concinna Mimosaceae Shikakai
Acacia confusa Mimosaceae Formosa Acacia
Acacia farnesiana = Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. Acacia acicularis, Acacia minuta, Mimosa farnesiana Mimosaceae Mimosa Bush
Acacia ferruginea Mimosa ferruginea Mimosaceae Rusty Acacia
Acacia leucophloea Mimosa leucophloea Mimosaceae White Bark Acacia
Acacia mangium Racosperma mangium, Mangium montanum Mimosaceae Hickory Wattle
Acacia mearnsii Mimosaceae Black Wattle
Acacia melanoxylon Acacia arcuata, Acacia melanoxylum, Mimosa melanoxylon, Mimosa melanoxylum Mimosaceae Australian Blackwood
Acacia nilotica ssp. tomentosa = Vachellia nilotica subsp. tomentosa (Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr. Acacia arabica var. tomentosa, Acacia nilotica var. tomentosa Mimosaceae Tomentose Babool
Acacia nilotica subsp. indica = Vachellia nilotica subsp. indica (Benth.) Kyal. & Boatwr. Mimosaceae Babool
Acacia pennata Mimosa pennata, Acacia pendata, Acacia delavayi Mimosaceae Climbing Acacia
Acacia senegal = Senegalia senegal (L.) Britton Acacia verek Mimosaceae Gum Arabic Tree
Acacia torta Mimosa torta, Acacia intsia, Acacia caesia Mimosaceae Twisted Acacia

.

.
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details with Keys
Acacia chundra (Rottler) Willd. (pl. see Senegalia catechu)
Acacia horrida = Vachellia horrida (L.) Kyal. & Boatwr.,
Acacia polyacantha Willd.= Senegalia polyacantha (Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger,

.

Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993- Details with keys

.

.
Agro Forestry In India By K G Tejwani (2002- Details-

.

Acacia, Senegalia & Vachellia : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Acacia, Senegalia & Vachellia  

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


.
Acacia or not acacia : 7 posts by 4 authors.
There seems to be a transition happening in the Acacia genus – it being split into different genus’s viz. Acacia, Senegalia, Vachellia, Racosperma and some others. There seem to be conflicting schemes and it is not clear to me whether any particular scheme has been adopted overall or when this issue is likely to be resolved.
I would like to know what the position of the experts in the efloraofindia group is regarding this issue.
I am particularly concerned with species like Babul or Acacia nilotica, Khair or Acacia catechu, Kumtha or Acacia senegalia and the introduced Australian Acacias.

Thank you for your opinion and confusion.  An unpublished Census of Fabaceae in India is available with me and my special interest here is the genus Acacia sensu lato which has undergone a drastic overhauling in recent past.  It is true that the morphological differences between the segregate genera are not available at one place but they are scattered in literature.  I am at present trying to prepare a revised treatment for India but this needs some time due to my other preoccupations  which also demand time and priority.
In the mean time, if you have got  any confusion, please do mention and if you have images, please share them here, even if posted earlier, for further comments, if any.
I am attaching herewith two manuscripts.  Please go through them and I hope that you will be able to clarify some of your doubts raised here.
We must admit that the latest trend in angiosperm taxonomy is molecular phylogenetic studies and the same are being widely accepted, though the results (both splitting and mergers) sometimes are unable to explain and correlate with the traditional taxonomic treatments, based on morphological differences.
What to do?
Wardill etal Acacia genetics 2005.pdf

Maslin (2015), Gardens Bull. Singapore.pdf


I am indeed moved by your concern to solve the taxonomical issues. All the best


Thank you … for the references – im going thru them


Thank you for the papers. Beyond splitting and lumping … the molecular examinations will also yield other very useful data. i hope i live long enough to see it


Yes … , The process of Evolution is indeed very very complex.


Re-appraisal of the Taxonomy of Acacia holosericea, Including the Description of a New Species, A. colei, and the Reinstatement of A. neurocarpa B. R. Maslin* and L. A. J. Thomson (pdf)


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Fwd: An article on ‘Acacias’ : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 519 kb.
I am enclosing herewith an article published in ‘Blackbuck” long ago. Of course I have authored it. Now, the names would have been changed.

 

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