Comparative images of this family are given below except for Acer, Aesculus, Cardiospermum, Lepisanthes and Sapindus (which can be seen by clicking on these links):


Allophylus cobbe (L.) Forsyth fil. (India to Philippines as per POWO; Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Bangladesh, Philippines (widespread), Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor), India (West Bengal, Maharashtra, Goa, Daman & Diu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Australia (Northern Territory, N-Queensland), Java, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isl., Sri Lanka, Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Maldives, North Keeling Isl., Christmas Isl. (Austr.), American Samoa (Tutuila, Aunu’u, Ofu, Olosega, Ta’u), Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti, Tubuai), Fiji, Gilbert Isl. (Butaritari), Marshall Isl. (Bikini, Ailinginae, Rongelap, Utirik, Ujelang, Ujae, Wotho, Lae, Kwajalein, Aur, Ailinglapalap, Majuro, Arno, Mili, Jaluit), Micronesia (Dublon, Tol, Udot, Uman, Yap, Ulithi, Fais, Eauripik, Woleai, Faraulap, Ifaluk, Lamotrek, Puluwat, Namonuito, Murilo, Nomwin, Truk-Moen, Fanan, Pis, Losap, Namoluk, Lukunor, Satawan, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi, Ant, Ngatik, Mokil, ?Pohnpei, Pingelap, Kosrae), New Caledonia, Niue, Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Koror, Malakal, Aulupse’el, Urukthapel, Aulong, Ngeanges, Peleliu, Angaur, Sonsorol, Ngarakabesang), S-Cook Isl. (Mangaia), Society Isl. (Tahiti, Huahine, Raiatea, Tahaa, Bora Bora), Southern Marianas (Saipan, Tinian, Rota, Guam), Tonga (Tongatapu, Vava’u), Tuamotu Arch. (Makatea Isl.), Wallis Isl., Western Samoa (Aleipata Islands, Upolu, Savaii) as per Catalogue of life)


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Allophylus concanicus Radlk. (SW. India as per POWO and S-India (Karnataka, Kerala) as per Catalogue of Life))


 

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Allophylus villosus (Roxb.) Blume (Myanmar [Burma] (Taninthayi), NE-India (Assam), Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)


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(Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, S-Mali, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, ?Liberia, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Sao Tome, Principe Isl., Haiti (I), Dominican Republic (I), Puerto Rico (I), Navassa Isl. (I), Nicaragua (I), Jamaica (I), Costa Rica (I), Belize (I), Panama (I), Lesser Antilles (I) (Montserrat (I), Dominica (I), Martinique (I), St. Lucia (I), Barbados (I)), Cuba (I), Venezuela (I), Colombia (I), Cayman Isl. (I), India (I), Vietnam (I), Micronesia (I) (Pohnpei) (I)), Honduras (I) as per Catalogue of Life)


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(Australia (N-Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, NE-New South Wales), New Guinea, India (introduced), USA (introduced) (Florida (introduced)) as per Catalogue of Life)

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Dimocarpus longan Lour. (China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan, SW-China (I) to SE-China (I)), India (Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka, Peru (I), peninsular Malaysia (Perak), Singapore (I), Java, New Guinea, Borneo, Thailand, Palau Isl. (I), Society Isl. (I) (Raiatea (I)), Southern Marianas (I) (Guam (I)), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Andaman Isl. (Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mandalay, Mon, Shan), Vietnam, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)



Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. (USA (Arizona, California, Florida), Cuba, Cayman Isl., Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Mona Isl., Virgin Isl. (Anegada, St. Croix, St. Thomas), Lesser Antilles (Antigua, Barbados, Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Marie Galante, Martinique, St. Eustatius, St. Lucia, St. Martin), Costa Rica, Peru, Nicaragua, Belize, Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro, Isla Clarion), Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Ecuador, Galapagos, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potos, Santa Cruz, Tarija), N-Brazil (Rondonia), NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Bahia), SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro), Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Salta, Santa Fe, Tucuman), S-Brazil (Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Chile (Coquimbo), Uruguay (Canelones, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rocha, San Jose, Treinta y Tres), Panama, Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Honduras, Venezuela (Bolivar, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Sucre, Trujillo), Colombia (Antioquia, Bolvar, Boyac, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nario, Norte de Santander, San Andrs, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Santander), Trinidad, Tobago, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal), Botswana, Seychelles, Mauritius, La Runion, Rodrigues, Socotra, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Benin, Togo, Nigeria, Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Central African Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, D.R. Congo (Zaire), SW-Angola, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, ?Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, ?Zanzibar, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isl., China (widespread), peninsular Malaysia (mostly East Coast), +Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines (throughout), Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isl., New Guinea, Moluccas, Solomon Isl., Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Sri Lanka, Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady, Rakhine, Taninthayi, Yangon), Java, New Guinea, Thailand, India (throughout), Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan), Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Salt Range, Dir, Swat, Hazara), Jammu & Kashmir, Vietnam, Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Maldives, Bangladesh, Australia (NE-Queensland, NE-New South Wales), Cocos (Keeling) Isl., Norfolk Isl., New Caledonia, Fiji, New Zealand (North Cape to Banks peninsula, Greymouth), Chatham Isl. (I), Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Anijima, Keetaajima), Volcano Isl. (Iwojima), Cook Isl. (Rarotonga), Gilbert Isl. (Tarawa, Nonouti, Onotoa), Mapia Isl., Marquesas Isl., Marshall Isl. (Bikini, Likiep), Micronesia (Yap, Woleai, Truk, Moen), Nauru, Niue, Northern Marianas (Asuncion), Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Malakal, Tobi), Society Isl. (Tahiti, Moorea, Huahine, Raiatea, Tahaa), Southern Marianas (Saipan, Rota, Guam), Tonga (Kao, Vava’u), Tuamotu Arch. (Makatea Isl.), Austral Isl. (Raivavae, Rurutu, Rapa Iti, Tubuai), Western Samoa (Savaii), Cape Verde Isl. (Fogo Isl.), Hawaii (Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.) as per Catalogue of life)


Images by Nidhan Singh

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Filicium decipiens (Wight & Arn.) Thwaites (India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand (I), Java (I), Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Comores (Mayotte, etc.), Malaysia (I), Fiji (I), Panama (I), Hawaii (I) (Oahu (I), West Maui (I) (Honokowai Valley (I)), Hawaii Isl. (I) (Hilo) (I)), Burma (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I) as per Catalogue of Life)


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Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radlk. (Australia (N-Queensland), Java, Sri Lanka, India (Assam, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, New Guinea, Fiji, Tonga (‘Eua), Western Samoa, peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahang), Thailand, S-Vietnam, Solomon Isl., Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Isl., Philippines (throughout), USA (I) (Florida (I)) as per Catalogue of life)


 

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(China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan) as per Catalogue of Life)


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(China (S-Fujian, Guangdong), peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Terengganu, Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan), Borneo, Thailand, Vietnam, Costa Rica (I), Cuba (I), Hispaniola (I), Puerto Rico (I), Taiwan (I), Java (I), trop. Africa (I), Fiji (I), Palau Isl. (I), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I), Raiatea (I)), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Andaman Isl. (I), Burma (I), Bhutan (I), India (I), Bangladesh (I), Nepal (I), Mozambique (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I), Cameroon (I), Benin (I), Honduras (c) as per Catalogue of Life)


 

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(SE-Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I)), Jamaica (c), Trinidad & Tobago (I) as per Catalogue of Life)



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(Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia (Antioquia, Bolvar, Cesar, Choc, Crdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Quindo, San Andrs, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Sucre, Tolima, Valle), Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Bolivar, Carabobo, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Tachira, Zulia), N-Brazil (I), Guyana (I), Surinam (I), French Guiana? (I), Belize (I), Bahamas (I), Turks & Caicos Isl. (I), Cayman Isl. (I), Cuba (I), Jamaica (I), Hispaniola (I), Puerto Rico (I), Virgin Isl. (I) (Guana (I), Jost van Dyke (I), St. Croix (I), St. John (I), St. Thomas (I), Tortola (I), Virgin Gorda (I)), Lesser Antilles (I) (Anguilla (I), Antigua (I), Barbados (I), Barbuda (I), Dominica (I), Guadeloupe (I), Martinique (I), Saba (I), St. Barthelemy (I), St. Eustatius (I), St. Lucia (I), St. Martin (I)), Trinidad & Tobago (I), Cook Isl. (I) (Rarotonga (I)), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I), Moorea (I)), Tuamotu Arch. (I) (Makatea Isl. (I), Takapoto Atoll (I)), Marquesas Isl. (I) (Hiva Oa (I), Fatu Hiva (I)), USA (Florida (I)), Vietnam (I), Taiwan (I), trop. Africa (I), Cameroon (I), Burkina Faso (I), Benin (I) as per Catalogue of Life)


 

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(Java, Myanmar [Burma] (Mon, Taninthayi), peninsular Malaysia (scattered in the wild), Singapore, Thailand, Laos, Philippines (Basilan), Palawan, Vietnam (I), Borneo, Sumatra, Sulawesi, ?Moluccas (?Ceram), Sri Lanka (I), Palau Isl. (I) (Babeldaob (I), Pohnpei (I)), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I), Raiatea (I), etc. (I)), China (I) (Guangdong (I), Hainan (I)), Taiwan (I), Costa Rica (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I), Honduras (c), trop. Africa (I), Angola (I), Guinea (I) as per Catalogue of Life)


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Nephelium ramboutan-ake (Labill.) P. W. Leenhouts (peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Kelantan, Terengganu, Perak, Pahang, Selangor, Melaka), +Singapore, Java, Borneo, India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Meghalaya), Myanmar [Burma], Sumatra, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Leyte, Samar, Mindanao, Basilan), Palawan, Moluccas (Sula Arch.), Thailand, Costa Rica (I) as per Catalogue of Life)


 

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Paullinia cupana Kunth (Introduced) ?
(Colombia (Amazonas, Meta, Vaups), Peru, Ecuador, N-Brazil (Para, Amazonas, Acre), Venezuela (Amazonas) as per Catalogue of Life)


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Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken (Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab), Nepal, India (throughout), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isl., Sulawesi (incl. Selayar Isl., Kabaena Isl., Muna Isl.), Moluccas (Ambon, Banda, ?Ceram, ?Kei Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Bangladesh as per Catalogue of life)



 

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FAMILY OF THE WEEK: SAPINDACEAE ACERACEAE (MAPLE FAMILY)
Large family represented in India by 24 genera and 72 species occurring in the tropical eastern Himalayas and western peninsular India.
Vegetative characters:
The members of the family are trees or shrubs or sometimes vines. The stems show peculiar secondary growth in thickness.
The leaves are alternate or rarely opposite (Acer), usually pinnately compound, sometimes simple (Cardiospermum), palmately lobed and veined (Acer) or digitate (Aesculus). They are exstipulate but occasionally stipulate as in Melianthus. The latex or resin cells are often present in the leaves.
Inflorescence and flowers:
Racemose inflorescence with minute flowers or unilateral cymes in panicles. The flowers are mostly polygamo-dioecious. They are zygomorphic or occasionally actinomorphic, tetra or pentamerous and hypogynous.
The calyx is composed of four or five sepals which are free or variously connate, often unequal and valvate or imbricate in bud.
The corolla is of four to five free petals but usually there are four petals and the place of fifth petal is vacant.
The androecium has typically eight or ten stamens or sometimes less as in Aesculus.
An annular or unilateral disc is often present between the petals and the stamens.
The gynoecium is usually tricarpellary and syncarpous. The ovary is superior.
Fruits and the seeds:
The fruit is capsular or it is indehiscent and entire or lobed as in Sapindus. Sometimes the fruit is a double Samara as in Acer or nutlike as in Litchi.
The seeds are globose or compound, often arillate, endospermic or nonendospermic with often plicate or spirally convolute embryo.
Pollination and dispersal:
The flowers are often protandrous and pollinated by insects. Flies and humble bees are the chief pollinators.The fruits of Dodonia and Acer are blown to long distances by strong winds. The dispersal also takes place by birds and animals in many genera.
Examples:
Litchi chinensis
Sapindus mukorossi (Soapnut tree, Ritha)
Sapindus laurifolius Acer saccharinum (Sugar Maple)
Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse chestnut)
Schleichera oleosa (Kusam)
Dodonia viscosa (Vilayati Mehandi)
Nephelium lappaceum (Rambutan)


It is appropriate to mention here that the complete account of Sapindaceae of India has been published by BSI. It is written by P.C.Pant as Flora of India Vol-5 Olacaceae –Connaraceae (2000) wherein Sapindaceae is described on page 343–387.
The information indicates that Sapindaceae is represented by 18 genera, 37 species in India.
The grand old Botanist (retired now) at Northern Circle of BSI at Dehradun helped me in many identifications in different families.


It is nice to hear that you have came in contact with Dr. P.C. Pant Sir. Please convey my regards to him. I am sending herewith a portion of Flora of India Vol-5 Sapindaceae (2000) pages 354–361 as an pdf file about Cardiospermum and Dodonaea. Both these genus have two species each according to this work. Key is provided to get clear identification of the species under these two genus. I hope it may help.  

Sapindaceae, Fl. of India, Vol 5 pp 354-361.pdf


 

Sapindaceae- comparative images : 2 posts by 2 authors.

Species, genera & family pages of‎‎‎ Sapindaceae are now with comparative images. On clicking the link of species, one can check the complete details. Genus pages generally give details of most of the species found in India.

May I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this family (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified/ wrongly identified images, it will be really nice.


 

 
 
 

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