ANACARDIACEAE (Reported from India: 24 genera, 74 species; Represented in eFI: 21 genera, 39 species, including 1 genus and 4 species from outside India) 

  1. Anacardium: occidentale
  2. Bouea: oppositifolia
  3. Buchanania: arborescens, axillaris, barberi, cochinchinensis, lanceolata, lancifoliasessifolia, splendens
  4. Choerospondias: axillaris
  5. Cotinus: coggygria, kanaka
  6. Dobinea: vulgaris
  7. Dracontomelon: dao
  8. Drimycarpus: racemosus
  9. Gluta: tavoyana
  10. Holigarna: arnottiana, beddomei, caustica, ferruginea, grahamii, kurzii, nigra
  11. Lannea: coromandelica
  12. Mangifera: andamanica, camptosperma, indica, khasiana, linearifolia, nicobarica, sylvatica(?)
  13. Nothopegia: aureofulva, beddomei, castaneifolia (=racemosa), colebrookeana, heyneana, monadelpha, sivagiriana, travancorica, vajravelui
  14. Parishia: insignis
  15. Pegia: nitida
  16. Pistacia: atlantica, chinensis, chinensis subsp. integerrima, khinjuk
  17. Rhodosphaera: rhodanthema (Cultivated, Australia)
  18. Pleiogynium: timoriense (Cultivated)
  19. Rhus: chinensis, hookeri, punjabensis
  20. Schinus: molle (cultivated, USA), terebinthifolius (Cultivated)
  21. Searsia: mysorensis, paniculata, parviflora, tomentosus,
  22. Semecarpus: anacardium, auriculata, heterophyllus, kathalekanensis, kurzii, prainii, subpanduriformis, travancorica
  23. Spondias: acuminata, dulcis, indica, pinnata
  24. Swintonia: floribunda
  25. Toxicodendron: griffithii, khasiana, radicans,  succedaneaum, vernicifluum, wallichii

Chandra, D. and Mukerjee, S.K. 2000. Anacardiaceae. In: Singh, N.P., Vohra, J.N., Hajra, P.K. and Singh, D.K. (eds.) Flora of India volume 5. BSI, Calcutta. pp. 436-510.
Efloraofindia 2007 onwards. Anacardiaceae. Accessed at /species/a—l/a/anacardiaceae acessed on 04-07-2020.
Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthi, S. 2009. Flowering plants of India Dicotyledons volume 1 (Acanthaceae – Avicenniaceae). BSI, Kolkata. pp. 77-84.

Keys from Flora of Bhutan

1. Leaves simple …. .. 2
+ Leaves compound, trifoliolate or pinnate ….. .. 5
2. Leaves opposite …… .. 9. Dobinea
+ Leaves altemate …… .. 3
3. Leaves crispate and with a distinct marginal vein .. .. 4. Drimycarpus
+ Leaves flat and without a marginal vein ……. .. 4
4. Leaves lanceolate or elliptic …… .. 3. Mangifera
+ Leaves obovate ……… .. 7. Semecarpus
5. Leaves trifoliolate ……. .. 1. Rhus (R. paniculata)
+ Leaves pinnate ………. .. 6
6. Scandent shrub …… .. 2. Pegia
+ Erect shrubs or trees ……. .. 7
7. Plants flowering precociously or with young leaves .. 8
+ Plants leafy when flowering ….. .. 9
8. Leaflets with a distinct intramarginal vein …………… .. 6. Spondias
+ Leaflets without intramarginal veins …….. ..8. Lannea
9. Male flowers in broad panicles c 15cm; female flowers in panicles 7 – 40cm; fruit globose, subglobose or renifonn, less than 0.7cm diameter … 1. Rhus
+ Male flowers in narrow axillary panicles 3 — 7cm; female flowers solitary, axillary; fruit oblong-ovoid, c 3.5 x 2.5cm … 5. Choerospondias

Anacardium occidentale L. (Images by tspkumar)



Buchanania arborescens (Bl.) Bl. (S. Taiwan, Tropical Asia to N. Australia: Andaman Is., Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO)


Mangifera indica L. (Images by Tspkumar, Rashida Atthar & Dinesh Valke)





Pleiogynium timoriense (A. DC.) Leenh. (Cultivated- Lalbagh, Banglore) (Images by Raman Arunachalam (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Rhus chinensis Mill. (Images by Ashwini Bhatia (Identified by Ushadi, N.S. Chauhan & Krishan Lal) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Rhus punjabensis J.L. Stewart ex Brandis (China (Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), Tibet, India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir, Jammu), Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay), Nepal, Pakistan (Chitral, Murree) as per Catalogue of Life)


Rhus typhina L. (Images by Nalini (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi (Images by Aarti S Khale (Validated by Gurcahran Singh) & Renee (Identified by Prashant Awale & Giby Kuriakose) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Images by Satish Phadke, Devendra Bhardwaj & J. M. Garg (Validated by Vijayasankar Raman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg)


Searsia paniculata (Wall. ex G.Don) Moffett

(Images by Anurag N Sharma (Validated by Tapas Chakrabarty) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



(Images by Nayan Singh Dungriyal, Bakar Singh & Nidhan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Semecarpus anacardium L. f. (Images by J.M.Garg (Identified by Ajinkya Gadave & Satish Phadke) & Muthu Karthick (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Semecarpus subpanduriformis Wall. (Images by Sourav Mahmud (Identified by Surajit Koley & Vijayasankar Raman) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Spondias dulcis Sol. ex Parkinson (Images by Padmani Raghavan (Identified by Satish Pardeshi) & Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Spondias indica (Wight & Arn.) Airy Shaw & Forman (Images by Muthu Karthick (Identified by Giby Kuriakose & E.S. Santhosh Kumar) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz (Images by Suarjit Koley (Validated by E.S. Santhosh Kumar & Satish Phadke) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Swintonia floribunda Griff. (Assam to Sumatera: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO)

Toxicodendron vernicifluum (Stokes) F.A. Barkley (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Toxicodendron wallichii (Hook. fil.) Kuntze (Himalaya to S. Tibet and N. Thailand: East Himalaya, Nepal, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO)


Species & genera pages of Anacardiaceae in efloraofindia are now with images.
I started this exercise on 25th Jan.’16 in my residual time & now today (14.2.16), it is complete.
It involves inserting images on around 37 species pages (say around 130 images) & 17 genera pages. It also involved a lot of cleansing work like deletion of duplicate/ wrong pages, correctly identify some of the threads, putting them at their proper place, proper formatting of the species pages etc.
I request our members to pl. take up one family each & try to make efloraofindia more constructive. We will be rendering what ever assistance is required by the members, in this matter.


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