Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl.): 152 1931. (syn. Canthium parviflorum Lam.; Gmelina coromandelina Burm.f.; Paederia valli-kara Juss.; Plectronia parviflora (Lam.) Bedd.; Webera tetrandra Willd.);
Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;
 
Coromandel Canthium • Marathi: किरमा Kirma, Kadbar • Tamil: Nallakkarai, Kudiram, Sengarai • Malayalam: Kantankara, Niruri, Serukara • Telugu: Sinnabalusu, Balusu • Kannada: Karemullu, Ollepode, ಕಾರೆಗಿಡ  [ Kaare-gida ]  • Oriya: Tutidi • Konkani: Kayili • Sanskrit: Nagabala, Gangeruki; 
 
Goats like the leaves very much, fruits edible. Village boys and women eat the fruits.   


On 14/11/09 in Shamirpet in Rangareddi district of Andhra Pradesh, India.

It was in a forest area near the lake.

I saw these eaten by some birds.

Here is earlier Indiantreepix thread with unripe fruits of Canthium coromandelicum from …:
http://groups.google.co.in/group/indiantreepix/browse_thread/thread/89e8d51a1634ff18#


The fruits are edible, and in Malayalam it is known as Mullankkara.


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/For%20Id%20Tree%20I%20IMG_7604.jpg

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/For%20Id%20Tree%20I%20IMG_7611.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/For%20Id%20Tree%20I%20IMG_7609.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/For%20Id%20Tree%20I2%20IMG_7607.jpg

Small Tree for Id 120409Jm1 : 13 posts by 7 authors. 4 images.

It was a smallish thorny tree, leafless & totally in flowers. On 11/4/09 at Samirpet near Hyderabad, A.P.


you can check this plant in family rhamnaceae


Perhaps some Zizyphus species?


Thanks, …, But I found Zizyphus species having five petals (in star shape) compared to four in the posted one.
I will look for other species in the mean time.


I agree with … The plant in the picture doesnt not belong to Zizyphus as the flowers of Zizyphus are pentamerous. I also doubt whether the plant belongs to Rhamnaceae but am not sure.


Any chance of returning later and looking for fruits? That might aid in the I.D. Sorry if this is a ridiculous question! I don’t know where you live in relation to Samirpet.


Thanks, … I think you are correct- it matches with my posted shrub. 
More details about Canthium coromandelicum syn. Canthium parviflorum:

Please help to id this small tree (or Shrub) belonging to Rubiaceae.
Leaves ovate and prominently nerved; leaf size ranges 5 – 7cm in length. I have not seen the flowers or fruits.
Date: 07 Jan 2010


May be Canthium sp.


Canthium parviflorum..?
Verify.


Thank you all,

Is there any recent change in the nomenclature of Canthium parviflorum Lam.? Any synonyms for this?


Canthium parviflorum Lam. (synonym) is a synonym of Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston (accepted name). The other synonyms of Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston are Paederia valli-kara Juss. (synonym) Webera tetrandra Willd. (synonym)


The plant is indeeed Canthium parviflorum from family Rubiaceae. This plant is known to have high medicinal properties. In sanskrit it’s known as manjishta kul” .


Thank you …, The accepted name is Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/ZZ%20Unknown%20121%20Tree%20-%20Leaf%20Tender.jpg

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/ZZ%20Unknown%20121%20Tree%20-%20Bark.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/ZZ%20Unknown%20121%20Tree%20-%20Flower%20Bud.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/ZZ%20Unknown%20121%20Tree%20-%20Flower.jpg

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/ZZ%20Unknown%20121%20Tree%20-%20Leaf.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/ZZ%20Unknown%20121%20Tree%20-%20Canopy.jpg
It looks close to ……
Some Celastraceae …
?Maytenus rothiana??


It is Canthium sp., most probably C. coromandelicum (Rubiaceae).


Thanks … and ….


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1010489_habitat.jpg

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1010526c.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1010526a.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1010526d.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/P1010525a.jpg

Yellow fruiting shrub for ID | ID req 17Jun2010AR02: Kind request to ID this yellow fruiting & spiky stemmed plant

Found in rocky hills of Bannerghatta.

Date/Time :

15 Aug 2006 1:57PM

Location- Place, altitude and GPS:

Bannerghatta Forest, Bangalore, 12 45 08.02 N 77 34 45.07 E elevation 3008 feet

Habitat- garden/ urban/wild/type:

Wild, rocky hill top,

Plant Habit-tree/shrub/climber/herb:

Shrub

Height/length:

Height – about 5 feet approx

 Leaves-type/shape/size:

5cms

 Inflorescence type /size:

 Flowers-size/colour/calyx/bracts:

2cms, white

 Fruits type-shape/size/seeds:

3cms approx, color-Yellow,

Fragrance/odour/pollinator/uses and so on


some species of Berberis


Can be Berberis aristata quite common in the region you are indicating


Its not a Berberis sp. All the photos belongs to Canthium coromandelicam (Brum.f.) Alston, (Rubiaceae) a common thorny shrub in the deciduous forests.


nice fruits. Are they edible?


In Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve the plant is locally called as Kaarai. The fruits are edible.


ya, In Malayalam – Mullankkara , common in rocky mountains


Yes, this shrub is fruiting Canthium coromandelicum (Burm. F.) Alston of Rubiaceae. Tamil name: Kaaraichedi, Nalla kaarai


Syn – Canthium parviflorum Lam
          Plectronia Parviflora (Lam.) Bedd.
Common in Rocky places
Kannada – ಕಾರೆಗಿಡ [ Kaare-gida ]
A Stout Spiny Shrub.
Flowers – Small, Greenish – Yellow.
Fl: April – May.

Drupes Obcordate, yellow when ripe.



 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Plectronia%20parviflora%20-%20Copy.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Plectronia%20parviflora1%20-%20Copy.JPG

Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston SN Sep18, : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston (= C. parviflorum Lam., Plectronia parviflora (Lam.) Bedd.),

Kaarai mul in Tamil, wild shrub,
goats like the leaves very much, fruits edible. Village boys and women eat the fruits.


 
Images by tspkumar

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/1-Konanakaval_tmk20140817_134819%20-1-.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/2-brahmasamudra_ckm_20140713_145059%20-3-.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/3-Konanakaval_tmk20140817_134819%20-4-.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/4-Konanakaval_tmk20140817_134819%20-7-.jpg

TSP-DEC2015-50-223: Images of Canthium coromandelicum (Rubiaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Canthium coromandelicum  (Rubiaceae 

Habit: A stout, armed shrub-tree..?? 

Habitat: Scrub forests 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 and 800 msl, respectively 

Date:13-07-2014 and 17-08-2014 


A very good set of a Rubiaceae member

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG-20170617-WA0034.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG-20170617-WA0035.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG-20170617-WA0033.jpg
Request for identification : 9 posts by 3 authors.
Location Chitradurga Karnataka
Please identify the plant


Thanks, …  Is it wild or cultivated? 


Mostly it is wild


I think first photo graph is different from that of 2nd and 3rd. The last two maybe canthium sp.


Canthium species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 


yes it is Canthium parviflorum


Randia tertraphylla 


As per the Plant list Randia tetraphylla is not found

 

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/21%2010%202009%20SNP%20Rubiaceae%20shrub4.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/21%2010%202009%20SNP%20Rubiaceae%20shrub2.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/21%2010%202009%20SNP%20Rubiaceae%20shrub1.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/21%2010%202009%20SNP%20Rubiaceae%20shrub.JPG


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_2415.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_2410.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_2411.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_2412-2.JPG

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_2414.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_2413-3.JPG

Goa, May 2019 :: Shrub for ID :: ARK2019-35 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Requesting to please ID this shrub captured on a cliff in South Goa May 2019.
Canthium was suggested on the FB page. Requested to please provide ID.

Canthium coromandelicum only. 


/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/20190802_171312.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/20190802_171241.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/%3B-domain%3Dgoogle.com%3B-expires%3DThu--07-Nov-2019-14-50-13-GMT.jpg

 

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/20190802_171049.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/20190802_171545.jpg
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/20190802_171104.jpg

Fwd: Canthium coromandelicum( Burm. f.)Alston : 6 posts by 1 author. 2nd only is correct image– 3 mb each. 
sending some photos of Canthium coromandelicum on 2/08/2019, Jagasara, block Jatani, dist Khorda, Odisha


Attachments (3)- 2, 2 & 1 mb.  

2nd only is correct image– 3 mb each.


Attachments (1) – 4 mb.


Sorry to say that out of 8 photographs posted today morning for Canthium coromandelicum, sr no 1 & sr no 6  belong to Carissa carandas clearly shown withripen black berry, taken on same place, Jagasara, Khorda, Odisha & on same date, this may kindly  be acknowledged,


References:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *