Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6(Suppl.): 152 1931. (syn. Canthium parviflorum Lam.; Gmelina coromandelina Burm.f.; Paederia valli-kara Juss.; Plectronia parviflora (Lam.) Bedd.; Webera tetrandra Willd.);
Bangladesh; India; Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;
Coromandel Canthium • Marathi: किरमा Kirma, Kadbar • Tamil: Nallakkarai, Kudiram, Sengarai • Malayalam: Kantankara, Niruri, Serukara • Telugu: Sinnabalusu, Balusu • Kannada: Karemullu, Ollepode, ಕಾರೆಗಿಡ  [ Kaare-gida ]  • Oriya: Tutidi • Konkani: Kayili • Sanskrit: Nagabala, Gangeruki; 
Goats like the leaves very much, fruits edible. Village boys and women eat the fruits.


Canthium coromandelicum fruits? : 3 images.
On 14/11/09 in Shamirpet in Rangareddi district of Andhra Pradesh, India.
It was in a forest area near the lake.
I saw these eaten by some birds.

Here is earlier Indiantreepix thread with unripe fruits of Canthium coromandelicum from …: efi thread#

The fruits are edible, and in Malayalam it is known as Mullankkara.

Small Tree for Id 120409Jm1 : 13 posts by 7 authors. 4 images.
It was a smallish thorny tree, leafless & totally in flowers. On 11/4/09 at Samirpet near Hyderabad, A.P.

you can check this plant in family rhamnaceae

Perhaps some Zizyphus species?

Thanks, …, But I found Zizyphus species having five petals (in star shape) compared to four in the posted one. I will look for other species in the mean time.

I agree with … The plant in the picture doesnt not belong to Zizyphus as the flowers of Zizyphus are pentamerous. I also doubt whether the plant belongs to Rhamnaceae but am not sure.

Any chance of returning later and looking for fruits? That might aid in the I.D. Sorry if this is a ridiculous question! I don’t know where you live in relation to Samirpet.

Could it be Canthium coromandelicum?

Thanks, … I think you are correct- it matches with my posted shrub.
More details about Canthium coromandelicum syn. Canthium parviflorum:

Please help to id this small tree (or Shrub) belonging to Rubiaceae.
Leaves ovate and prominently nerved; leaf size ranges 5 – 7cm in length. I have not seen the flowers or fruits.
Date: 07 Jan 2010

May be Canthium sp.

Canthium parviflorum..? Verify.

Thank you all, Is there any recent change in the nomenclature of Canthium parviflorum Lam.? Any synonyms for this?

Canthium parviflorum Lam. (synonym) is a synonym of Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston (accepted name). The other synonyms of Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston are Paederia valli-kara Juss. (synonym) Webera tetrandra Willd. (synonym)

The plant is indeeed Canthium parviflorum from family Rubiaceae. This plant is known to have high medicinal properties. In sanskrit it’s known as manjishta kul” .

Thank you …, The accepted name is Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston


Request Tree ID 121 – Lalbagh, Bangalore:

It looks close to …… Some Celastraceae … ?Maytenus rothiana??

It is Canthium sp., most probably C. coromandelicum (Rubiaceae).

Thanks … and …. It does look like flowersofindia


Yellow fruiting shrub for ID | ID req 17Jun2010AR02:
Kind request to ID this yellow fruiting & spiky stemmed plant
Found in rocky hills of Bannerghatta.

Date/Time :

15 Aug 2006 1:57PM

Location- Place, altitude and GPS:

Bannerghatta Forest, Bangalore, 12 45 08.02 N 77 34 45.07 E elevation 3008 feet

Habitat- garden/ urban/wild/type:

Wild, rocky hill top,

Plant Habit-tree/shrub/climber/herb:



Height – about 5 feet approx



 Inflorescence type /size:


2cms, white

 Fruits type-shape/size/seeds:

3cms approx, color-Yellow,

Fragrance/odour/pollinator/uses and so on

some species of Berberis

Can be Berberis aristata quite common in the region you are indicating

Its not a Berberis sp. All the photos belongs to Canthium coromandelicam (Brum.f.) Alston, (Rubiaceae) a common thorny shrub in the deciduous forests.

nice fruits. Are they edible?

In Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve the plant is locally called as Kaarai. The fruits are edible.

ya, In Malayalam – Mullankkara , common in rocky mountains

Yes, this shrub is fruiting Canthium coromandelicum (Burm. F.) Alston of Rubiaceae. Tamil name: Kaaraichedi, Nalla kaarai

Syn – Canthium parviflorum Lam
Plectronia Parviflora (Lam.) Bedd.
Common in Rocky places
Kannada – ಕಾರೆಗಿಡ [ Kaare-gida ]
A Stout Spiny Shrub.
Flowers – Small, Greenish – Yellow.
Fl: April – May.

Drupes Obcordate, yellow when ripe.


Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston SN Sep18, : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston (= C. parviflorum Lam., Plectronia parviflora (Lam.) Bedd.),
Kaarai mul in Tamil, wild shrub,
goats like the leaves very much, fruits edible. Village boys and women eat the fruits.

It is my pleasure to share few images of Canthium coromandelicum  (Rubiaceae 

Habit: A stout, armed shrub-tree..?? 

Habitat: Scrub forests 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 and 800 msl, respectively 

Date:13-07-2014 and 17-08-2014

A very good set of a Rubiaceae member

Request for identification : 9 posts by 3 authors. 2 correct images as above.
Location Chitradurga Karnataka
Please identify the plant

Thanks, …  Is it wild or cultivated? 

Mostly it is wild

I think first photo graph is different from that of 2nd and 3rd. The last two maybe canthium sp.

Canthium species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

yes it is Canthium parviflorum

Randia tertraphylla

As per the Plant list Randia tetraphylla is not found



Goa, May 2019 :: Shrub for ID :: ARK2019-35 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Requesting to please ID this shrub captured on a cliff in South Goa May 2019.
Canthium was suggested on the FB page. Requested to please provide ID.

Canthium coromandelicum only.


Fwd: Canthium coromandelicum( Burm. f.)Alston : 6 posts by 1 author. 2nd only is correct image– 3 mb each.
sending some photos of Canthium coromandelicum on 2/08/2019, Jagasara, block Jatani, dist Khorda, Odisha

Attachments (3)- 2, 2 & 1 mb.  

2nd only is correct image– 3 mb each.

Attachments (1) – 4 mb.

Sorry to say that out of 8 photographs posted today morning for Canthium coromandelicum, sr no 1 & sr no 6  belong to Carissa carandas clearly shown withripen black berry, taken on same place, Jagasara, Khorda, Odisha & on same date, this may kindly be acknowledged,


Small Tree For Id_Flora of Telangana: 4 images.

Small Tree was observed at Sangareddy, Telangana.
Altitude- 500 MSL
Date- 24th July 2021
Height- 15  Feet
Kindly help in id.

Please check Canthium coromandelicum (किरम)

Agree with …

Yes it’s …

Thank you … for helping in id.
And Thank you … for id confirmation.
I am going to taste the fruits now.

No Problem ma’am, the fruits are very tasty, try,


503 ID wild thorny tree: 21 images.
Please ID wild tree,
Location: bloomed near Nadukani Hills Kothamangalam Ernakulam Kerala INDIA
Altitude: 1400fsl
Flower date: 24JUN2023, 05.20pm
Habitat: wild moisture rock outcrop misty sloppy windy alpine
Plant habit: tree, erect branches, branchlets, hard cylindrical stem 08 inches base circumference, rough brownish bark, thorny
Height: 04 meters
Leaves: opposite heart shaped acute simple glossy wavy, spike like nice bracts, size upto: 08×5cm
Flower: axillary panicle inflorescence, 04 petals, diameter:05mm, off-white, fragrant
Fruit: berry green into yellow to brown, globular diameter: 12mm

Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston [Rubiaceae].

Yes, it is Canthium coromandelicum dear …, thank you very much for ID my tree


Rubiaceae: Canthium coromandelicum (Burm.f.) Alston: 1 image.

synonyms: Canthium parviflorum Lam., Webera tetrandra Willd., Plectronia parviflora (Lam.) Bedd.
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997



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