Piper acutistigmum C.DC. (INDIA: Andaman Islands, Arunachal Pradesh(?); MYANMAR as per Nomenclatural notes on Piper Linn. (Piperaceae) from India II – PRASANTA KUMAR MUKHERJEE- Phytotaxa 338 (1): 017–032, 2018)
Piper arboreum Aubl. (Cultivated)
Piper arnottianum (Miq.) C. DC. (INDIA: Tamilnadu, Kerala, Northern Division (?). BANGLADESH, THAILAND (SIAM!) as per Nomenclatural notes on Piper Linn. (Piperaceae) from India II PRASANTA KUMAR MUKHERJEE Phytotaxa 338 (1): 017–032 (2018))
Piper attenuatum Buch.-Ham. ex Miq. (New Guinea (alpine), Java, peninsular Malaysia, China (Yunnan), India, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Yangon), Bhutan, Sikkim, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of life)
Piper betle L. (Sunda Isl. (I), Taiwan (I), Java, Jamaica (I), Lesser Antilles (I) (Guadeloupe (I), Martinique (I)), Seychelles (I), Mauritius (I), Madagascar (I), trop. E-Africa (I), Fiji (I), Christmas Isl. (Austr.) (I), India (I), Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives) (I), Maldives (I), Philippines (I), Sri Lanka (I), Vietnam (I), trop. Afr. (I), Northern Marianas (I) (Agrihan (I), Alamagan (I), Sarigan (I)), Southern Marianas (I) (Saipan (I), Rota (I), Guam (I)), La Runion (I), Andamans (I) (North Andamans (I), Middle Andamans (I), South Andamans (I), Little Andaman Isl. (I)), Nicobars (I) (Car Nicobar Isl. (I), North Nicobars (I), Central Nicobars (I), Great Nicobar Isl. (I), Little Nicobar Isl. (I)), Myanmar [Burma] (I), Laos (I), Bhutan (I), Sikkim (I), Nepal (I), New Guinea (I), Solomon Isl. (I), Moluccas (I), Micronesia (I) (Yap (I), Fais (I), Pohnpei (I)), Palau Isl. (I) (Babeldaob (I), Angaur (I), Sonsorol (I)), Singapore (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I) as per Catalogue of Life)
Piper divaricatum G.Mey. (Cultivated)
(Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela as per POWO)
Piper dravidii Lekhak, Kambale et S. R. Yadav (Maharashtra (Kolhapur and Satara) and Karnataka (Belgaum) as per A new Piper from the northern Western Ghats and notes on economic potential of Piper section Muldera)
Piper longum L. (NE-India, Bangladesh, Taiwan (I), China (I) (Yunnan (I), Fujian (I), Guangdong (I), Guangxi (I), Hainan (I)), Nepal (I), Sri Lanka (I), Vietnam (I), Andamans (I) (South Andamans (I)), Nicobars (I) (North Nicobars (I)), Bhutan (I), Sikkim (I), Myanmar [Burma] (I), Laos (I) as per Catalogue of Life)
Piper nigrum L. (S-India, Bangladesh (c), Sri Lanka (c), Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives) (c), Maldives (c), Costa Rica (c), Taiwan (c), Java (c), New Guinea (alpine(c)), Jamaica (c), Belize (c), Lesser Antilles (c) (Guadeloupe (c), Dominica (c), Martinique (c), St. Vincent (c)), Mexico (c), Venezuela (c), Brazil (c), Colombia (c), Seychelles (c), peninsular Malaysia (c), Fiji (c), China (c) (Fujian (c), Guangdong (c), Guangxi (c), Yunnan (c)), trop. Afr. (c), Cameroon (c), Micronesia (c) (Pohnpei (c)), Palau Isl. (c) (Babeldaob (c), Koror(c)), Society Isl. (c) (Tahiti (c), Raiatea(c)), Southern Marianas (c) (Guam(c)), Mauritius (c), La Runion (c), Benin (c), Sao Tome (c), Guinea (c), Andamans (c), Nicobars (c), Myanmar [Burma] (c), Nepal (c), Philippines (c), Laos (c), Vietnam (c), Trinidad & Tobago (c), Honduras (c) as per Catalogue of Life)
Piper retrofractum Vahl (Cultivated)
(Native to: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. Introduced into: East Himalaya, Leeward Is., Windward Is. as per POWO)
Piper sarmentosum Roxb. (China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Tibet, Cambodia, India, Laos, Philippines (Negros, Samar, Camiguin, Siasi, Mindanao), Palawan, Vietnam, Java, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Madagascar (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I), Micronesia (I) (Pohnpei (I)) as per Catalogue of Life)
Piper suipigua Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don (China (W-Yunnan), Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, India (Darjeeling) as per Catalogue of Life)
Piper sylvaticum Roxb. (Tibet, China (Yunnan), Laos, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar [Burma] (Taninthayi), Bhutan, Sikkim as per Catalogue of Life)
Piper umbellatum L. (Introduced)
(Native: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.
Introduced: Angola, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, Philippines, Rwanda, Réunion, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaïre, Zimbabwe as per POWO)
Piper wallichii (Miq.) Hand.-Mazz. (Nepal to Central & S. China and Indo-China: Assam, Bangladesh, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand as per POWO)
A new Piper from the northern Western Ghats and notes on economic potential of Piper section Muldera : Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 61(6) May 2014 Manoj M. Lekhak, Sharad Kambale, Shrirang Yadav-
(Abstract- Piper dravidii Lekhak, Kambale et S. R. Yadav, a new species from northern Western Ghats is described and illustrated. The names Muldera galeata Miq. [Piper galeatum (Miq.) C. DC.] and M. trichostachya Miq. [Piper trichostachyon (Miq.) C. DC.] are lectotypified. A key for the species of Piper section Muldera Miq. in India has also been provided to facilitate identification. In addition, the significance of species of Piper section Muldera as a candidate in breeding programs of P. nigrum is also discussed).
1. Male and female inflorescence pubescent P. trichostachyon
1. Male and female inflorescence glabrous 2
2. Receptacles of male and female flower reniform, distant and recurved P. galeatum
2. Receptacles of male and female flower not reniform, compact and not recurved 3
3. Bract of male receptacle cup-shaped P. relictum
3. Bract of male receptacle obconical P. dravidii
P. nigrum belongs to section Eupiper; P. longum and P. hapnium Ham. to section Chavia; and P. cubeba to section Cubeba and are differentiated as under
Section Cubeba: Spikes solitary; fls dioecious; female bract peltate; fruit with a long stalk- P. cubeba belongs here- climbing; stem round; leaves ovate oblong, acuminate, 4-6.5 cm long, 1.5-2 cm long; berry with long stalk.- obviously not my plant.
Section Eupiper: Spikes solitary; fl dioicios or polgamous; fruit sessile, forming interrupted spikes; bracts and bracteoles adnate to axis- P. nigrum belongs here-Glabrous climbing and rooting plants; leaves coriaceous, ovate oblong; petiole 1.2-4 cm; leaf blade rounded and oblique at base, sometimes cordate; nerves 5-9 (2 pairs near base, more higher); spike variable in length; leaf width upto 2/3 0f length, which again varies; bracts wholly adnate without raised margins- again not our plant.
Section Chavica: Spikes solitary; fls dioiecious; female bracts orbicular, peltate; fruit sessile, in cylindric or globose spikes. P. hapnium and P. longum belong here.
P. hapnium is hoary plant, has stout warted branches; petiole 8-12 mm long; leaves oblong-lanceolate, 6-10 cm long, 4-5 cm broad, 7-nerved, leaves usually pubescent beneath, older leaves rugose; peduncles longer than leaves- it does not match our plant.
P. longum is glabrous creeping plant, branches angular; lower leaves with 2.5-7 cm long petiole; bladeovate-cordate, acuminate, 5-9 cm long, almost as broad; upper leaves sessile and amplexicaul, narrower. female spike 1.2-2 cm.
Three new species of Piper (Piperaceae) from southern Western Ghats, India : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1) – New species of Piper.pdf – 3 MB.
Three new species of Piper (Piperaceae) – P. canescens J.Mathew, P. megacarpum J.Mathew and P. karpuragandhum J.Mathew & Yohannan — from from the southern Western Ghats are described.
I am attaching herewith three PDF files on the above subject for your information.
Nomenclatural notes on Piper Linn. (Piperaceae) from India – PRASANTA KUMAR MUKHERJEE- Phytotaxa 289 (2): 188–192, 2017
Nomenclatural notes on Piper Linn. (Piperaceae) from India II – PRASANTA KUMAR MUKHERJEE- Phytotaxa 338 (1): 017–032, 2018
Nomenclatural notes on Piper (Piperaceae) from India III– PRASANTA KUMAR MUKHERJEE- Phytotaxa Vol 441, No 3 (2020)-
(Abstract- This paper, in continuation of earlier ones (Mukherjee 2017, 2018), deals with the taxonomic studies of the genus Piper Linnaeus (Piperaceae) from India. It includes information on the identity, typification and nomenclature of ten additional species. The results report four new names: Piper courtallensis P. K. Mukh. nom. nov., Piper kurgianum P. K. Mukh. nom.nov, Piper lamarckianum P. K. Mukh. nom. nov., and Piper travancorianum P. K. Mukh. nom. nov. It also deals with the lectotypification and nomenclature of P. argyrophyllum Miquel, P. attenuatum Miquel and P. talbotii C. de Candolle in addition to supersession of previous lectotypification with new ones for P. leptostachyum Miquel and P. peepuloides Roxburgh. Additionally, new synonyms are added for P. obtusistigmum C.de Candolle and P. talbotii C. de Candolle. Identities of P. peepuloides Roxburgh, P. mullesua Don and P. rhytidocarpum J. D. Hooker as distinct species are reasserted. An overall evaluation of their identity and nomenclature including synonyms is included. Necessary explanatory notes are added for each of the species which are dealt alphabetically).
Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 26.2.14:
Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal :
Piper betel L.
Piper boehmeriifolia (Miq.) DC.
Piper chaba Hunter is a synonym of Piper retrofractum Vahl
Piper longum L.
Piper mullesua Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don
Piper nepalense Miq. is a synonym of Piper suipigua Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don
Piper nigrum L.
Piper peepuloides Roxb.
Piper suipigua Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don
Piper wallichii (Miq.) Hand.-Mazz.
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Piper barberi GAMBLE.– R- Tamilnadu
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri- keys– p.431-
Black Pepper: Piper nigrum edited by P. N. Ravindran (2003)- Great details-
Piper hymenophyllum (Miq.) Wight
Piper pseudonigrum Velay. & Amalraj
Piper silentvalleyense Ravindran, M.K.Nair & Asokan Nair
Piper sugandhi Ravindran, Babu et Naik J.
Biodiversity of Piper in South India and application of GIS and cluster analysis in search of its distribution by Utpala Parthasarathy, K. V. Saji, K. Jayaraj and V. A. Parthasarathy IISR, Calicut – 12, Kerala
Piper hymenophyllum (Miq.) Wight
Piper pseudonigrum Velay. & Amalraj
Piper sugandhi Ravindran, Babu et Naik J.
Piper : 1 post by 1 author.
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Piper
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
Piper (Piperaceae)- comparative images : 1 post by 1 author.
May I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.