Tiliacora acuminata (Lam.) Hook. fil. & Thoms., Fl. Ind. 187. 1855 (syn: Braunea menispermoides Willd.; Cocculus acuminatus DC.; Cocculus polycarpus Wall.; Cocculus radiatus DC.; Menispermum acuminatum Lam.; Menispermum glabrum Koen. ex Willd.; Menispermum polycarpon Roxb.; Menispermum radiatum Lam.; Tiliacora abnormalis Miers; Tiliacora cuspidiformis Miers; Tiliacora fraternaria Miers; Tiliacora racemosa Colebr.);
Nepal, India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka, Myanmar [Burma] (Magway, Mandalay), Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life;
India: Along river banks in forests, up to 2000 m. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; often introduced in gardens for its foliage and fragrant flowers; Sri Lanka and S.E. Asia as per BSI Flora of India;

I thought a TV cable snapped off and ran across the ground.
It was glossy black with a diameter of a TV/Telephone cable.
But why nodes?!!! And it was going to die shortly due to human intervention 🙁
Species : UNKNOWN
Habit & Habitat : wild twiner, roadside
Date : 18-04-2012, 2.20 p.m.
Place : Dattapur (Hooghly), WB

Any Menispermaceae?

It may be Pachygone ovata.


Recorded some more images today (27.4.12), attached here, that i think of the same plant that i posted earlier. It seems to me your ID is correct.
Also attaching some more images to the original post

A couple of days ago i recorded a similar liana that might be this same species. Attaching those photographs (this new set of photographs were taken on 24-04-2012 in another place of Hooghly, West Bengal).

Please check with Tiliacora acuminata. It is a common climber along the field hedges and roadsides.
Is it commonly available in West Benagal?

This plant is very common in West Bengal and, as you have mentioned, a common climber in hedges and roadsides. But i think i would have to wait until i capture fruit images of this plant so that i could compare it with those available in the internet.


Today (07-05-12) again visited the very same plant to see if i could get some fruit pics. But, to my bad luck, someone has cut it very recently. Attaching the photographs that i recorded today. Also attaching flower pics of another plant (same species) found nearby.

One thing is very clear to me that this liana is very common here and all the three sets of pictures uploaded so far are from the same species.


First, i must confess that i cannot help but calling myself ‘a fool’!

I have excuses though : a) so few online data is available regarding wild species of India, specially if it does not bear attractive flowers or fruits, b) almost no image is available so that it could help a layperson… etc.
However, i just found out (what i didn’t know earlier) that –
1) A Menispermaceae member is a dioecious plant –
2) Tiliacora racemosa is a synonym of T. acuminata or Cocculus acuminatus
3) The plant T. acuminata / T. recemosa has ayurvedic use –
Attaching here some more photographs of the same plant. Please confirm if the species is Tiliacora acuminata.

Flowers opening across the tip and not down the sides (Gamble-I page 25). Hence, this might be Pachygone ovata of Menispermaceae family.

Thanks to … for introducing this plant to me while we were together in Pooyamkutty forests in Kerala.

Thank you very much for confirming the species. The day before yesterday i came to know that some local people call it LAVANGA-LATA (lavanga = clove; lata = climber/twiner/creeper) in Bengali. This is, however, i think due to blackish dry male flowers of this plant. But, unlike the plant this name (LAVANGA-LATA) is not common.


I have recorded the fruits of the same plant today. I am grateful to all of you for introducing me to a new family that i didn’t know earlier.

According to Gamble, the key character differentiating Pachygone and Tiliacora is the flower opening…

Flower opening down the sides….. Tiliacora
Flower opening across the tip……. Pachygone
Leaf characters are not mentioned by Gamble!

A search in the “ENVIS Centre of Medicinal Plants” (http://envis.frlht.org/botanical_search.php) yields following results :-
more on Pachygone ovata
  1. a sketch – http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=115772&flora_id=5
  2. description – http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=220013554

The plant in my post more close to Tiliacora acuminata than Pachygone ovata.

I think I created lots of confusion in this thread 🙁
Sorry for that 🙂
After study, I tend to agree with your conclusion – Tiliacora acuminata, as earlier identified by …
The plants of both these species are more or less comparable and are also highly variable, hence the confusion.
However, the differences are said to be:
Leaves pinnately nerved, acuminate at apex; carpels 6-9 —> Tiliacora acuminata
Leaves palmately nerved, acute, obtuse or retuse at apex; carpels 3 —> Pachygone ovata

Thanks to … for the additional flower feature that I was not aware.
Please check the number of carpels in your plant when possible.
Note: The picture in the flickr & wiki links provided by you is probably incorrectly identified as Pachygone. It looks like a Dioscorea species to me.

Yesterday, i have recorded the pictures of what appears to me as female flower of this plant. The flower is too small to give me clear pictures.

I think I am seeing 6 carpels, which confirm … id: Tiliacora acuminata.
Thanks a lot for the follow-up and nice, detailed pictures!

Liane for identification 010912MK03: 9 images.

Please help me to identify this liana found near a lake near Chennai. Is this a Pachygone sp. of Menispermaceae?
Habitat: Lake bund; near a scrub forest
Leaf: 15cm long
Flower: yellow; 0.7cm across
Date: 16 Aug 2012
Alt.: c. 45 m asl
Place: Tiruvallur dist., TN

This is Tiliacora acuminata (Menispermaceae)

Many thanks for the identification, yes, it matches with Tiliacora acuminata.


MBNN Fortnight 11-24Oct.2014: Menispermaceae- Tiliacora acuminata from Uttarakhand_DSR_6 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Tiliacora acuminata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson (Menispermaceae) is a large woody climber seen in and around Pantnagar (Uttarakhand).

Thanks … I am yet to record this..


This is another common vine here.

Another good set of pictures! Thanks for sharing

I have more photographs, recorded last year, …, but presently they are hidden under 100s of folders!


Fwd: Climber I’d from Bangladesh 2 : 3 posts by 1 author. 4 images.
Picture taken today (25.11.15)

try Tiliacoea racemosa Colebr. – /species/m—z/m/menispermaceae/tiliacora/tiliacora-acuminata

Seems to match with images of Tiliacora acuminata
Tiliacora racemosa is a synonym of T. acuminata or Cocculus acuminatushttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=220013554

The specimen appears to be Tiliacora racemosa Colebr.

Tiliacora acuminata from Trivandrum : 10 Dec 2017: SS-1 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
A few pictures of Tiliacora acuminata. Known as വള്ളിക്കാഞ്ഞിരം – Vallikanjiram – in Malayalam. 
Family: Mensipermaceae
Photographed on 23 July 2012 from Trivandrum city, growing wild near a temple.

The flowers in the picture are male flowers.

Tiliacora acuminata fruits : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1) – 1 MB.
Found near lake borders near Chengleput.

new to me

Why this new to you?This is very common plant!!!

I don’t know. not in Bengal i dont think. if they are edible, our street urchins dont let them be. i have a sapota/sabeda tree in my front yard, i have yet to eat, even see one fruit. they disappear before we get to see them or mark them for us

security guards tell us they saw x numbers last week, hoping to let them ripen, but alas. same with lemons, gardenia flowers etc. But i promise to keep on the look out in the country side

it only has a malayali name. no hindi, gujarat, bengali sanskrit name as per: https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/250713. site
and distribution is in kerala and western ghats. Indian distribution: State – Kerala, District/s: Kozhikkode, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur; Maharashtra: Konkan, Pune Kerala: Alapuzha, Kollam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Malappuram, Pathanamthitta, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur and map shows up areas south of bengalore and one spot near nepal. so no chance for me to run into it!!!

i stand corrected, thanks … its available in bengal rural areas, i guess and it has a bengali name. i must keep an eye out when going ino non-urban concrete jungle.

1: Availability: for sake of completion in this thread :
our page on this species says its found in Nepal, India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka, Myanmar [Burma] (Magway, Mandalay), Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life;

2: Bengali name and in one long thread that had much confusion among botanists of repute, i remember now (after perusing that thread) that … says its called lavanga lata in bengali. then, i had asked around our “educated” bengali concrete jungle neighborhood, nobody had heard of it or seen it. 

Nepali Name : रुख काने Rukh Kaane 

Re: Menispermaceae ? : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (15)

Sathyamangalam forest, Kodiveri dam, Tamilnadu
[Location: Periyakodiveri, Gobichettipalayam Taluk, Tamil Nadu]
The fruits are sweet and sour.
The collector does not know whether it is edible or not.
Kindly identify this.

Cornus sp. ??

Tiliacora species ???
Habit photo required.

It is Tiliacora acuminata of Menispermaceae

Thank you ... It is Tiliacora acuminata

Tiliacora acuminata of Menispermaceae


MS/MAY/2020/7 – ID of a climber : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
Please ID the plant, a climber, photographed in a Farm land in Chennai last week (18.5.20).
Photographed attached.
Swamy/New series/ID/45 – Tiliacora acuminata.: 4 images.
I am forwarding herewith the photographs received from Chennai  for ID.. For me the plant looks like  Tiliacora acuminata. Please examine and confirm whether  the ID is correct or suggest new ID

Yes …