Keys in Flora of Bhutan (for Senecio):
1. Leaves simple. mostly serrate. rarely with few-lobed cauline leaves smaller than unlobed persistent basal leaves; perennials . . . . .. 2
+ Leaves divided or lobed; annuals or perennials . . . . .. 4
2. Capitula discoid . . . . .. 1. S. kumaonensis (syn. of Synotis penninervis (H.Koyama) T.J.Tong, M.Tang, C.Ren & Q.E.Yang)
+ Capitula radiate . . . .. 3
3. Stems leafy. usually scrambling. to 5m . . . .. 2. S. scandens
+ Stems subscapose_ to 60cm . . .. 3. S. nudicaulis (syn. of Jacobaea nudicaulis (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) B.Nord.)
4. Stems stout. mostly over 50cm: perennials . . . . . .. 5
+ Stems slender. herbaceous. to 45(-60) cm: annuals or scree-perennials with long slender rhizomes . . . . . .. 9
5. lnvolucre 3.5- 10mm diameter: ligules 5-12mm . . . . . . .. 6
+ lnvolucre 2-3mm diameter: ligules to 3mm  . . . . . . .. 7
6. lnvolucre 5-10mm diameter; phyllaries 5-7.5mm: ligules 7-12 >< 2-4.5mm; pappus reddish. absent from ray flowers or reduced and caducous …. 4. S. raphanifolius (syn. of Jacobaea raphanifolia (Wall. ex DC.) B.Nord.)
+ lnvolucre 3.5- 5mm diameter: phyllaries 3.5-5mm: ligules 4—7 >< l.5—2.5mm: pappus whitish or reddish. usually present and unreduced on ray flowers . . . . .. 5. S. laetus (syn. of Jacobaea analoga (DC.) Veldkamp syn. Senecio chrysanthemoides DC.)
7. Leaves deeply lyrately divided. terminal segments much larger than laterals. triangular  . . . . . .. 6. S. biligulatus
+ Leaves pinnatisect. terminal segments not or scarcely larger than laterals . . . . . .. 8
8. Ligules not longer than involucre . . . . . . .. 7. S. graciliflorus (syn. of Jacobaea graciliflora (DC.) Sennikov)
+ Ligules c 3mm longer than involucre  . . . . .. 8. S. royleanus
9. Scree-perennial with long slender rhizomes; ligules 5—10mm ……. 9. S. albopurpureus
+ Annuals: ligules less than 2mm  . . . . . .. 10
10. Ligules scarcely longer than involucre: phyllaries with 2 distinct brown veins  . . . .. I0. S. ramosus
+ Ligules I 2mm: phyllaries indistinctly veined . . . .. 11. S. tetrandrus

Jacobaea analoga (Images by Balkar Singh (ID by Gurcharan Singh), DS RawatNidhan SinghGurcharan SinghNidhan Singh and Aarti Khale (ID by Gurcharan Singh), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Click links to see details and more images))




Jacobaea graciliflora (Images by Balkar SinghAarti Khale (ID Gurcharan Singh), DS RawatPrashant AwaleNidhan Singh and Gurcharan Singh, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click links to see details and more images))



Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden (Images by Aarti Khale (ID by Gurcharan Singh), Gurcharan Singh and Aarti Khale, Inserted by Gurcharan Singh)


Jacobaea nudicaulis (Images by Nidhan SinghDS Rawat

Gurcharan Singh, and Ashwini (ID by Krishan Lal), Inserted by Gurcharan Singh (Please click links to see details and more images))




Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Senecio cineraria DC. = Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden Herb Western Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Mediterranean Region Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Nilgiri

Senecio cineraria DC. = Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Jacobaea maritima Othonna maritima, Senecio cineraria, Senecio bicolor Asteraceae Dusty Miller

Indigenous Drugs Of India By Chopra R N, I.C. Chopra
Senecio jacobaea L. is a synonym of Jacobaea vulgaris Gaertn.

Senecio cineraria DC. = Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Senecio, Cissampelopsis, Curio, Jacobaea, Kleinia, Ligularia & Synotis     

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome

Pl. go through Jacobaea page (Asteraceae (Compositae)) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by …).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.

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