Leucas angularis Benth. (Images by B.Rathinasabapathy – Id by Santhan P)

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Leucas biflora (Vahl) R.Br. ex Sm. (Images by Muthu Karthick & (Surajit Koley – validation by Jui Pethe), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas chinensis (Retz.) R.Br. ex Sm. (Images by Muthu Karthick (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas ciliata Benth. (Images by Dinesh Valke, Samir Mehta & Dinesh Valke, (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) Sm. (Images by (Surajit Koley – validation by Santhan P), Dinesh Valke & (Nidhan Singh – Id by Surajit Koley), (For more photos & complete details, click on the links, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas diffusa Benth. (Images by Santhan P & (Muthu Karthick – validation by A. Lalithamba))

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Leucas eriostoma Hook.f. (Images by P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Leucas hirta (B.Heyne ex Roth) Spreng. (Images by P. Santhan & N Muthu Karthick (Id by P. Santhan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))


Leucas hyssopifolia Benth. (Images by Nidhan Singh – Id by Surajit Koley)

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Leucas lanata Benth. (Images by (Prashant Awale – Id by Gurcharan Singh), Anurag Sharma & (Prashant Awale – Id by Gurcharan Singh), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas lanceifolia Desf. (Images by Muthu Karthick – Id by Sunoj Kumar,(For more photos & complete details, click on the link, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas lavandulifolia Sm. (Images by Surajit Koley – validation by Dinesh Valke & Vijayasankar Raman, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas longifolia Benth. (Images by Shubhada Nikharge – validation by Vijayasankar Raman, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas martinicensis (Jacq.) R.Br. (Images by (Prashant Awale – Id by Vijayasankar Raman) & B.Rathinasabapathy)

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Leucas nutans (Roth) Spreng. 


(Images by Nidhan Singh – Id by A. Lalithamba (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas rosmarinifolia Benth. (Image by Kanti Patel – Id by Franklin Jose)

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Leucas stelligera Wall. ex Benth. (Images by Satish Phadke, DInesh Valke & DInesh Valke, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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(Images by (JM Garg – Id by Surajit Koley), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))

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Leucas suffruticosa Benth. (Images by Muthu Karthick)

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Leucas urticifolia (Vahl) R.Br. ex Sm. (Images by (Muthu Karthick – validation by L Rasingam) & (B.Rathinasabapathy – Id by Vijayasankar Raman))

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Rare and endemic taxa of Leucas (Lamiaceae) in India by Priyanka Agnihotri, Veena Dixit, Harsh Singh, Ajay Kumar Paliwal & Tariq Husain-Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(2): 5507–5511 (2014)- Details with specimen etc.– HTML-
1. Leucas anandaraoana P. Umamaheswari & P. Daniel
2. Leucas angustissima Sedgw.
3. Leucas beddomei (Hook.f.) Sunojkumar & P. Mathew
4. Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) Sm. var. angustifolia (Benth.) V. Singh
5. Leucas deodikarii Billmore & Hemadri
6. Leucas eriostoma Hook.f. var. lanata Hook.f.
7. Leucas eriostoma Hook.f. var. latifolia Hook.f.
8. Leucas helicterifolia Haines
9. Leucas macrantha Blatt. & Hallb.
10. Leucas vestita Wall. ex Benth. var. angustifolia Hook.f.
11. Leucas vestita Wall. ex Benth. var. devicolamensis Shetty & Vivek.
12. Leucas vestita Wall. ex Benth. var. sericostoma Hook.f. 


 
Rare and endemic taxa of Leucas : 1 post by 1 author.
While searched for Leucas in our country I came across several articles. A paper on rare and endemic species can be downloaded from http://www.threatenedtaxa.in/index.php/JoTT/article/view/977/1749


 
Abstract- The taxonomy of Leucas ciliata Benth. and Leucas vestita Benth. (Lamiaceae: Lamioideae) is revised. Leucas vestita is considered as a variety of Leucas ciliata. Leucas vestita var. angustifolia Hook. f., Leucas vestita var. oblongifolia Hook. f., and Leucas vestita var. sericostoma Hook. f. have been transferred as varieties of Leucas ciliata. Leucas vestita var. devicolamensis B. V. Shetty & Vivek. is considered as a synonym of Leucas ciliata var. sericostoma.
1. Leucas ciliata Benth in Wall.  var. ciliata  
2. Leucas ciliata var. angustifolia (Hook. f.) Sunojk., comb. Nova (syn: Leucas vestita var. angustifolia Hook. f.) 
3. Leucas ciliata var. oblongifolia (Hook. f.) Sunojk., comb. nova (syn: Leucas vestita var. oblongifolia Hook. f.)
4. Leucas ciliata var. sericostoma (Hook. f.) Sunojk., comb. nova (syn: Leucas vestita var. sericostoma Hook. f.)
5. Leucas ciliata var. vestita (Hook. f.) Sunojk., comb. nova (syn: Leucas vestita Benth. in Wall.var. vestita)

 
Monograph On Indian Leucas R. Br. (Dronapushpi) Lamiaceae by V. Singh Scientific Publishers, 01-Jan-2001Lamiaceae208 pages
The Present Monograph On Indian Leucas R. Br. (Dronapushpi) Deals With 50 Taxa (40 Species And 10 Varieties). Besides Adopting Correct Valid Names For The Indian Plants And Providing Almost Complete Synonymy, The Description Provided Is Based On Personal 

TAXONOMIC STUDY OF THE GENUS LEUCAS R (Bangladesh- 2005)- Keys
Leucas indica (syn. of Leucas lavandulifolia),
Leucas mollissima (syn. of Leucas decemdentata)
Leucas vestita &
Leucas zeylanica,


I find some difficulties in the KEY and description from Bangladesh – http://www.banglajol.info/bd/index.php/BJPT/article/view/607/999


Species with description & keys in Flora of Pakistan :

Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link

  • Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng.
  • Leucas hyssopifolia Benth.
  • Leucas lanata Benth.
  • Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth.
  • Leucas nutans (Roth) Sprang.
  • Leucas urticifolia (Vahl) R.Br.

  •  

    Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal :

    Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng.

  • Leucas ciliata Benth.
  • Leucas hyssopifolia Benth.
  • Leucas indica (L.) R. Br. ex Vatke
  • Leucas lanata Benth.
  • Leucas mollissima Wall. ex Benth.
  • Leucas mollissima var. angustifolia Wall. ex Benth.
  • Leucas mollissima var. mollissima Wall. ex Benth.
  • Leucas mollissima var. scaberula Wall. ex Benth.
  • Leucas plukenetii (Roth) Spreng.

  • Species with description & keys in Flora of China :

    Leucas aspera

    Leucas cephalotes

    Leucas chinensis

    Leucas ciliata

    Leucas lavandulifolia

    Leucas martinicensis

    Leucas mollissima

    Leucas mollissima var. chinensis

    Leucas mollissima var. mollissima

    Leucas mollissima var. scaberula

    Leucas zeylanica



    A review: Ethnobotanical survey of genus Leucas by Surya Narayan Das,1 Varanasi Jaganath Patro,1 and Subas Chandra Dinda (2012)


     
    A General System of Gardening and Botany: Containing a Complete …, Volume 4 By George Don (1838- 44 species of Leucas with description)


     

    From
    Floral Database of Tamilnadu
    :

     












    Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution

































































































































































































































































    Leucas
    anandaraoana
    Umamahesw. & P. Daniel
    Herb Coast, Endemic P. Daniel &
    P. Umamaheswari 2001
    Ramanathapuram
    Leucas angularis Benth. Herb Western
    Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Dindigul,
    Nilgiri
    Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link Herb Plains
    to Mid Altitude, Open  Localities
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    All
    districts
    Leucas biflora (Vahl) R.Br. var. biflora Herb Plains,
    Shady  Localities
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    All
    districts
    Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng. Herb Plains,
    Agricultural Fields
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Tirunelveli
    Leucas chinensis (Retz.) R.Br. Straggling
    Shrub
    Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
    Coimbatore,
    Dindigul, Salem
    Leucas ciliata Benth. Straggling
    Herb
    Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Coimbatore,
    Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem
    Leucas diffusa Benth. Herb Plains
    to Low Altitude, Open  Localities
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
    Cuddalore,
    Kancheepuram, Ramanathapuram, Salem, Thanjavur,  Thiruvallur, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore,
    Viluppuram
    Leucas eriostoma Hook.f. var. eriostoma Undershrub Eastern
    Ghats, Evergreen  Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Salem
    Leucas eriostoma Hook.f. var. lanata Hook.f. Undershrub Eastern
    Ghats, Evergreen  Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Nilgiri
    Leucas eriostoma Hook.f. var. latifolia Hook.f. Undershrub Eastern
    Ghats, Evergreen  Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
    Nilgiri
    Leucas flaccida R.Br. var. scaberula (Hook.f.) Srinivasan is a synonym of Leucas decemdentata (Willd.) Sm. Straggling
    Herb
    Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grasslands 
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
    Coimbatore,
    Cuddalore, Salem, Theni, Tiruchchirappalli, Viluppuram
    Leucas helianthemifolia Desf. Shrub Western
    Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Coimbatore,
    Dindigul , Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
    Leucas hirta (Heyne ex Roth) Spreng. Herb Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Dharmapuri,
    Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem, Tirunelveli, Viluppuram
    Leucas indica (L.) R.Br. ex Vatke is a synonym of Leucas lavandulifolia  Herb Plains,
    Open  Localities
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    All
    districts
    Leucas lamifolia Desf. or Leucas lamiifolia Desf. Shrub Western
    Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Nilgiri
    Leucas lanata Benth. Herb Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
    Coimbatore,
    Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Tiruvannamalai, Viluppuram
    Leucas lanceaefolia Desf. or Leucas lanceifolia Desf. Shrub Western
    Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Coimbatore,
    Dindigul, Nilgiri
    Leucas marrubioides Desf. Herb Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Mukerjee 1940
    Coimbatore,
    Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem
    Leucas martinicensis (Jacq.) R. Br. Herb Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Naturalized, Dry Deciduous Forests, Native of

    Tropical America

    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
    Coimbatore,
    Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Tiruchchirappalli, Tiruvannamalai,
    Vellore, Viluppuram 
    Leucas montana Spreng. Straggling
    Undershrub
    Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Hook.f.1885, Mukerjee 1940, Matthew 1983
    Coimbatore,
    Dindigul, Nilgiri, Vellore
    Leucas nutans Spreng. Herb Dry
    Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957, Matthew 1983
    Salem,
    Thiruvallur,  Tiruvannamalai,
    Viluppuram 
    Leucas prostrata (Hook.f.) Gamble Herb Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Coimbatore,
    Nilgiri, Salem
    Leucas pubescens Benth. Herb Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Hook.f.1885, Gamble 1957, Matthew 1983
    Coimbatore,  Nilgiri, Salem, Theni
    Leucas rosmarinifolia Benth. Shrub Western
    Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Nilgiri
    Leucas stelligera Wall. ex Benth. Herb Western
    Ghats, Moist Deciduous   Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Dindigul,
    Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
    Leucas stricta Benth. Herb Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Deciduous 
    Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Coimbatore,
    Dharmapuri, Salem, Virudhunagar
    Leucas suffruticosa Benth. Undershrub Western
    Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Hook.f. 1885
    Coimbatore,
    Nilgiri
    Leucas ternifolia Desf. is a synonym of Leucas helianthemifolia Desf. Undershrub Western
    Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
    Coimbatore,
    Dindigul, Nilgiri
    Leucas urticaefolia (Vahl) R.Br. Herb Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
    Coimbatore,
    Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Nilgiri,  Salem,
    Theni, Tiruchchirappalli, Tiruvannamalai, Virudhunagar
    Leucas vestita Benth.  var. vestita Herb Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
    Coimbatore,
    Dindigul,  Kanniyakumari,  Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli
    Leucas vestita Benth. var. angustifolia Hook.f. Herb Western
    Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Hook.f. 1885
    Nilgiri
    Leucas vestita Benth. var. oblongifolia Hook.f. Herb Western
    Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Hook.f. 1885
    Tirunelveli
    Leucas vestita Benth. var. sericostoma Hook.f. Herb Western
    Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Coimbatore,
    Dindigul
    Leucas wightiana Benth. Herb Plains,
    Dry Localities
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
    Coimbatore,
    Cuddalore, Kanniyakumari, Tiruvannamalai
    Leucas zeylanica (L.) R. Br. Herb Western
    Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
    Flora
    of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
    Dindigul,
    Nilgiri, Salem, Theni

     

     

    Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name






































    Leucas aspera Lamiaceae Common Leucas
    Leucas biflora Leucas procumbens, Phlomis biflora, Blandinia biflora Lamiaceae Two-Flowered Leucas
    Leucas ciliata Lamiaceae Tufted Leucas
    Leucas lamiIfolia Lamiaceae Mint
    Leaved Leucas
    Leucas lanata Lamiaceae Woolly Leucas
    Leucas marrubioides Lamiaceae Horehound Leucas
    Leucas martinicensis Clinopodium martinicense, Phlomis martinicensis, Stachys fluminensis Lamiaceae Whitewort
    Leucas stelligera Lamiaceae Starry Leucas

     









    1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett
    Leucas angustissima Sedgw.- R- Karnataka
    Leucas mukerjiana Subba Rao & Kumari- E- Andhra pradesh
    Leucas pubescens Benth.– I- Tamilnadu
    Leucas wightiana Wall. ex Benth.- I- Tamilnadu


    Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details with keys-
    Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details with keys-

    Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (2000)- Description & Keys-

    Leucas nutans
    Leucas stricta
    Leucas zeylanica


     

    Plant Wealth of the Lower Ganga Delta: An Eco-taxonomical Approach, Volume 2 By Kumudranjan Naskar(Description & Keys- 1993)

    Leucas nutans


     

    Leucas : 1 post by 1 author.

    I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Leucas

    Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

    Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

    If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

    Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


    June15sk12/12 : Leucas spp. in West Bengal : 4 posts by 1 author.

    As per ‘Monograph……. / Dr. V. Singh / 2001’, out of 50 spp. (incl. their var.), following species of Leucas are distributed in our state –
    1. aspera
    2. lavadulifolia
    3. cephalotes
    4. hyssopifolia
    5. biflora
    6. decemdentata var. decemdentata
    7. lanata var. lanata
    8. montana
    9. nutans
    10. stelligera


    5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2) …………………………


    Pl. go through Leucas (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Lamiaceae) page with images of species (done by …) in efloraofindia.

    If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

    Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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