Comparative images of Rosaceae family (except for Crataegus, Cotoneaster, Eriobotrya, Fragaria, Geum, Potentilla, Prunus, Pyrus, Rosa, Rubus, Sibbaldia, Sorbus, Spiraea which can be seen by clicking on these links) are given below:
Comarum salesovianum (Stephan) Asch. & Graebn. (China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang), Tibet, Afghanistan (Wakhan), NW-India, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan (Chitral), Pakistani Kashmir (Gilgit, Baltistan), Jammu & Kashmir (Nubra, Ladakh, Zanskar), Tajikistan, Kazakhstan as per CoL)
Cydonia oblonga Mill. (Introduced) (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia [Caucasus], Northern Caucasus, Kazakhstan (c), Albania (c), Austria (c), Bulgaria (c), Corsica (c), Crete (c), Czech Republic (c), Slovakia (c), France (c), Germany (c), Greece (c), Switzerland (c), Spain (c), Hungary (c), Italy (c), former Yugoslavia (c), Slovenia (c), Croatia (c), Portugal (c), Romania (c), Crimea (c), Uzbekistan (c), Turkmenistan (c), Tajikistan (c), Sardinia (c), Sicily (c), Australia (c) (South Australia (c)), Taiwan (c), South Africa (c) (Free State (c)), New Caledonia (c), Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia), East Aegaean Isl. (c), Iraq (NE-Iraq), Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran), Afghanistan (c), Pakistan (c), Jammu & Kashmir (c), N-India (c), Yemen (c), China (c) (Fujian (c), Guizhou (c), Jiangxi (c), S-Shaanxi (c), Shanxi (c), Xinjiang (c)), Canary Isl. (c) (Tenerife (c), Hierro (c)), Cape Verde Isl. (c) (Santo Antao Isl. (c), Ilha de Sao Tiago (c), Fogo Isl. (c)), Algeria (c), Morocco (c), Tunisia (c), Libya (c), Mexico (c), Colombia (c), Guatemala (c), Honduras (c), El Salvador (c), Ecuador (c), Bolivia (c), Nepal (c), Vietnam (c), USA (c) (California (c), Connecticut (c), Illinois (c), Massachusetts (c), Maryland (c), New York (c), Ohio (c), Oregon (c), Pennsylvania (c), Vermont (c)), Canada (c) (Ontario (c)) as per CoL)
Dasiphora fruticosa (L.) Rydb. (Temp. Northern Hemisphere: Alaska, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Arizona, Baltic States, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, China North-Central, China South-Central, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, East European Russia, East Himalaya, France, Great Britain, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Labrador, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mongolia, Montana, Nepal, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Québec, Rhode I., Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, Spain, Sweden, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Tuva, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon; Introduced into: Austria, Belarus, Central European Rus, Germany, Norway as per POWO)
Kerria japonica (L.) DC. (Introduced) (China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Japan, Korea; Introduced into: Alabama, Albania, Arkansas, Bulgaria, Connecticut, Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, Uzbekistan, Virginia as per POWO)
Malus baccata (L.) Borkh. (European Russia to Korea and Himalaya: Altay, Amur, Assam, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, Chita, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Irkutsk, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Manchuria, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Northwest European R, Pakistan, Primorye, West Himalaya, West Siberia; Introduced into: Connecticut, Illinois, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming as per POWO)
Malus pumila Mill. (Introduced)
Neillia thyrsiflora D.Don (Central Nepal to China (Yunnan, Guangxi), X. Sumatera, W. Jawa: Assam, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Jawa, Myanmar, Nepal, Sumatera, Tibet, Vietnam as per POWO)
Photinia integrifolia Lindl. (S. China to Tropical Asia: Assam, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO)
Pyracantha crenulata (D. Don) M. Roem. (N. Pakistan to NW. India and China: Assam, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya; Introduced into: Alabama, Argentina Northeast, California, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Guatemala, Lesotho, Louisiana, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oregon, South Carolina, Spain, Texas, Washington as per POWO)
Rhaphiolepis indica (L.) Lindl. (Introduced) (S. China to Indo-China, Japan to Ogasawara-shoto: Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Japan, Jawa, Laos, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO)
Sanguisorba minor subsp. balearica (Bourg. ex Nyman) Muñoz Garm. & C.Navarro (Europe to Medit. and W. Himalaya. S. Africa: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cape Provinces, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., France, Free State, Germany, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia; Introduced into: Alabama, Arizona, Baltic States, Belarus, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Denmark, Great Britain, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., South Australia, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wyoming as per POWO)
Sibbaldianthe bifurca subsp. orientalis (Juz.) Kurtto & T.Erikss. (China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang), Siberia (C-Siberia), Russian Far East, Mongolia, Northern Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Belarus (introduced), Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Parwan), Pakistan (Chitral), Pakistani Kashmir (Astor, Gilgit, Baltistan), Jammu & Kashmir (Ladakh, Rupshu, Kashmir), N-India, Nepal as per Catalogue of Life)
Stranvaesia nussia (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Decne. (Nepal to China (Yunnan) and Indo-China, Philippines: Assam, China South-Central, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Tibet, West Himalaya as per POWO)
PLANT TAXONOMY 2E By SHARMA (2011)- Details
Taxonomy of Angiosperms By A. V. S. S. Sambamurty (2005)- Details.
FAMILY OF THE WEEK: ROSACEAE
There are over 25 genera and around 215 species in India mainly confined to temperate Himalayas ascending up to 6000 meters.
The plants are herbs, shrubs or trees several species of Rose and Rubus have prickles. Sometimes, as in Prinsepiaand Crataegusthe shrubs are armed with sharp spines which are modified branches. Vegetative reproduction takes place in several ways.
The leaves are alternate and simple, pinnately or palmately compound. The stipules are usually present.
Inflorescence and flowers:
The flowers are rarely solitary or fascicled, but commonly they are arranged in various types of definite or indefinite inflorescences. The flowers are actinomorphic or sometimes strongly zygomorphic, bisexual or unisexual,polygamous, pentamerous, hypogynous, peri or epigynous. The calyx is of typically five basally connate sepals; the calyx tube is free or adnate to the ovary. The aestivation is imbricate or valvate. In some genera an epicalyx is also present. The corolla is of generally five free petals (there are numerous petals in cultivated species of Rosa) which are usually imbricate in bud. The number of stamens is variable from one to many. They are often in whorls. The filaments are distinct or sometimes monoadelphous. The anthers are dithecous and introrse. A cushion shaped or ringlike nectar secreting disc is present between the stamens and carpel. The gynoecium shows much variation. There are ten different tribes of gynoecial characters and type of fruits.
The seeds are usually without endosperm.
Pollination and dispersal:
In most Rosaceae the nectar is collected in the receptacular tube and easily licked by insects. The flowers are mostly protogynous and favour cross pollination.
The seeds are dispersed by animals and birds.
Rosa multiflora (Rose)
Pyrus mallus (Apple)
Pyrus communis (Pear)
Prunus persica (Peach)
Prunus institia (Plum)
Prunus armeniaca (Apricot)
Prunus amygdalous (Almond)
Fragaria chiloensis (Garden Strawberry)
Fragaria vesca L. (Alpine strawberry)
Satish Pahdke Blogspot
BSI Flora of Maharashtra mentions only 5 species which are native to Maharashtra while there are many cultivated species which are seen growing though.
The key for Maharashtra is as follows.
Annual herbs :
Trees or shrubs :
2. Plants: unarmed trees; carpel 1- Prunus (Only 1 species found: Prunus ceylanica)
2. Plants: prickly shrubs; carpels many- Rubus.
1. Leaves simple … R. molluccanus (Black berry)
1. Leaves 3-9 foliolate :
2. Leaves 3-foliolate : .. R.ellipticus
2. Leaves 5-9 foliolate .. R.niveus (‘Gauriphal’, ’Mahabaleshwar Raspberry’)
Trees and shrubs above 1 m
a) leaves compound, with 3 or more leaflets
i) Carpels free 1. Rubus 2. Sorbaria 3. Potentila
ii) Carpels enclosed in a fleshy receptacle 1. Rosa 2. Sorbus
b( Leaves entire toothed or lobed
i) Carpel 1- 1. Prunus 2. Prinsepia 3. Neillia
ii) Carpels several free- 1.Rubus 2. Neillia 3. Spirea
iii) Carpels encirciled in a fleshy receptacle in fruit – 1. Crotoneaster 2. Crateagus 3. Pyracanthia 4. Photinia 5. Stranvaesia 6. Malus 7. Pyrus 8. Sorbus
Herbaceous perennials or small undershrubs
a) Epicalyx present 1. Alchemilila. 2. Fragaria 3. Geum 4. Potentilla 5. Sibbaldia
b)Epicalyx absent 1. Rubus 2. Agrimonia 3. Aruncus 4. Filipendula 5. Spiraea 6 Cotoneaster
Species, genus & family pages of Rosaceae are now with comparative images:
Species, genus & family pages of Rosaceae are now with comparative images. On clicking the link of species, one can check the complete details. Genus pages generally give details of most of the species found in India.
May I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identification in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this family (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified/ wrongly identified images, it will be really nice. Pl. circulate it widely, for the benefit of all concerned.